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What is Vitamin A

Vitamin A Infographic

Vitamin A is an essential vitamin for your body to function properly and healthily. The benefits of vitamin A range from younger looking skin to better vision. Check out the comprehensive information on vitamin A that you need to know.

What is Vitamin A?
Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds that are responsible for the maintenance or regulation of various parts/and or functions of the human body. This fat-soluble vitamin is stored in your liver and there are two types of dietary vitamin A: preformed vitamin A and pro-vitamin A. Preformed vitamin A is available in seafood, meat, poultry and dairy food while pro-vitamin A is found in plant-based foods. The most common type of pro-vitamin A found in fruits and vegetables is beta-carotene. You may also get vitamin A from dietary supplements such as beta-carotene or retinyl palmitate.

The U.S. National Library of Medicine states “[v]itamin A helps form and maintain teeth, healthy skin, mucous membranes and skeletal and soft tissues. It is also known as retinol because it produces the pigments in the retina of the eye.”

Forms of Vitamin A
There are many forms of vitamin A and its derivatives, but the major forms of vitamin A are:

  • Retinol – The entire vitamin A molecule
  • Retinal – Form of vitamin A largely involved in eye health
  • Retinoic Acid – Vitamin A molecule broken down
  • Dehydroretinol – Vitamin A2
  • Carotenes – These include alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and gamma-carotene

Skin Benefits of Vitamin A
Vitamin A is capable of a great many things and some of these relate to helping you achieve healthy, beautiful skin. There are several ways in which your skin benefits from vitamin A:

  • Supports Skin Health and Cellular Growth – Vitamin A is essential for your skin to heal itself and it increases the rate of wound healing. Additionally, vitamin A helps you to re-grow healthy skin cells and promotes a healthy cellular membrane. You are probably aware that vitamin A is frequently used for anti-aging purposes. Collagen is one of the greatest skin ingredients to reduce the visible signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles, and vitamin A increases your collagen production.
  • Anti-Inflammatory – Vitamin A is full of antioxidants that fight free radical damage and works to decrease any inflammation in your skin. Vitamin A also normalizes your blood flow to help reduce signs of rosacea.
  • Helps Prevent Cancer – There is evidence suggesting that vitamin A helps prevent several types of cancer including oral, lung, skin and breast cancers. A part of why vitamin A may be helpful in preventing skin cancer is that it helps your body eradicate any pre-cancerous skin lesions.

Foods Rich in Vitamin A
Your diet is one of the best sources of vitamin A. Orange and yellow vegetables have high amounts of vitamin A as do dark, leafy greens. You can also receive vitamin A from meat, fish, poultry and dairy sources. Some of the absolute best dietary sources of vitamin A are:

  • Carrots – 21384 IU/one cup serving
  • Sweet Potatoes – 18443 IU/one whole sweet potato
  • Beef Liver – 14363 IU/four ounce serving
  • Kale – 6693 IU/one cup serving
  • Spinach 2813/one cup serving

When it comes to healthy bodily maintenance and functioning, vitamin A is a superstar. Diet is an important aspect of meeting your daily recommended value of vitamin A, but there are also dietary supplements available. For the best skin benefits, there are tons of topical products ranging from cleansers to prescription treatments that help your skin look its absolute best. Next time you’re at your local market, be sure to stock up on some (or all) of the above foods to reap the benefits that vitamin A bestows on your body.

Why Your Skin Craves Vitamin A

Woman applying eye serum.

Vitamin A is an important ingredient if your want to have your skin looking healthy, radiant and clear. You may already be using products that contain vitamin A and you might not know it. Vitamin A is more commonly referred to as retinol when it comes to skin care. Below, check out what forms of vitamin A are available and why your skin craves this skin care ingredient.

Forms of Vitamin A
When it comes to vitamin A, there are three major derivatives and the terms are often used interchangeably. Although many use the terms to refer to vitamin A, there are subtle, but important differences.

Retinol – Retinol is the most widely recognized form of vitamin A and is readily available in cosmetic products. Retinol is the entire vitamin A molecule and as such, it can be broken down into a variety of potent compounds. Skin care experts explain, “[r]etinol is a cosmetic ingredient that any cosmetic company can include in its products. It does not require a prescription. Retinol is effective because when it gets absorbed in the skin, it gets broken down into retinoic acid. Retinoic acid is the compound which can affect your skin cells and their behavior.” Retinol is an excellent ingredient for helping your skin reduce signs of aging.

Retinoids – Retinoids are a class of chemical compounds that are derivatives of vitamin A or are closely related in chemical structure. Retinoids are primarily used in the treatment of acne and aging, but there are other skin conditions that benefit from the use of retinoids. Inflammatory skin disorders, psoriasis and photoaging are conditions that can benefit from the use of retinoids.

Tretinoin – Tretinoin is retinoic acid that is available in prescription form. The most frequent use for topical tretinoin prescriptions is acne control. This retinoic acid manages acne by promoting the peeling of skin to reveal newer, healthier skin. Additionally, tretinoin deep cleans and unclogs pores while also reducing sebum (oil) production. While tretinoin is usually used as an acne treatment, it is also the first retinoid approved by the FDA to treat wrinkles.

“All forms of retinol have similar, although not identical, functions and provide truly impressive results for skin, which explains their popularity in the world of skin care,” note experts.

How to Give Your Skin the Vitamin A it Craves
The first place to begin with making sure your skin is getting plenty of vitamin A is to include foods that are rich in vitamin A in your diet. Sweet potatoes, butternut squash, carrots, romaine lettuce, dark, leafy greens such as kale and sweet red peppers are all foods that provide high amounts of vitamin A. Seafood like salmon, sturgeon, mackerel and oysters are also a great addition to your diet if you are looking to increase your vitamin A intake.

Next, using topical vitamin A products helps keep your skin looking and feeling happy. Many forms of vitamin A, retinol and its derivatives (retinyl acetate, retinyl palmitate, retinaldehyde to name a few) are widely available in cosmetic products including face cleansers, toners, moisturizing creams, face masks and serums. For more serious skin problems, like severe acne, tretinoin and other retinoids are available in prescription form.

No single ingredient can magically cure all of your skin concerns, but vitamin A does provide many significant benefits. Vitamin A, in any form, gently exfoliates your skin, repairs the cellular structure of the epidermis and promotes healthy cellular membranes. It is important to note the while the benefits of vitamin A are undeniable, you should proceed with caution when beginning to use topical forms of vitamin A. Most people experience increased redness, flaking and irritated skin when first beginning a topical vitamin A regimen. Allow your skin to become used to the ingredient by using every other day at first and be sure that other products you’re putting on your face (cleanser, toners, etc…) are gentle on your skin to avoid increased irritation. Vitamin A is an important ingredient in a healthy skin care routine and is a widely available ingredient.

Skin Care Ingredients that Make Skin Happy

There are constant breakthroughs and improvements when it comes to skin care and it seems there’s always a hot new miracle ingredient. Some of these skin care ingredients are more of a fad than anything, but others are truly incredible ingredients. The three ingredients below have all been in the skin care spotlight for some time, and with good reasons. These skin care ingredients are staples for healthy, happy skin.

Hyaluronic acid chemical formula.

Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic acid is a substance that occurs naturally in the body and it is responsible for the regulation of cell renewal and maintaining the moisture and elasticity of your skin. Skin care products that contain hyaluronic acid are beneficial to all skin types, but they may have the most profound effects on dry skin. Hyaluronic acid is a humectant and when applied topically, it not only adds moisture to the skin, but it creates a moisture barrier on the skin that keeps the moisture from leaving the skin. Because hyaluronic acid is able to hold up to 1,000 times its own weight in water, it is incredible for keeping skin hydrated. Recently, hyaluronic acid has been making news as the hot new injectable. When used as an injectable, hyaluronic acid smooths out wrinkles. While hyaluronic acid applied topically does help to “plump” and soften the appearance of wrinkles, the molecule is too large to fully penetrate into your skin and eliminate fine lines and wrinkles.

Peptides
Peptides are a cell-communicating skincare ingredients. These segments of active proteins alert your skin to act in particular ways, one of which is to signal the skin to increase production of elastin. Elastin keeps your skin plump and gives it its ability to bounce back. Additionally, peptides are beneficial in helping skin heal itself after an injury or wound. Peptides are an important anti-aging ingredient that can help minimize the appearance of wrinkles because one of the things they can communicate to cells is the signal to relax facial muscles. They also are helpful in stimulating collagen production, helping to fight fine lines and wrinkles.

Vitamin A chemical formula.

Retinol
Retinol is an active form of the vitamin A molecule and it is one of the greatest skin care ingredients that you can use. This vitamin A derivative is a powerful exfoliant that encourages your skin to shed layers to turn over younger, healthier skin cells. The use of retinols as a skin care ingredient can improve skin firmness, reverse visible signs of sun and environmental damage, reduce hyperpigmentation and dark circles, treat acne and improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. In addition to those amazing benefits, retinols also increase natural production of hyaluronic acid and collagen, which keeps skin smooth and supple. When buying products containing retinol, it’s important to pay attention to the packaging. Light and air can degrade retinols, so look for opaque packaging with a pump to preserve its integrity.

These skincare ingredients are beneficial to all skin types and they are most effective when used as part of a healthy skincare routine. Be sure to cleanse your face, tone (if necessary) and hydrate frequently. Drinking plenty of water and eating a healthy diet will also significantly improve your skin, making these skincare ingredients even more effective. Look for products that contain these ingredients to keep your skin radiant, glowing and happy.

Level Up Your Skin Care Ingredients

The various vitamins, minerals and antioxidants your skin needs to be it’s healthiest come in a variety of forms. For instance, retinol (vitamin A) comes in many forms ranging from retinyl palmitate to tretinoin. Figuring out which form of a specific ingredient you need is tricky business, and ultimately will depend on your skin and it’s needs. However, we have a bit of a guide here that explains the different forms of ingredients and how they may, or may not, be what you want to look for in your skin care.

Chemical formula of Vitamin A on a blackboard

Vitamin A
Vitamin A, or retinol, has long been considered one of the most effective skin care ingredients in the fight against aging. Additionally, there are numerous acne treatments that harness the power of retinol. According to skin experts, retinol can be broken into certain potent compounds known as retinoids. Vitamin A, retinol and retinoids are terms that are usually used interchangeably, but each has its own regulations and distinctions. Retinol is labeled as a cosmetic ingredient and can be used in any formulations. The other forms of retinol that are rated as cosmetic-grade and can therefore be used in any formulation include retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate and retinaldehyde.

Which one is right for you? It depends on your skin and your needs. Basically, in order to be effective retinol must be broken down into retinoic acid to be most effective to your skin. Retinoids, then, must be broken down from retinyl acetate to retinol to retinoic acid. Retinoic acid in these forms are mostly used in over-the-counter skin products. For severe skin issues, consult a doctor or dermatologist about the use of prescrition retinoids such as adapalene, tazarotene and tretinoin.

Sliced oranges.

Vitamin C
Another vitamin with tons of skin benefits is vitamin C. The “best” form of vitamin C is ascorbic acid (or L-ascorbic acid). Perhaps because this form of vitamin C has the most research on skin benefits, this is the form of vitamin C that most frequently appears in well-formulated skin care products. Ascorbic acid helps produce new and younger looking skin and fades problems like sun damage or post-acne marks.

Other forms of vitamin C include ascorbyl palmitate, sodium ascorbyl phosphate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, retinyl ascorbate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphates. These are all derivatives of vitamin C that come with their own unique benefits, but largely include the repair and protection of free radical damage.

Chemical formula of vitamin B3.

Vitamin B
There are many types of vitamin B that are included in skin care and beauty products, many of which are used to treat specific skin care concerns. Vitamin B3 is also known as nicotinic acid and niacinamide and is a form of vitamin B to look into if you require skin care that focuses on anti-aging properties.

Vitamin B5 is another common ingredient in skin care and is also referred to as pantothenic acid. Pantothenic acid may help with acne issues and has been proven to provide hydration and healing properties to the skin. Panthenol is the alcohol form of pantothenic acid and is a frequent addition to beauty formulas for its humectant properties. It improves the barrier function of the skin and helps improve the cells responsible for creating collagen.

The cosmetic and beauty industry is an ever-changing business always featuring new technology and improved ingredients. Ultimately, the forms of ingredients that you desire will depend on the needs your skin has. However, with a little help from Vine Vera, you can get started on discerning what ingredient forms are best for you.

Top Ingredients for Your Skin Type

The major skin types that people have include normal, dry, oily and combination. Normal skin is the most rare while oily can be the most difficult to remedy through topically applied products. Using the proper skin care ingredients for your skin type helps give you the clear, beautiful skin you want.

Vine-Vera-Top-Ingredients-for-Your-Skin-Type-Normal-Skin

Normal
Normal skin is the exception rather than the rule, and many people who have normal skin deal with normal skin plus a concern or two. You most likely have normal skin if your skin is not oily or dry and if you do get small spots of oily or dry skin they are quick and easy to remedy. Normal skin has a fairly even skin tone with no major brown or red spots and your pores are neither invisible nor enlarged.

The best way to care for normal skin is to avoid products labeled for other skin types: oily skin care products will be too drying while dry skin care products will have too much moisture. Look for products with gentle, but effective ingredients. Antioxidants are important ingredients for all skin types, and normal skin benefits from vitamins A, C and E. Though normal skin is not oily, you still need to exfoliate normal skin regularly to remove any dead skin cells or other debris that may accumulate. The best exfoliant for normal skin is an alpha hydroxy acid, which is a gentle chemical exfoliant. An AHA exfoliant also reduces the appearance of wrinkles and increases collagen production.

Cosmetic cream and strawberries on a wooden table.

Dry
The common perception is that dry skin suffers from a lack of moisture, but this is not entirely true. Rather, dry skin has lost its ability to maintain normal levels of moisture as the skin’s barrier response has been weakened. To best take care of dry skin, it is important to look for ingredients that help the skin to retain a healthy water balance. Rid your skin care routine of anything that contains a rough scrub, use your fingers rather than a harsh cleansing brush and drying ingredients such as alcohol.

Dry skin requires some extra attention and delicate care. Many times those with dry skin can skip cleansing altogether as soaps, particularly in bar form, can be incredibly drying. Splash some warm water over your face and cleanse using a gentle AHA exfoliant. Look for moisturizers packed with antioxidants such as vitamin E and consider the use of intensive serums or plant oils. Plant oils such as jojoba and olive oils can be extremely helpful to dry skin.

Woman cleansing her face.

Oily
Oily skin is perhaps the hardest type of skin to deal with because it is caused by hormones which are genetically determined. The hormones responsible for oil production are androgens and while they are considered the “male hormone,” they are present in both males and females. You have oily skin if your face becomes shiny about two hours after cleansing and continues to become increasingly “greasy” throughout the day. Additionally, people with oily skin often have enlarged pores due to the increase in oil production.

While it may seem like a good idea to dry out oily skin, this can make your skin produce even more oil. Rather than using harsh ingredients like alcohol, look for gentle cleansers with ingredients such as salicylic acid. This helps combat oil, and any resulting acne, without being too drying on the skin. Use of a toner after cleansing can help oily skin and looking for one with antioxidants such as vitamin C (ascorbic acid) can provide great benefits. Be sure to exfoliate and again salicylic acid, or BHA exfoliant, is great for clearing away dead skin cells and unclogging pores.

Witch Hazel

Combination
Combination skin is difficult for people to deal with and recognize. Combination skin occurs when you face two or more skin types at one time. Often, some part of the skin is dry and flaky while other parts of the skin are oily. Generally, this manifests as an oily T-zone, where the forehead, nose and chin are oilier than the rest of the face.

Use a gentle cleanser and avoid bar soaps for combination skin. Again, look for a toner but be sure that it does not include any irritating ingredients such as citrus oils, alcohols or witch hazel. Salicylic acid is a great ingredient and can be used as a regular exfoliant to keep the T-zone clean and clear. If your skin is particularly dry, then you may want to skip the BHA (salicylic acid) toner and switch to an AHA exfoliant. Use heavy moisturizers or anti-acne medications as spot treatments rather than applying to the entire face.

Treating your unique skin type with the ingredients that it needs ensures you have the healthiest skin possible. Remember to use sunscreen daily no matter what type of skin you have as it provides necessary protection against harmful UV rays. A regular routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps all skin types stay looking youthful and radiant.

Antioxidants to Boost Immunity – Vine Vera Reviews

Antioxidants are a highly popular topic when it comes to health and beauty and with good reason. These food and skin care ingredients really do help in a large variety of ways from protecting your immune health to helping you look younger. There are several ways to use antioxidants in order to boost your immunity. The most common way for people to get antioxidants to improve immune functioning is through their diet. A healthy, well-balanced diet often provides all the antioxidants you need for proper immune functioning. However, there are supplements designed to pack an extra punch with antioxidants. Following, we’ve compiled a brief list of the most recognized antioxidants to look for when it comes to boosting your immunity.

Broccoli on a wooden board.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C as an antioxidant fights free radicals that attack your body daily. According to a paper published on the National Center for Biotechnology Information, vitamin C deficiencies lead to reduced resistance against pathogens, while an increase in supply can enhance certain immune system parameters. The paper further states “With regard to the common cold different studies including meta-analyses underline that the prophylactic intake of vitamin C may slightly reduce the duration of the illness in healthy persons…”

Foods that are high in vitamin C include many citrus fruits such as grapefruits, oranges and kiwis. Other foods rich in the antioxidant vitamin C include:

  • Kale
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Tomatoes
  • Red, yellow or green peppers

Sliced papaya on a plate.

Vitamin E
Another important antioxidant to help boost your immune system is vitamin E. Vitamin E is essential to immune functioning because it signals the germ/bacteria/virus killer cells to target foreign or harmful substances and destroy these cells. Additionally, vitamin E stimulates the production of B cells which create antibodies to fight diseases. Foods that are high in vitamin E include:

  • Broccoli
  • Leafy greens such as chard and spinach
  • Nuts
  • Red peppers
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Papaya

Lobster dish with seafood dressings.

Selenium
Selenium is an important antioxidant that increases natural killer cells and that enhances the results of vitamin E in the body. In addition, selenium is a powerful antioxidant in the fight against cancer because it mobilizes cancer-fighting cells and reduces damage due to chemical carcinogens and radiation. Selenium also boosts your immune response to infections and helps your body form blood clots. To get more selenium in your diet consider these foods:

  • Eggs
  • Tuna
  • Lobster
  • Shrimp
  • Nuts
  • Chicken
  • Cheese
  • Whole grains

Closeup of a ripe peach.

Vitamin A
Carotenoids are also an important immune-boosting antioxidant. When your body requires vitamin A it converts beta-carotene into vitamin A, but otherwise allows carotenoids to be free to fight free radicals. Beta-carotene is  important to your immune system because it interferes with the oxidation of fat and cholesterol in your blood stream. When you want to increase your intake of beta-carotene, look for brightly colored foods such as:

  • Carrots
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Pumpkin
  • Squash
  • Peaches
  • Apricots
  • Cantaloupe

Varying your diet helps provide your body with the nutrients it needs and including antioxidants helps to boost your immune system. Before beginning any new diet or taking supplements, it is always a good idea to consult with your doctor first.

Most Important Skin Care Ingredients – Vine Vera Reviews

You take care of your job, your kids, your significant other and tons of other obligations. With all that you do it can be incredibly difficult to find the time to take care of yourself and your skin. Some nights you may not even have enough energy to wash your face. Vine Vera believes that if you choose beauty and skin care products that contain certain ingredients, you can easily take care of your skin. These ingredients help you achieve maximum beauty benefits with minimal effort.

The formula of Vitamin B3 on a blackboard.

Niacinamide
Niacinamide has several names by which it is called. Most products use the word niacinamide on the label, though this ingredient is also known at vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid. Niacinamide is an important skin care ingredient that communicates with your cells. This beneficial skin care ingredient has multiple benefits for your skin. It can improve skin’s elasticity, revive your skin tone, even out your skin texture, lighten discoloration and increase the skin’s barrier function. Niacinamide increases the levels of ceramide and fatty acids in your skin, which helps your skin to retain water. In addition to all of these benefits from this one ingredient, current research is being conducted to test whether niacinamide can help lessen acne.

Woman looking at her bottle of sunscreen.

Titanium Dioxide
Chances are you now own at least one product that already contains titanium dioxide. Titanium dioxide is one of the most popular minerals used for sun protection. Before titanium dioxide goes into skin care products and cosmetics, it is purified to remove contaminants such as iron and lead. Often, you will find that titanium dioxide is present in mineral sunscreens along with zinc oxide. Sun protection factor (SPF) is an often skipped but crucial step in any beauty routine. You should use sunscreen, or products containing sunscreen such as your facial moisturizer, 365 days of the year. Ideally, you would apply products containing titanium dioxide on your body as well. It goes without saying that titanium dioxide is one of the best skin care ingredients as it protects your skin from UV damage, which can result in sun spots, premature aging and skin cancer.

Hand drawing the chemical formula of hyaluronic acid.

Hyaluronic Acid
We’ve already discussed this essential skin care ingredient but it bears repeating. Applied topically, hyaluronic acid smooths and softens your skin by creating a moisture barrier. Because hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance in your body, it is less likely to be rejected as a foreign substance. Hyaluronic acid is an excellent ingredient in beauty products such as moisturizers and eye creams. This ingredient is also the top choice among dermatologists and plastic surgeons as a wrinkle filler. Hyaluronic acid is injected into the skin and plumps fine lines and wrinkles.

Woman enjoying a milk bath.

AHA/BHA
Alpha hydroxy and beta hydroxy acids are organic acids that work to exfoliate your skin. AHAs differ as skin ingredients. The most popular AHAs are glycolic acid, lactic acid and malic acids. BHA for beauty purposes refers exclusively to salicylic acid. Both of these organic acids work as gentle exfoliants on your skin. AHAs are water soluble, making it great for individuals with normal to dry skin while BHA is oil soluble which can help with oil production and acne.

Vitamin icons circulating around a woman's head

Retinol
Retinol is an active form of vitamin A. Retinol helps skin increase the production of both collagen and hyaluronic acid, both of which leave the skin supple and smooth feeling. Additionally, retinol encourages new, young skin cells to turnover and replace dead, unhealthy skin cells. Retinol also contains exfoliating properties. In addition to all of this, retinol also improves the firmness of your skin, treats acne, reverses damage from the sun and environment and decreases hyperpigmentation, dark under eye circles, fine lines and wrinkles.

The best thing about these skin care ingredients is that they are often combined in products. This means that with one face cream you will get all of the benefits of each ingredient, without having to slather on a ton of product or taking a long time to get ready in the morning.

Best Ingredients for Mom’s Skin – Vine Vera Reviews

We know that your mother is gorgeous. However, most women are constantly looking to improve their appearance or find new skin care and beauty products to try. Giving your mother a skin care item or new beauty product can be a bit tricky. Sure you guys probably resemble each other, but you might have completely opposite skin types. We’ve rounded up some popular skin care ingredient all-stars that benefit nearly every skin type.

Woman applying sunscreen in a beach.

SPF 
By now everybody is well aware of the dangers that UV rays pose to the skin, facial and body. People of all ages and skin types should be wearing something that contains some level of sun protection factor (SPF). Ideally, sunscreen should be worn everyday on both face and body but many people skip this step. Give mom a product, such as a day cream, that contains an SPF so she can get maximum skin benefits with minimal work.

Chemical formula of retinol in a blue background

Retinol
Retinol is excellent for a large variety of skin types and addresses numerous skin care concerns. Essentially, retinol helps your skin turn over faster and generate healthier skin cells. In addition, retinol has been shown to increase collagen in the skin resulting in firmer skin with a more even texture. There is a large variety of skin care products containing retinol from eye creams to topical retinol gels. An eye cream with retinol is a great gift because everyone, at all ages, can benefit from an eye cream.

Oranges and lemon juice on a kitchen top.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C does more than help boost the functioning of your immune system, it also enhances the skin in several ways. Inflammation is reduced by vitamin C and your skin is better able to handle exposure to the sun. Vitamin C also increases collagen production, lightens skin discolorations and improves both the skin’s barrier response and repair process. A vitamin C serum is a great gift for mom’s who want firmer skin with fewer wrinkles.

Red wine and red grapes on a wooden table.

Resveratrol
This antioxidant has been a popular topic among skin care and beauty experts in the past few years. Resveratrol has multiple protective benefits for your skin. It is a stable antioxidant with incredible benefits like reducing skin damage, providing protection against sun damage and improves the synthesis of collagen. Finding a product with resveratrol, such as a facial toner, is a great way to help your mom’s skin look it’s very best.

Different types of ceramides in a white background.

Ceramides
Ceramides are naturally occurring in your body and account for nearly 20% of your skin’s intercellular matrix. The intercellular matrix is essentially what holds all of your skin cells together. Because of this function, ceramides help maintain your appearance while also adding protection against things such as sun damage, irritation from other products or a severely dry environment. When you give your mother a skin care product containing ceramides, you are giving her a product that helps skin look and act younger.

Even though skin types and concerns are widely different, these skin care ingredients benefit just about every type of skin there is. Many times you will be able to find a product that contains several of these awesome ingredients, giving it a more powerful effect. Help mom look her best with these skin care ingredients.

The Truth About Combining Vitamins A and C – Vine Vera Reviews

If you thought you could not combine vitamins A and C in your skin care, it’s time to think again. Vitamin A and vitamin C, contrary to popular myths, actually work incredibly well together and are a fantastic combination for anti-aging among other skin care benefits.

Vitamin A infused skin care product.

Vitamin A (Retinol)
There are two sources from which vitamin A comes:  preformed retinoids and provitamin carotenoids. Retinoids are naturally occurring in animal sources and carotenoids are found in darker or yellow vegetables and carrots. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and is an incredibly common ingredient in skin care. Retinol is a cell-communicating ingredient and skin care experts believe that this indicates that when the retinol gets absorbed into the skin, it can dictate terms to living cells to create healthier and younger cells and also to enhance the production of new skin cells. Retinol works to increase cell turnover from deep layers of the skin.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Your body requires vitamin C to produce collagen in your bones, cartilage, muscles and blood vessels. This water-soluble vitamin is a potent antioxidant that shields skin from damaging free radicals. One of the most common uses for vitamin C in skin care is to reduce the appearance of aging or sun spots by lightening them. It also decreases skin inflammation and irritation and boosts collagen. Ascorbic acid is the most beneficial form of vitamin C and is a common ingredient in many skin care products.

Woman applying vitamin C serum on her skin.

Why Vitamin A and Vitamin C Should be Used Together
There popular myth that has been perpetuated in skin care is that vitamin A and vitamin C should not be used together. Many skin care experts turn this falsehood into a compelling reason as to why you should mix vitamin A and vitamin C. Vitamin C is known to require a low pH in order to remain stable. It is also known that retinol works best in an acidic environment. Now, as the pH level of your skin is naturally acidic, research shows us that there is a clear case where combining retinol and vitamin C makes total sense.

Scientific research in the beauty industry has proven that the most effective products are those that include combinations of vitamins. One of the most common, and beneficial, combinations of vitamins is that of vitamins A, C and E. As previously mentioned, vitamin C is incredibly effective at fighting free radicals. When vitamin C does this, vitamin A is protected from oxidation as it penetrates deeper layers of skin. This process leads to an increase in the anti-aging benefits of retinol.

Though there has been a lot of talk about why certain vitamins should not be mixed, the vitamin A and C myth is just not true. In fact, the combination of these two vitamins provides an array of skin care benefits from anti-aging to fighting harmful free radicals. When shopping for your next effective anti-aging cream or serum, look for the ingredients retinol and ascorbic (or L-ascorbic) acid to achieve maximum results from your skin care products.

More Antioxidants = Better Skin – Vine Vera Reviews

You know the most important tenants of skin care:  keep your skin clean and hydrated, protect your skin from the sun, avoid excess alcohol and do not smoke. Even if you maintain all of these at all times, you are bound to run into occasional skin concerns such as blemishes, dullness or signs of aging. While you can never completely eradicate issues like wrinkles, advancements in skin care have given experts a better understanding as to what additional measures can be taken to help improve the clarity, tone and texture of your skin. Of these advancements, none have received the amount of attention that antioxidants have. Antioxidants are chemicals that prevent and/or slow cell damage. Antioxidants combat free radicals, which is important because it reduces oxidative stress. Oxidative stress doesn’t just affect how your skin looks, it can actually lead to diseases such as cancer, arthritis and macular degeneration.

Antioxidants can be found naturally in fruits, vegetables and some seafood. Most commonly, it is vitamins A, C and E antioxidants beta-carotene and lycopene that are found as dietary antixoidants. Antioxidants can also be produced artificially to be taken in the form of a supplement. With so many antioxidant supplements and sources, it can be an overwhelming task to figure out what antioxidants will benefit your skin. Luckily, Vine Vera Cosmetics has done the work for you and below you will find the antioxidants cited as most beneficial.

A happy woman holding an orange in her hand.

Vitamin C
Also commonly known as ascorbic acid, Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. Vitamin C helps in the fight against skin problems such as wrinkles, dullness, dark spots and sun damage. Applied topically, Vitamin C has been proven to reduce skin discoloration, reduces inflammation, increases collagen production, helps the skin’s repair process and leaves the skin better able to withstand the sun. Vitamin C is available in a range of products, though the most beneficial of these tend to be serums dedicated to skin brightening or targeted treatments.

Woman drinking resveratrol-rich red wine from a wine glass.

Resveratrol
Resveratrol is an antioxidant found in red grapes, red wine and nuts fruits such as cranberries, blueberries. This antioxidant has powerful productive properties for your skin. If you apply resveratrol topically, you help to increase collagen production, protect your skin from sun damage and reduce the amount of damage to your skin cells. One common underlying problem of skin issues is inflammation and resveratrol has anti-inflammatory properties. Look for resveratrol in anti-aging makeup products and moisturizers.

Woman applying a retinol-rich cream on her face.

Retinol
The entire Vitamin A molecule is known as retinol. Retinol is both a powerful antioxidant and a cell-communicating ingredient. To get maximum skin care results from retinol, it should be used on a regular basis. Retinol has been touted as an incredible anti-aging antioxidant, but it has also been shown to help reduce breakouts, skin discoloration and the appearance of acne scars. One of the greatest skin benefits of retinol is its ability to create firmer skin, more even textured skin. Retinol is found in multiple skin care products such as topical gels, moisturizers, serums and body lotion.

You don’t have to pick and choose what results you want and find products with only that antioxidant. The great thing is that antioxidants work even better together. Regular application of antioxidant skin care and sunscreen will help reduce many skin care problems.