Tag Archives: vitamin c

Ingredients to Detox Your Skin

The skin is your body’s largest organ. Some people feel that using skincare products to soothe, repair and heal your skin is merely vanity. However, this is really untrue. Your skin is a reflection of how you treat your body, not just a reflection of the products you choose. A healthy diet in conjunction with proper skin care can dramatically change the appearance of your skin. Just as you need to detox your inner organs every now and then, you need to detox your skin as well. Drinking detox water, eating foods that help remove toxins like cucumbers or lemon will definitely play a large role in the detox of your skin. To achieve maximum results, look for products with the following ingredients.

Salicylic acid chemical formula.

Salicylic Acid
This popular exfoliant and acne treatment is one that you may want to look for when you are trying to detoxify your skin and restore it to health. Salicylic acid goes beyond cleaning the surface of your skin, it penetrates the pores. Once inside the pore, salicylic acid clears away accumulated dead skin cells, dirt and any other debris. You can find salicylic acid in facial and body cleansers, toners and astringents, moisturizers and other treatment products.

Citrus fruits.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that contains tons of skin benefits. Damaged skin needs extra attention and ascorbic acid, the most commonly used form of vitamin C in skincare and beauty products, helps repair your skin. Vitamin C is an essential part of your body’s collagen production process. Collagen is what gives your skin its elasticity and firmness. In addition to collagen production, vitamin C helps your skin to naturally heal itself, which damaged skin requiring a detox, needs.

Chamomile flowers and tea.

Chamomile Extract
Chamomile is a common staple for soothing your body whether you drink chamomile tea for a sore throat or use a skincare product that contains chamomile extract to soothe your skin. Chamomile contains flavanoids, plant derivatives that have antioxidant properties, and with other ingredients, and increases blood flow to the skin. Additionally, chamomile acts as an anti-inflammatory providing relief to irritated, damaged skin.

Green tea.

Green Tea
There are tons of skincare products available that make use of the amazing antioxidant power of green tea. Not only can you use green tea contained in products, you can also brew your own green tea and use it directly on the skin. The tannic acid in green tea is antibacterial and when applied topically it helps to draw impurities from your skin.

Just as a body detox clears out toxins, so does a skin detox. The use of these ingredients helps to deeply cleanse your face and repair any damage that has been done. You don’t have to detox your skin all the time, but an easy way to do so is by using a detoxifying mask once a week. For even better skin detox results, pair your skin detox with a body detox. Mix a pitcher of your favorite detox water to clear toxins from the inside out.

Spotlight on VItamin C

There is no doubt that you know vitamin C. It’s an essential vitamin for your body, providing multiple benefits, perhaps most famously immune support. If you have been paying attention to skin care for the past few years, you know that vitamin C is an increasingly popular ingredient among skin care lines from your drugstore to the highest luxury brands. While some skin care ingredients are trendy and popular for a few seasons or years, vitamin C is a stellar ingredient that remains a constant staple in many products.

Closeup of an orange

Why Vitamin C?
Vitamin C is a potent, naturally occurring antioxidant. It is a water-soluble vitamin that is necessary for normal growth and development. Vitamin C provides benefits to your body by:

  • Forming a protein required to make skin, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels
  • Helping wounds heal and forming scar tissue
  • Repairing and maintaining healthy bones, teeth and cartilage

While these are all critical to your health, vitamin C also has dermatological properties. Some of the amazing benefits from using products with vitamin C include:

  • Reduction in photo-ageing (brown spots and sun damage spots)
  • Reduction in inflammation and irritation
  • Providing a boost in collagen production
  • Fighting damage from free radical oxidation
  • Fading red marks that occur post-acne

What Type of Vitamin C Should I Use?
The usual form of vitamin C as it relates to skin care is ascorbic acid, also referred to as L-ascorbic acid. Perhaps the main reason that this form of vitamin C is the most prevalent in skin care is that it has the most research and scientific study of all forms of vitamin C for skin care. If the ascorbic acid is formulated properly, it provides every skin care benefit listed above. For more stubborn pigmentation and post-acne marks, you can use a product containing a higher (15% or higher) concentration of ascorbic acid.

Though ascorbic acid is the most frequently used in skin care, it is not the only form of vitamin C that finds its way into skin care products. Other forms of vitamin C that are believed to be effective for dermatological care are:

  • Retinyl ascorbate
  • Ascorbyl palmitate
  • Tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate
  • Sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate

All of these are derivatives of vitamin C that provide benefits such as protection from free radicals to repairing skin to increasing collagen production, though there is not as much research on these forms.

Woman applying moisturizer

How to Use Vitamin C
Using vitamin C topically is pretty straightforward; you purchase a product that provides benefits your skin needs and you apply the product as directed. However, there are some things you should take into consideration when purchasing skin care that includes vitamin C. First, while vitamin C is helpful on its own, it works even better when combined with other antioxidants, so look for product formulations that include vitamin C as well as other antioxidants, such as green tea. Next, it is important to consider the packaging of the product. Sure, you like nice looking products displayed in your bathroom, but sacrifice beauty for function if necessary. Vitamin C, along with every other antioxidant, has the tendency to destabilize when exposed to light or air. Look for a container that is air-tight or that uses a pump that can close and that is opaque so the light cannot penetrate the product.

Vitamin C is truly a necessity for your body, especially for your skin. Ascorbic acid, and other forms of vitamin C, provide a large range of benefits that help you to get the best skin possible.

Product Pairs to Avoid

At Vine Vera, we’ve discussed multiple times what skin care ingredients are beneficial to your skin. In our last post, we talked about quality skin care ingredients that work better together; some pairs are just meant to be. Not all skin care ingredients play nice with each other though. You probably have a counter or drawer full of products. It can be so tempting to keep buying the newest, most advanced skin care in hopes of attaining a flawless face. The problem with this is that every product will have its own list of ingredients and they may not work effectively on your skin when paired with another product and set of ingredients. Trying to figure out exactly which ingredients work together and those that don’t can be an overwhelming and exhausting task. That’s why we’ve put together lists of the best combinations and the worst. The following ingredient pairings are ones that you want to steer clear of to see maximum results from your skin care products.

Orange and milk

Vitamin C + Alpha Hydroxy Acids
The combination of these ingredients won’t cause adverse effects or counteract the effectiveness of the other, but it is still a combination skin care experts advise against. Vitamin C is found in the majority of anti-aging skin care products and rightly so. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that enhances skin tone, approve the appearance of spots caused by sun damage, reduce and prevent marks due to acne and it stimulates collagen production, which leads to decreased wrinkles and fine lines. Truly, vitamin C is a powerhouse when it comes to skin care ingredients. Alpha hydroxy acids, typically citric, glycolic or lactic acid, are also a very beneficial treatment against wrinkles, though in a different way. AHAs are generally used in an exfoliating way to soften the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. The problem with combining the two is that both of these ingredients is that both of them are acidic ingredients. Vitamin C is incredibly pH sensitive and AHAs can alter the pH levels of vitamin C, thus reducing or eliminating any antioxidant benefits from vitamin C. In addition, because these two are acidic, used together they can be incredibly irritating to sensitive skin.

Resorcinol + Hydroquinone
Though both of these ingredients are designed to decrease and treat hyperpigmentation, they don’t tend to work well together. Hydroquinone has been used as a skin care ingredient, particularly in the United States, for decades. Hydroquinone inhibits two skin enzymes: tyrosinase and homogentisic acid oxidase. Resorcinol is a newer ingredients in skin lightening products and also inhibits the above enzymes. Based on that, you would think that they would do double duty and work perfectly together, but they don’t. Pigment accumulates in the skin when homogentisic acid oxidase is inhibited. In dark-skinned individuals, the combination of these has been shown to actually permanently darken the skin rather than lighten it. It is important to note that this is a rare occurrence and is not a necessary cause for concern in people with lighter complexions, but it’s best to play it safe and pick one or the other.

Niacinamides and Sirtuins.

Niacinamides + Sirtuins
Some skin care pairings are shrouded in questions as to whether or not they are true. The combination of niacinamides and sirtuins has empirical research proving that these ingredients should not be mixed. Niacinamide is a form of vitamin B3 and has multiple skin benefits. This ingredient helps to hydrate and soften your skin while also reducing the appearance, or preventing further, fine lines and wrinkles. Additionally, niacinamide helps to prevent and treat age spots on your skin. Sirtuins turn off unnecessary gene expression, thereby conserving energy within your skin cells. A 2005 study by Johns Hopkins University found that niacinamide inhibits the sirtuins activity. In a way, it makes a lot of sense: niacinamides want to increase your cell metabolism while sirtuins want to decrease the metabolism. If you wanted to use both ingredients on your skin, make sure that you use them on alternating days or only one at night and the other during the day as using them at the same time will negate the effectiveness of the individual ingredients.

Of course, you want to achieve the best results possible with each and every one of your skin care products. Unfortunately, not all ingredients get along with each other and they can work against your skin. Though each is beneficial for your skin in its own way, sometimes, there can be too much a good thing.

Top Family Care Ingredients

With the end of summer approaching, it’s time to start thinking about the back to school basics. You have to spend time browsing through the stores for all of the school supplies, new clothes because your kids have outgrown last year’s, and of course, the lunch bags. Amidst all of the planning and preparation that goes into back-to-school time, it becomes all too easy to make the health of your family a priority. However, making sure your entire family is receiving the necessary vitamins and minerals they need. Back-to-school also means back to classrooms full of runny little noses, not enough hand washing and exposure to all kinds of germs. Vine Vera compiled a list of the ingredients that make for a healthy, happy family.

Calcium rich foods

Calcium
Every member of your family requires calcium. Your children need calcium to help grow strong, healthy bones and adults in the household need calcium to maintain strong bones. As you age your stores of calcium decrease significantly, so it is important to continue replenishing your body’s store of calcium. For children, the more calcium they get at younger ages increases the amount stored for when they eventually age and begin to lose calcium. You can get calcium from dietary sources like dairy products, such as milk, cheese and yogurt, salmon and leafy, dark greens like kale.

Vitamin C rich foods

Vitamin C
You probably are already aware that you need vitamin C to support healthy immune function, and you know you can get it from oranges. However, vitamin C does far more than improve immune system functioning. Vitamin C also helps strengthen blood vessels, providing antioxidant benefits such as fighting free radicals, increasing skin elasticity (great for the adults in the house) and helping your body absorb iron. Of course you can grab some oranges to get vitamin C, but you can also include items such as kiwis, goji berries, grapefruits, strawberries and red and green peppers.

Vitamin B rich foods

B Vitamins
B vitamins are an essential ingredient for all members of your family. These vitamins are largely responsible for energy production, and you’re going to need it as the school year starts. B vitamins also have some of the same benefits of vitamin C: they improve immune function and help with iron absorption. You can get your B vitamins in whole unprocessed foods like whole grains, lentils, potatoes, chili peppers and bananas.

Bowl of fresh spinach.

Iron
Iron is an important ingredient for your whole family. It naturally builds muscle and maintains healthy blood. You can add iron to your family’s diet by eating organ meats such as liver, clams and oysters. If your family, or a member of your family, is vegetarian there are still good sources of iron. Vegetables like soybeans, beans, spinach, pumpkin seeds and lentils all have significant levels of iron.

Sunflower seeds and sunflower oil.

Vitamin E
Vitamin E helps your immune system as well as improving your blood circulation. It is also an antioxidant that helps your body fight free radical damage. One of the greatest, and tastiest, sources of vitamin E is almonds. You can also add vitamin E to your family’s diet through tomatoes, sunflower seeds and sunflower and safflower oils.

Keeping your family healthy does not have to become your full time job. Incorporating a wide variety of fresh fruits and vegetables helps ensure your family are getting all the ingredients they require for their health.

Level Up Your Skin Care Ingredients

The various vitamins, minerals and antioxidants your skin needs to be it’s healthiest come in a variety of forms. For instance, retinol (vitamin A) comes in many forms ranging from retinyl palmitate to tretinoin. Figuring out which form of a specific ingredient you need is tricky business, and ultimately will depend on your skin and it’s needs. However, we have a bit of a guide here that explains the different forms of ingredients and how they may, or may not, be what you want to look for in your skin care.

Chemical formula of Vitamin A on a blackboard

Vitamin A
Vitamin A, or retinol, has long been considered one of the most effective skin care ingredients in the fight against aging. Additionally, there are numerous acne treatments that harness the power of retinol. According to skin experts, retinol can be broken into certain potent compounds known as retinoids. Vitamin A, retinol and retinoids are terms that are usually used interchangeably, but each has its own regulations and distinctions. Retinol is labeled as a cosmetic ingredient and can be used in any formulations. The other forms of retinol that are rated as cosmetic-grade and can therefore be used in any formulation include retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate and retinaldehyde.

Which one is right for you? It depends on your skin and your needs. Basically, in order to be effective retinol must be broken down into retinoic acid to be most effective to your skin. Retinoids, then, must be broken down from retinyl acetate to retinol to retinoic acid. Retinoic acid in these forms are mostly used in over-the-counter skin products. For severe skin issues, consult a doctor or dermatologist about the use of prescrition retinoids such as adapalene, tazarotene and tretinoin.

Sliced oranges.

Vitamin C
Another vitamin with tons of skin benefits is vitamin C. The “best” form of vitamin C is ascorbic acid (or L-ascorbic acid). Perhaps because this form of vitamin C has the most research on skin benefits, this is the form of vitamin C that most frequently appears in well-formulated skin care products. Ascorbic acid helps produce new and younger looking skin and fades problems like sun damage or post-acne marks.

Other forms of vitamin C include ascorbyl palmitate, sodium ascorbyl phosphate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, retinyl ascorbate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphates. These are all derivatives of vitamin C that come with their own unique benefits, but largely include the repair and protection of free radical damage.

Chemical formula of vitamin B3.

Vitamin B
There are many types of vitamin B that are included in skin care and beauty products, many of which are used to treat specific skin care concerns. Vitamin B3 is also known as nicotinic acid and niacinamide and is a form of vitamin B to look into if you require skin care that focuses on anti-aging properties.

Vitamin B5 is another common ingredient in skin care and is also referred to as pantothenic acid. Pantothenic acid may help with acne issues and has been proven to provide hydration and healing properties to the skin. Panthenol is the alcohol form of pantothenic acid and is a frequent addition to beauty formulas for its humectant properties. It improves the barrier function of the skin and helps improve the cells responsible for creating collagen.

The cosmetic and beauty industry is an ever-changing business always featuring new technology and improved ingredients. Ultimately, the forms of ingredients that you desire will depend on the needs your skin has. However, with a little help from Vine Vera, you can get started on discerning what ingredient forms are best for you.

Top Ingredients for Your Skin Type

The major skin types that people have include normal, dry, oily and combination. Normal skin is the most rare while oily can be the most difficult to remedy through topically applied products. Using the proper skin care ingredients for your skin type helps give you the clear, beautiful skin you want.

Vine-Vera-Top-Ingredients-for-Your-Skin-Type-Normal-Skin

Normal
Normal skin is the exception rather than the rule, and many people who have normal skin deal with normal skin plus a concern or two. You most likely have normal skin if your skin is not oily or dry and if you do get small spots of oily or dry skin they are quick and easy to remedy. Normal skin has a fairly even skin tone with no major brown or red spots and your pores are neither invisible nor enlarged.

The best way to care for normal skin is to avoid products labeled for other skin types: oily skin care products will be too drying while dry skin care products will have too much moisture. Look for products with gentle, but effective ingredients. Antioxidants are important ingredients for all skin types, and normal skin benefits from vitamins A, C and E. Though normal skin is not oily, you still need to exfoliate normal skin regularly to remove any dead skin cells or other debris that may accumulate. The best exfoliant for normal skin is an alpha hydroxy acid, which is a gentle chemical exfoliant. An AHA exfoliant also reduces the appearance of wrinkles and increases collagen production.

Cosmetic cream and strawberries on a wooden table.

Dry
The common perception is that dry skin suffers from a lack of moisture, but this is not entirely true. Rather, dry skin has lost its ability to maintain normal levels of moisture as the skin’s barrier response has been weakened. To best take care of dry skin, it is important to look for ingredients that help the skin to retain a healthy water balance. Rid your skin care routine of anything that contains a rough scrub, use your fingers rather than a harsh cleansing brush and drying ingredients such as alcohol.

Dry skin requires some extra attention and delicate care. Many times those with dry skin can skip cleansing altogether as soaps, particularly in bar form, can be incredibly drying. Splash some warm water over your face and cleanse using a gentle AHA exfoliant. Look for moisturizers packed with antioxidants such as vitamin E and consider the use of intensive serums or plant oils. Plant oils such as jojoba and olive oils can be extremely helpful to dry skin.

Woman cleansing her face.

Oily
Oily skin is perhaps the hardest type of skin to deal with because it is caused by hormones which are genetically determined. The hormones responsible for oil production are androgens and while they are considered the “male hormone,” they are present in both males and females. You have oily skin if your face becomes shiny about two hours after cleansing and continues to become increasingly “greasy” throughout the day. Additionally, people with oily skin often have enlarged pores due to the increase in oil production.

While it may seem like a good idea to dry out oily skin, this can make your skin produce even more oil. Rather than using harsh ingredients like alcohol, look for gentle cleansers with ingredients such as salicylic acid. This helps combat oil, and any resulting acne, without being too drying on the skin. Use of a toner after cleansing can help oily skin and looking for one with antioxidants such as vitamin C (ascorbic acid) can provide great benefits. Be sure to exfoliate and again salicylic acid, or BHA exfoliant, is great for clearing away dead skin cells and unclogging pores.

Witch Hazel

Combination
Combination skin is difficult for people to deal with and recognize. Combination skin occurs when you face two or more skin types at one time. Often, some part of the skin is dry and flaky while other parts of the skin are oily. Generally, this manifests as an oily T-zone, where the forehead, nose and chin are oilier than the rest of the face.

Use a gentle cleanser and avoid bar soaps for combination skin. Again, look for a toner but be sure that it does not include any irritating ingredients such as citrus oils, alcohols or witch hazel. Salicylic acid is a great ingredient and can be used as a regular exfoliant to keep the T-zone clean and clear. If your skin is particularly dry, then you may want to skip the BHA (salicylic acid) toner and switch to an AHA exfoliant. Use heavy moisturizers or anti-acne medications as spot treatments rather than applying to the entire face.

Treating your unique skin type with the ingredients that it needs ensures you have the healthiest skin possible. Remember to use sunscreen daily no matter what type of skin you have as it provides necessary protection against harmful UV rays. A regular routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps all skin types stay looking youthful and radiant.

What Vitamin C Does for Skin – Vine Vera Reviews

Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin. This means that the vitamin dissolves in water, so you need to be sure that you are receiving a continuous supply of vitamin C. We previously posted on foods that will help you achieve your daily recommended amount of vitamin C, but you can also get the benefits of vitamin C through topical application. Not sure why you would want to apply vitamin C to your skin? Check out the information below to learn what vitamin C can do for your skin.

Fruits rich in Vitamin C

Vitamin C
There are several forms of vitamin C that are used in skin care products. In any form vitamin C is highly beneficial providing a wide variety of benefits. Topical application of vitamin C can:

  • Minimize the appearance of brown spots and other aging marks such as spots from sun damage
  • Increase your body’s collagen production
  • Lessen the amount of inflammation and irritation in your skin
  • Decrease the appearance marks due to acne and breakout
  • Increases the skin’s natural healing response
  • Enhance sunscreen effectiveness and increase your natural UV protection

Chemical formula of ascorbic acid.

Types of Vitamin C
While some product packaging will proclaim that vitamin C is an ingredient, others may use different terms to refer to the various forms of vitamin c. The most frequently used form of vitamin C in skin care is ascorbic acid. This is because ascorbic acid is backed by proper research which states that any type of vitamin C can benefit for skin.

Ascorbic acid is also known as L-ascorbic acid and when properly formulated, the ingredient can help in creating firmer and younger skin, while removing post-acne marks and the signs of sun damage. This substance can be used either on its own or with other antioxidant ingredients. One of the greatest pairings in skin care is the combination of vitamins C and A.

Though ascorbic acid is the most commonly used ingredient in skin care, there are other types that you may want to look for on product labels. The other derivatives of vitamin C in skin care are:

  • Ascorbyl palmitate
  • Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Tetrahexldecyl ascorbate
  • Sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Retinyl ascorbate

All of these forms of vitamin C also provide protection against free-radical damage, though the above derivatives are more powerful when combined with other ingredients such as retinol (vitamin A) or niacinamide (vitamin B). A combination of other ingredients and antioxidants will benefit all forms of vitamin C and help them to be as beneficial as possible.

Vitamin C can be achieved through both diet and skin care products. Vitamin C is a superstar antioxidant that provides a multitude of benefits for your skin, helping it look younger, firmer and more even. A concentration as low as .06% vitamin C in a skin care product can provide excellent benefits, while a concentration of 15 to 25% results in maximum fading of sun damage, other signs of aging and post-acne marks. Be sure to incorporate a skin care product with vitamin C into your skin care routine to improve your healthy collagen levels, resulting in diminished signs of aging and healthier skin overall.

Vitamin C Rich Foods – Vine Vera Reviews

Now that you know how important vitamin C is to both your body’s internal processes and your complexion, you might be wondering how best to receive it. We mentioned in our last post that you can definitely apply vitamin C topically in order to help fade sun damage and reduce irritation and inflammation of the skin. However, you can also head to your kitchen when you want to reap the benefits of vitamin C.

Closeup of strawberries and sliced pineapples.

Fruits
Possibly the most famous fruit for vitamin C is the orange. You know that oranges are high in vitamin C, providing collagen boosting benefits and a healthy immune system. But if you don’t feel like scarfing down oranges all of the time, there are plenty of other fruits that are vitamin C rich.

Tropical fruit lovers will be pleased to know that pineapple is a fruit with a high vitamin C concentration. Papaya is also a fruit that contains tons of vitamin C. A one cup serving of papaya contains 88.3mg of vitamin C while a serving of pineapple contains 78.9mg. Mangoes are another tropical fruit that contains vitamin C and beats out oranges, pineapples and papayas in the level of vitamin C it contains. A serving of mangoes contains 122.3mg of vitamin C and is also a great source of vitamin A (which works well in conjunction with vitamin C). Slicing up a kiwi and eating it will result in you getting about 70mg of vitamin C.

Strawberries are also an awesome source of vitamin C with a one cup serving containing almost 85mg of vitamin C. For a super dose of vitamin C, slice up your favorite fruits from this brief list and make a delicious, and nutritious, tropical fruit salad.

Salad with bell peppers and olive oil

Vegetables
Most people associate oranges, and other citrus fruits, with vitamin C, but there are tons of vegetables that can add a great amount of vitamin C to your diet. Red and green bell peppers are an excellent source of vitamin C:  a cup of chopped red pepper contains three times the amount of vitamin C than an orange does with 190mg of vitamin C being in one cup of chopped red bell peppers. Green bell peppers are also a great source of vitamin C as they contain about 120mg in a one cup serving.

One of the most buzzed about vegetables recently is kale and with good reason. A one cup serving of kale provides twice the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A and seven times the amount of vitamin K. When it comes to vitamin C, a one cup serving of kale provides you with 80mg, roughly the recommended daily amount for adult males and females. Your mother probably told you to eat your broccoli as a child, and you should definitely heed her advice. A one cup serving of broccoli is just 30 calories and contains over 130mg of vitamin C in addition to being rich in fiber.

When it comes to getting the recommended daily amount of vitamin C, you can easily accomplish your goal through your diet. A fresh fruit salad for breakfast and a snack of broccoli in the afternoon will easily have you getting the amount of vitamin C that you need for beautiful skin and a healthy body.

Ingredient Spotlight: Vitamin C – Vine Vera Reviews

Chemical Formula of Vitamin C.

You know that your body needs vitamins and minerals in order to function properly and you know that vitamin C is one of them. However, you may not know just how important vitamin C really is and why it is an important skin care ingredient. Vitamin C does so much more than improve and encourage healthy immune functioning, it benefits your skin as well.

What is Vitamin C and What Does it do?
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, vitamin C is  a water-soluble vitamin which has is considered to be essential for proper growth and development. Since vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, it ends up dissolving in water. This means that all leftover amounts of the vitamin leave the body through urine. This is why it is essential to ensure a continuous supply of vitamin C in your diet.

One of the reasons that vitamin C is so crucial to your body is that it helps grow and repair tissues throughout your entire body. It helps your body to form scar tissue and your wounds to heal in addition to repairing and maintaining bones, teeth and cartilage. Vitamin C is required to create an important protein that is used to make tendons, skin, blood vessels and ligaments. So, vitamin C does quite a bit more than simply helping your immune system function properly.

Additionally, and most importantly regarding skin care, vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. An antioxidant is a nutrient that fights and blocks damage done due to free radicals. Your body naturally creates free radicals as it breaks food down or when you are exposed to environmental dangers such as smoke. Free radicals are being researched for their role in conditions such as cancer, heart disease and arthritis. The buildup of free radicals is what is largely responsible for the aging process.

Why is Vitamin C an Important Ingredient in Skin Care?
Vitamin C offers excellent antioxidant protection by shielding the skin from the damage caused by free radicals, rogue molecules which lead to premature aging of the skin. Here is a list of what using a skin care ingredient containing vitamin C can do:

  • Boosting the skin’s defense against UV exposure
  • Reducing irritation and inflammation
  • Boosting healthy collagen production
  • Fading post-breakout red marks
  • Increasing the effectiveness of sunscreens
  • Reducing the presence of sun damage and brown spots

When you look for ingredients with vitamin C, it may be helpful to look for ascorbic acid or L-ascorbic acid. This is backed by proper research, and offers more benefits of the skin than any other form of the vitamin. For that reason, ascorbic acid is most used in well-formulated skin care products. Look for skin care products that use either 15 to 25 percent ascorbic acid to see the maximum benefit in reduction of age spots and other damage.

Vitamin C applied topically, as described above, is a great way to incorporate this ingredient into your healthy skin care routine. You can also receive benefits of vitamin C by incorporating fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet. Fruits such as kiwis, oranges and grapefruits are high in vitamin C as are sweet potatoes and red and green peppers. Vitamin C is an important ingredient for both a healthy body and radiant looking skin.

Top Summer Skin Care Ingredients – Vine Vera Reviews

Summer is seriously just around the corner and it is time to start re-evaluating your skin care routine. Sure, you may need some of the same products you use year-round, but summer skin does have a certain set of needs to be aware of. Here are a few of the most beneficial summer skin care ingredients to be on the lookout for.

Woman applying sunscreen.

Sun Protection
You knew we were going to say something about sun protection and sunscreen. And, you also know that you should be applying sun protection to both your face and body no matter what season it is. However, if you don’t follow the rule of year-round sun care, it is especially important to look for ingredients aimed at sun protection during the summer. The sun is out more frequently, the days last longer and you have more skin exposed in warmer weather, all of which add up to the fact that sun protection is an absolute necessity. Two of the most common skin care ingredients to watch for include titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.

Oranges rolling out of a medicine bottle. Vitamin C Concept.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is another skin care ingredient that is majorly beneficial during the entire year, but especially so during the summer. Vitamin C, when applied topically, aids in collagen formation and growth which helps keep your skin supple and radiant. Additionally, the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology published a study online that states vitamin C also helps prevent the formation of sunburn cells. Still, these are not the only benefits in using a skin care formulation that includes vitamin C: other benefits include improved skin elasticity, reduction of fine lines and visible improvements against photo-damaged skin (discolored skin).

Hot coffee in a cup with coffee beans scattered on the table. q

Caffeine
You may have noticed that caffeine is becoming an increasingly popular ingredient when it comes to skin care. There are a few reasons for this and the most relevant reason with regards to summer skin care includes the fact that caffeine has a sunscreen effect when applied topically. While caffeine mimics sunscreen and provide a bit of added protection, it is not a substitute for traditional sun protection. In addition, recent studies have found that when used on cells that had UV damage, caffeine was able to destroy the damaged cells without any harm to the surrounding healthy cells.

BHA representation.

Beta-Hydroxy Acid (BHAs)
Alpha hydroxy and beta hydroxy acids are beneficial chemical exfoliants, but when summer rolls around it is usually advised to stick with a beta hydroxy acid exfoliant than AHAs. This is because many AHAs, such as glycolic or lactic acids, increase the skin’s sensitivity to the sun and BHAs do not. Using a BHA is helpful during summer because the warmer weather tends to lead to increased sebum (oil) production and a BHA exfoliant helps to clear pores of sebum and other debris such as dead skin cells.

Another important thing to remember during summer when it comes to skin care is to drink plenty of liquids. Not only does water help prevent your body from becoming dehydrated, it also helps keep your skin hydrated as well.