Tag Archives: Titanium Dioxide

Best and Worst Sunscreen Ingredients

You know you need to apply sunscreen every day to protect against damage from the sun’s harmful UV rays. You may even be an individual that dutifully applies sunscreen before heading outside no matter what season it is. However, there are some ingredients in sunscreens that could be doing more harm than good. We’ve rounded up a list of the very worst sunscreen ingredients that you should avoid at all costs, and their counterparts, the very best and beneficial sunscreen ingredients.

Worst Sunscreen Ingredients

Chemical formula of Oxybenzone

Oxybenzone
Oxybenzone is almost always number one of the list of ingredients you should be avoiding when it comes to your sunscreen. This ingredient is in your sunscreen because it is a chemical that helps other chemicals penetrate the skin more effectively. However, while it does help other ingredients penetrate the skin, it also absorbs into the skin and can create allergic reactions or eczema-like symptoms. Unfortunately, that isn’t the worst of what oxybenzone does. Skin care experts and doctors believe that oxybenzone circulates in your system and mimics, blocks and changes the level of hormones in your body.

Octinoxate
This is one of the most common ingredients in sunscreen and like oxybenzone, it helps other chemicals be absorbed by your skin. Unlike oxybenzone, octinoxate is rarely a cause of allergic reactions, but it is still a dangerous ingredient. Most people wear sun protection in order to prevent signs of premature aging, but octinoxate may enhance premature aging as it creates free radicals. Additionally, octinoxate is another sunscreen ingredient that disrupts the hormone levels in the body.

Chemical formula of  Retinyl Palmitate

Retinyl Palmitate
Also known as Vitamin A, this ingredient is an antioxidant added to sunscreens. And while antioxidants are generally great for your skin, there is a major problem when it comes to retinyl palmitate. When this antioxidant is exposed to the sun, it breaks down and creates dangerous free radicals. Free radicals are destructive and may be linked to cancer as they are toxic to cells and damage your DNA. In fact, studies conducted by the Food and Drug Administration suggest that retinyl palmitate can accelerate the development of malignant cells and skin tumors.

Best Sunscreen Ingredients

Woman applying sunscreen

Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide is a common ingredient in physical sunscreens. It is an inorganic compound that protects mainly against UVA rays. When used in a sunscreen, zinc oxide is a very finely milled powder and famously results in the white cast that physical sunscreens often leave.

Woman pouring sunscreen in her hands.

Titanium Dioxide
Titanium dioxide is the other most common ingredient in physical sunscreens. It is also widely used in the cosmetic industry and has a variety of uses. The reason that titanium dioxide is most helpful in sunscreens is that it actually absorbs UV rays produced by the sun. It is a highly stable sunscreen ingredient that helps your skin remain protected from the sun.

It does not matter if you prefer physical or chemical sunscreen, but it should be worn before exposing yourself to the sun. When reading ingredients be sure to avoid the worst ingredients to keep yourself as healthy as possible. If using  chemical sunscreen be sure to apply 20 minutes prior to sun exposure and reapply every two hours or after immersing yourself in water. And, of course don’t forget to enjoy the sunshine (safely!).

Sunscreen Active Ingredients Explained – Vine Vera Reviews

You know that you are supposed to use sunscreen every single day even during those months where the sun is scarce. Using a sunscreen protects your skin against damage from the sun’s harmful UV rays. Damage can be in the form of sunburn, sun spots, premature wrinkles or even skin cancer. However, what you may not know is what exactly the active ingredients in sunscreen are or how they protect your skin against all of the aforementioned types of damage. We explain here what the active ingredients in sunscreens really do.

In a document that gives consumers important information about sunscreens, the Environmental Protection Agency states that “[b]road spectrum sunscreens often contain a number of chemical ingredients that absorb UVA and UVB radiation.” In addition to chemical compounds that provide sun protection, there are also physical compounds that work a bit differently and are frequently referred to as sun blocks. The physical compounds zinc oxide and titanium dioxide scatter, reflect and absorb both UVA and UVB rays.

Woman spraying sunscreen on her legs.

Chemical Sunscreens
The majority of people applying sunscreens are using a chemical sunscreen, and these are often the most recommended by skin experts. The compounds contained in chemical sunscreens are approved by the FDA include:

  • Aminobenzoic acid (PABA) – Provides minimal UVA protection extensive UVB protection.
  • Avobenzone – Provides extensive UVA protection and limited UVB protection.
  • Cinoxate – Provides limited UVA and extensive UVB protection.
  • Dioxybenzone – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Ecamsule – Provides extensive UVA protection limited UVB protection.
  • Homosalate – Provides minimal UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Menthyl anthranilate – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Octocrylene – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Octyl methoxycinnamate – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Octyl salicylate – Provides minimal UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Oxybenzone – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Padimate O – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Phenylbenzimidazole – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Sulisobenzone – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Trolamine salicylate – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.

The good news about chemical sunscreens is you do not have to worry about finding one with extensive UVA and extensive UVB protection because the vast majority of chemical sunscreens contain combinations of chemical compounds so that you are as protected as possible. This is why they are labeled as broad-spectrum sunscreens. Skin care experts suggest using an SPF of 30 (or higher) and always making sure that it provides broad-spectrum coverage.

Woman applying sunscreen on her shoulders.

Physical Sunscreens
There are currently two active ingredients approved by the FDA. They are:

  • Titanium dioxide – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Zinc oxide – Provides extensive protection from both UVA and UVB rays.

One of the reasons that these active ingredients are not as popular as their chemical counterparts is the application, the appearance and the potential for breakouts. Still, these physical ingredients are beneficial protection from both UVA and UVB rays and these work immediately upon application whereas chemical sunscreens take about 20 to 30 minutes to absorb into the skin.

Skin care experts, while often recommending chemical sunscreens, remind you that the only effective sunscreen is the one that you wear. Choose the type of sun protection that makes the most sense for your skin and your lifestyle and apply before any sun exposure.

Most Important Skin Care Ingredients – Vine Vera Reviews

You take care of your job, your kids, your significant other and tons of other obligations. With all that you do it can be incredibly difficult to find the time to take care of yourself and your skin. Some nights you may not even have enough energy to wash your face. Vine Vera believes that if you choose beauty and skin care products that contain certain ingredients, you can easily take care of your skin. These ingredients help you achieve maximum beauty benefits with minimal effort.

The formula of Vitamin B3 on a blackboard.

Niacinamide
Niacinamide has several names by which it is called. Most products use the word niacinamide on the label, though this ingredient is also known at vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid. Niacinamide is an important skin care ingredient that communicates with your cells. This beneficial skin care ingredient has multiple benefits for your skin. It can improve skin’s elasticity, revive your skin tone, even out your skin texture, lighten discoloration and increase the skin’s barrier function. Niacinamide increases the levels of ceramide and fatty acids in your skin, which helps your skin to retain water. In addition to all of these benefits from this one ingredient, current research is being conducted to test whether niacinamide can help lessen acne.

Woman looking at her bottle of sunscreen.

Titanium Dioxide
Chances are you now own at least one product that already contains titanium dioxide. Titanium dioxide is one of the most popular minerals used for sun protection. Before titanium dioxide goes into skin care products and cosmetics, it is purified to remove contaminants such as iron and lead. Often, you will find that titanium dioxide is present in mineral sunscreens along with zinc oxide. Sun protection factor (SPF) is an often skipped but crucial step in any beauty routine. You should use sunscreen, or products containing sunscreen such as your facial moisturizer, 365 days of the year. Ideally, you would apply products containing titanium dioxide on your body as well. It goes without saying that titanium dioxide is one of the best skin care ingredients as it protects your skin from UV damage, which can result in sun spots, premature aging and skin cancer.

Hand drawing the chemical formula of hyaluronic acid.

Hyaluronic Acid
We’ve already discussed this essential skin care ingredient but it bears repeating. Applied topically, hyaluronic acid smooths and softens your skin by creating a moisture barrier. Because hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance in your body, it is less likely to be rejected as a foreign substance. Hyaluronic acid is an excellent ingredient in beauty products such as moisturizers and eye creams. This ingredient is also the top choice among dermatologists and plastic surgeons as a wrinkle filler. Hyaluronic acid is injected into the skin and plumps fine lines and wrinkles.

Woman enjoying a milk bath.

AHA/BHA
Alpha hydroxy and beta hydroxy acids are organic acids that work to exfoliate your skin. AHAs differ as skin ingredients. The most popular AHAs are glycolic acid, lactic acid and malic acids. BHA for beauty purposes refers exclusively to salicylic acid. Both of these organic acids work as gentle exfoliants on your skin. AHAs are water soluble, making it great for individuals with normal to dry skin while BHA is oil soluble which can help with oil production and acne.

Vitamin icons circulating around a woman's head

Retinol
Retinol is an active form of vitamin A. Retinol helps skin increase the production of both collagen and hyaluronic acid, both of which leave the skin supple and smooth feeling. Additionally, retinol encourages new, young skin cells to turnover and replace dead, unhealthy skin cells. Retinol also contains exfoliating properties. In addition to all of this, retinol also improves the firmness of your skin, treats acne, reverses damage from the sun and environment and decreases hyperpigmentation, dark under eye circles, fine lines and wrinkles.

The best thing about these skin care ingredients is that they are often combined in products. This means that with one face cream you will get all of the benefits of each ingredient, without having to slather on a ton of product or taking a long time to get ready in the morning.

Vine Vera on Makeup Ingredients to Look For – VineVera Reviews

Woman reading the labels on the makeup in her cabinet Women have always been interested to know more about the ingredients that they slather on their faces. And with the kind of time and money being spent on skin care, it always makes sense to use cosmetic products that contain ingredients which are known to be beneficial for the skin. This helps to ensure that you offer your skin that extra boost and that you don’t end up undoing all your hard work by using ingredients that are in fact damaging your skin. There are a number of ingredients in your cosmetics and makeup products that can cause all sorts of skin issues like blemishes, serious skin irritations and more. We have already talked about these ingredients in our article titled “Makeup Ingredients to Avoid”. However, there are also a number of cosmetics and make-up products which contain ingredients that are super beneficial for your skin. Vine Vera helps you learn what the best make-up ingredients to look for are.

Zinc Oxide
Zinc Oxide is one of the best ingredients that is used in make-up products. The best part is that it is not a chemical. It is a mineral. Moreover, zinc oxide is hypoallergenic in nature. This makes it ideal for people with sensitive skin. Zinc oxide has also been attributed with the ability to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun, thereby making it a popular anti-aging ingredient. However, the best part about using zinc oxide based cosmetics is many of these cosmetics contain a special type of zinc oxide that becomes transparent when applied to the skin. As a result, you don’t look powdery in your photos.

Titanium Dioxide
Titanium Dioxide is believed to be the next best thing in the world of make-up ingredients. It is another ingredient that helps to protect the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun and it is perfect for people with sensitive skin as well.

Ceramides
Ceramides are natural compounds that are produced by your skin. When ceramides are used in cosmetics, they help to prevent the loss of moisture from the surface of your skin and also restore the natural lipid content of your skin.

Bismuth Oxychloride
Bismuth Oxychloride is one of the most controversial ingredients being used in make-up. Some believe that it causes a lot of harm, while others believe that it is beneficial to the skin. Bismuth Oxychloride is said to be a possible skin irritant, but the number of people who have a reaction are actually quite few. Bismuth Oxychloride is basically a mineral that helps out with sun protection, prevents the loss of moisture from your skin and offers sensitive and acne prone skin with a calming effect.

Peptides
Peptides are ingredients that boost the functions of all other ingredients in order to allow them to become more effective. The best kind of peptides that are used in skin care and make-up products are polypeptides and oligopeptides.

Retinyl Palmitate
Retinyl Palmitate, a form of Vitamin A, is believed to be one of the best anti-aging ingredients in the world. This powerful antioxidant is commonly used in skin care products and it is now being used in a number of make-up products as well. Vitamin A helps to boost the exfoliation of dead skin cells, prevents the development of acne and protects the skin from the signs of aging. Just make sure that your skin isn’t sensitive to the use of Vitamin A. Nothing that a patch test cannot ascertain.

Tocopheryl Acetate
Tocopheryl Acetate, also known as Vitamin E, is another antioxidant that is particularly beneficial for your skin. Tocopheryl Acetate is a popular skin soothing ingredient and it is ideal for anti-aging as well. However, the most important function of Tocopheryl Acetate is that it prevents oxidative damage and the growth of free radicals.