Tag Archives: Retinoids

Transform Dull Pasty Skin

If you’re looking a little more zombie-like than you would prefer, here are some ways you can transform your dull and pasty skin into something a bit more life affirming.

Smiling woman 1. Exfoliate
When you exfoliate, your skin reflects more light. If you’re younger than 20, your skin cells rejuvenate ever 28 days, but by the time you hit for 20’s, turnover slows to between 30 and 40 days. According to Jeannette Graf, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, “Dead skin cells pile up, diffusing the light and making skin dull. ” Exfoliate at night rather than in the morning for best results and to remove all the dirt and grime buildup from the day.

2. Use a Highlighter
Makeup artist Mally Roncal says a champagne highlighter, “looks good on anyone.” For normal to dry skin, Roncal advises using your fingers for application. “Tap up and down your cheekbones and dab whatever’s leftover on your brow bones, the center of your chin, and the tip of your nose.” If your complexion is on the oily side, you may want to dust some powder formula over those areas with a fluffy brush.

3. Allover Body Glow
To get an all over body radiance, try botanical oils instead of lotion. The lipids found in botanical oils are the same ones that are in your skin’s natural moisture barrier. Cosmetic chemist Ni’Kita Wilson recommends coconut oil. “It’s rich in fatty acids, so it gets absorbed really quickly and leaves behind a glow instead of a shine-it looks more like your skin is lit up than lotioned up.”
Roncal weighs in on the importance of an full body shine, saying, “if your face is radiant and your body is ashy, it can look jarring. Your glow will be much more believable if you highlight your body too. However, when it comes to your body, a tinted highlighter is preferable to an untinted, which is easier to blend, while still providing a healthy glow.

Woman exfoliating skin
4. Optimal Skin Care Tips
In addition to exfoliation, there are certain ingredients you should look for to give your skin that extra brilliance.

Ceramides
Although your skin has natural enzymes to slough off dead skin cells, they don’t work as well when your skin is dry. Moisturizers with ceramides can reinforce the natural barrier of your skin and help it to rejuvenate.

Retinoids
Frederic Brandt, dermatologist says, “Your skin reflects light even better when its firm.” He suggests an over the counter or prescription strength retinoid to boost production of collagen.

Vitamin C
Use this antioxidant to brighten skin and help fade dulling sun spots.

Best Exfoliators for Your Skin

For Fair, Dry, and Sensitive Skin
If your skin comes under one of these categories, you should probably go easy on the exfoliation. Your skin type is the type most likely to become irritated and prone to dryness and age spots. Dr. Brandt recommends a lactic peel once a week. Lactic acid is made of fairly large molecules, which doesn’t penetrate as deeply as harsher acids.

For Oily and Combination Skin
If you’ve got combination or oily skin, you require deeper exfoliation than other skin types. Brandt says a cleanser with salicylic acid used daily and a scrub with microbeads used once a weel are the ways to go. “The scrub sweeps aways dead cells so the salicylic acid can clean clogged pores,” he says.

For Normal Skin
Brandt says you should use a glycolic acid peel one a week if you’ve got normal skin. Says he, “it’s one of the most effective exfoliators because it penetrates deeply.”

What do you do when your glow is low? We want to know!

Why Your Skin Craves Vitamin A

Woman applying eye serum.

Vitamin A is an important ingredient if your want to have your skin looking healthy, radiant and clear. You may already be using products that contain vitamin A and you might not know it. Vitamin A is more commonly referred to as retinol when it comes to skin care. Below, check out what forms of vitamin A are available and why your skin craves this skin care ingredient.

Forms of Vitamin A
When it comes to vitamin A, there are three major derivatives and the terms are often used interchangeably. Although many use the terms to refer to vitamin A, there are subtle, but important differences.

Retinol – Retinol is the most widely recognized form of vitamin A and is readily available in cosmetic products. Retinol is the entire vitamin A molecule and as such, it can be broken down into a variety of potent compounds. Skin care experts explain, “[r]etinol is a cosmetic ingredient that any cosmetic company can include in its products. It does not require a prescription. Retinol is effective because when it gets absorbed in the skin, it gets broken down into retinoic acid. Retinoic acid is the compound which can affect your skin cells and their behavior.” Retinol is an excellent ingredient for helping your skin reduce signs of aging.

Retinoids – Retinoids are a class of chemical compounds that are derivatives of vitamin A or are closely related in chemical structure. Retinoids are primarily used in the treatment of acne and aging, but there are other skin conditions that benefit from the use of retinoids. Inflammatory skin disorders, psoriasis and photoaging are conditions that can benefit from the use of retinoids.

Tretinoin – Tretinoin is retinoic acid that is available in prescription form. The most frequent use for topical tretinoin prescriptions is acne control. This retinoic acid manages acne by promoting the peeling of skin to reveal newer, healthier skin. Additionally, tretinoin deep cleans and unclogs pores while also reducing sebum (oil) production. While tretinoin is usually used as an acne treatment, it is also the first retinoid approved by the FDA to treat wrinkles.

“All forms of retinol have similar, although not identical, functions and provide truly impressive results for skin, which explains their popularity in the world of skin care,” note experts.

How to Give Your Skin the Vitamin A it Craves
The first place to begin with making sure your skin is getting plenty of vitamin A is to include foods that are rich in vitamin A in your diet. Sweet potatoes, butternut squash, carrots, romaine lettuce, dark, leafy greens such as kale and sweet red peppers are all foods that provide high amounts of vitamin A. Seafood like salmon, sturgeon, mackerel and oysters are also a great addition to your diet if you are looking to increase your vitamin A intake.

Next, using topical vitamin A products helps keep your skin looking and feeling happy. Many forms of vitamin A, retinol and its derivatives (retinyl acetate, retinyl palmitate, retinaldehyde to name a few) are widely available in cosmetic products including face cleansers, toners, moisturizing creams, face masks and serums. For more serious skin problems, like severe acne, tretinoin and other retinoids are available in prescription form.

No single ingredient can magically cure all of your skin concerns, but vitamin A does provide many significant benefits. Vitamin A, in any form, gently exfoliates your skin, repairs the cellular structure of the epidermis and promotes healthy cellular membranes. It is important to note the while the benefits of vitamin A are undeniable, you should proceed with caution when beginning to use topical forms of vitamin A. Most people experience increased redness, flaking and irritated skin when first beginning a topical vitamin A regimen. Allow your skin to become used to the ingredient by using every other day at first and be sure that other products you’re putting on your face (cleanser, toners, etc…) are gentle on your skin to avoid increased irritation. Vitamin A is an important ingredient in a healthy skin care routine and is a widely available ingredient.

Ingredients That Help Minimize the Appearance of Pores – Vine Vera Reviews

Woman highlighting her common skin issues such as enlarged pores.

You are diligent about your skin care routine. You cleanse, hydrate and exfoliate routinely and you never sleep with makeup on. You eat a well-balanced diet with nutrients and vitamins meant to make your skin look its best. And yet you struggle with the appearance of enlarged pores. The battle seems to be never-ending. First of all, know that you are not alone in this struggle. Enlarged pores are one of the most common complaints made to dermatologists. While you can’t wave a magic wand and get rid of your pores, Vine Vera introduces you to some ingredients that, when used regularly, help to minimize the appearance of your pores.

What causes enlarged pores?
Your hormones are responsible for the regulation of glands that produce oil, also known as sebum. This sebum moves through the lining of each pore and rests on your face. With normal oil production, the movement of sebum from pore to face is seamless and imperceptible. The problem arises when your glands produce excess oil. The oil itself is not responsible for enlarged pores, it is the complications that occur with too much oil. The sebum mixes with other substances, like dead skin cells, and forms a clog in the pore. This clog is what forces the pore to become larger.

What skin care ingredients help minimize the appearance of enlarged pores?

Beta Hydroxy Acid
Salicylic acid, a BHA  that is often found in anti-acne products, in a gel or liquid form is one of the first ingredients you should look for. Products with BHA not only remove dead skin cells from the surface of your face, they also get into the pore and cleanse it. When used in a gel or liquid form, BHAs are not irritating to skin. Because BHAs exfoliate the inside of your pores, the shape of the pore is improved and oil flows much more easily.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid
Alpha hydroxy acids, like glycolic and lactic acid, work in much same way that BHAs work. They also exfoliate and remove dead skin cells and help clear pores, but they also help supply a bit of moisture. For this reason, AHAs are most beneficial to individuals with dry, sensitive skin or those who suffer from sun damage.

Retinoids
Prescription retinoids have been proven to have a positive effect on pore functioning. You may want to consider a trip to your doctor or dermatologist to talk about prescription retinol gels and creams if you have extremely stubborn skin or blackheads that are accompanied by other breakouts. Though these can be initially harsh on your skin, with regular use you will find your skin adapts. You can continue to use BHAs with retinoids if you want some extra help with your pores.

In addition to using these skin care ingredients, also be sure to check your products for items that may clog pores. Purchase items labeled as non-comedogenic as these formulations are far less likely to clog your pores. Additionally, clay masks can be a great help with minimizing the appearance of the pores if used regularly. Clay soaks up extra oil and helps to clean out your pores. Remember that good skin care does show results, it just may take some time to figure out what ingredients work best for your face.

All About Retinol

Vitamin A molecule, 2D image Retinol is one of the most famous superstars in terms of anti-aging ingredients. And the best thing is that it doesn’t just help with aging, it also helps to fight pigmentation, acne and other common skin care issues. Retinol is a Vitamin A molecule that was first introduced into the world of skin care in the year 1971. It went on to become a rage and is still known to be the most famous anti-aging ingredient till date. Since retinol  can communicate with your cells, it can also help in enhancing skin cell turnover and create healthier skin cells. Furthermore, it boosts the production of collagen and helps you to get rid of dead skin cells. Simply put, retinol is another name for Vitamin A. It is an antioxidant that helps to protect the body from damage caused by free radicals and the harmful rays of the sun. It also boosts the collagen production, thereby helping out with reducing the effects of skin aging.

Vine Vera on Things to Know about Retinol

Retinol is one of the best ingredients for your skin, but you also need to understand how to best use it. There are certain things that you should know about retinol before you begin to use it.

  • All ingredients such as Retinol, retinoic acid, etc. have the same benefits. – True and False. In most cases this statement is true. Biochemically these two things might be the same, but there is a lot of research which shows that retinol is more gentle on the skin when compared to retinoic acid. This helps to prevent irritation and inflammation. It might also take more time to see results with retinol. On the other hand, pro-retinols such as retinyl acetate, retinyl palmitate are the most gentle of all retinol variants, but they are they take the most time to work as well.
  • Always apply retinoids on dry skin. – True. Although it is said that retinoids should always be applied to dry skin, there is no literature that proves that applying retinoids on wet skin increases its sensitivity. In fact, some doctors are also known to  advise their patients to apply retinoids on damp skin. Ultimately, it depends on you. Although they suggest that retinoids should be applied on dry skin, there’s no evidence stating that you cannot apply retinoids on damp skin either.
  • It should take anywhere between 4 – 6 weeks for retinoids to work on your skin. Even though retinoids are among the best ingredients for your skin, don’t expect them to perform miracles overnight. It should take a minimum of 4 – 6 weeks for you to start seeing visible differences. It might even take up to 12 weeks in some cases. The time taken ultimately depends on the person’s skin condition when he/ she begins to use retinoids.
  • Never use retinoids around your eyes. – False. The skin around your eyes might be the most sensitive, but eye creams that have retinoids don’t hurt you. In fact, they go a long way in boosting your eye care routine. There are a number of studies which prove that people applying retinoids on the skin around their eyes always get the best results. And if it gets in the eye? It should sting a little, but it is not serious. Wash your eyes with cold water and you should be fine in some time.

What is the difference between Retinol, Retinoids, and Tretinoin

Retinol can be broken down into a number of compounds, with each compound having its own regulations, duration and effectiveness. There are some types of retinol that are used in skin care and cosmetic products. Similarly, there are several types of retinol that can only be purchased with proper prescriptions. Here are a few tips to help you distinguish between the different types of retinol.

  •  Retinol can be used in any cosmetic product and it doesn’t require any prescriptions. Other products that are used in cosmetic and skin care products include retinyl acetate, retinaldehyde and retinyl palmitate.
  • Even though all types of retinol can lead to irritation, retinoids usually have the highest risk of causing irritation or inflammation.
  • The most common prescription retinoids include retinoic acid, adapelene and tazarotene.
  • Retinol breaks down into retinoic acid once it gets absorbed into your skin. This acid is the compound that affects your skin cells and the way they behave.
  • All types of retinols have quite similar functions and almost all of them offer wondrous benefits.

What You Need to Know About Retinol Before Choosing A Product
Make sure that you understand the following points before you purchase or apply any product with retinol on your skin.

  • Never buy retinol products if they are not stored in opaque containers. The opaque containers block out air exposure and prevent the retinoids from breaking down.
  • Always look for ingredients such as retinol, retinyl aldehyde, retinyl palmitate or retinyl acetate. Retinoids cannot be used without proper prescriptions.
  • Retinol don’t suit everyone. Make sure that you test the product on a small patch of your skin and wait for 24 – 48 hours to see if it leads to irritation, flaking or redness.
  • If you find that it irritates your skin, this should subside within a few days as your skin adjusts itself to the regular use of retinol. If it doesn’t, you need to stop using retinol.
  • Never start off with daily use of retinol. Apply the product every alternate day and make sure that you mix it with your everyday moisturizers in the beginning. This helps your skin to adjust to retinol.
  • Always use gentle cleansers and well formulated moisturizers to give your skin the best chance of tolerating retinol.