Tag Archives: Lactic Acid

Would You Try These Innovative Skincare Ingredients

Americans have been accused of being vulnerable to the lure of the exotic. Of falsely attributing other cultures with possessing some ancient wisdom or magic that we, as Americans, are simply unable to harness. Like the belief in the the superiority of Asian skincare. Skeptics will argue that this is just another example of Americans being overly impressed by the foreign. However, if you consider that the Japanese published a “Capital Beauty and Style Manual” in 1813 that included directions for making an early sheet mask with kimono silk and flower water, it may seem that there is reason to think the Asians may know a thing or two about the subject.

If you are among those who are not entirely convinced that the Asian skincare routine is without merit, here are some of the more (and less) unusual ingredients topping the list of Asian beauty products you may want to get more familiar with.

Bee venom

Bee Venom
Bee venom is known to help skin produce collagen and elastin to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Bees are reportedly not harmed in the process of extraction.

Vitamin A (Retinol)
One of the more common additions to our list, Vitamin A is an antioxidant that fights damage from free radicals and increases production of collagen to help protect against wrinkles, aging, and sun damage.

Vitamin B
(Niacinamide) B vitamins such as niacinamide, or B3, are known to possess skin brightening properties. They can be used to decrease redness from acne and even out skin tone.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C, including L-ascorbic acid, can improve skin tone as well as protect skin from UV rays. Store in an opaque container to prevent degradation due to light and heat.

Aloe Vera
This ancient plant has been used for centuries to soothe and hydrate. Apply it to sunburns for quick relief or as a soothing balm after shaving.

Pear on wheat

Arbutin
This hydroquinone derivative is found in wheat and pears. It is a safe and natural way of limiting the production of melanin and brightening skin.

Ferment
Use fermented products like yeast, rice or pitera to boost skin elasticity and prevent aging.

Green Tea
Another recommendation from the “Capital Beauty and Style Manual,” green tea has antioxidant properties which can decrease inflammation an fight the effects of carcinogens and age.

Honey and Royal Jelly
It’s back to the bee hive for some anti-inflammatory and and antiseptic properties to prevent acne and dryness.

Milk
Whether from cow’s or donkeys, milk is a great moisturizer and brightener.

Rice

Rice
Another,”I told you so” from the ancient Manual, rice as been used for centuries in Asian culture as a toner or scrub to even skin tone.

Snail
Asians swear by snail secretion filtrate as a moisturizing ingredient. It is associated with reducing redness acne and repairing skin damage.

Syn-ake
This is a synthetic snake venom said to be similar to botox in its ability to fight aging. It is known to firm skin and improve elasticity.

Yogurt
The lactic acid in yogurt can exfoliate the skin, while the zinc can reduce the production of oil and sebum, known to block pores.

Let us know if which of these ingredients you have tried, or would consider trying. We’d love to know!

Ingredients to Help With Dry, Flaky Skin

Dry, flaky skin is the last accessory you want for your holiday parties but when the temperature drops your skin often reacts by losing moisture. There is less moisture in the air and you’re constantly going in between extreme temperatures from hot to cold and back again. Even if you don’t have dry skin to begin with you, you may find yourself experiencing rough, flaky patches of skin. The following four ingredients hydrate, exfoliate and keep your skin looking smooth and healthy.

Woman enjoying milk bath

AHA/ BHA
Exfoliating your skin may be the last thing on your mind when you are experiencing flaky skin, but it is important to do so. Scrubs can be too harsh on dry skin, but using gentle alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta hydroxy acid (BHA) exfoliates your skin without being too rough. Two great AHAs for dry and flaky skin are glycolic and lactic acids. Glycolic acid is derived from sugar cane and has a bit more potency than lactic acid. Lactic acid can come from plant sources, but most commonly it is a by-product of sour milk. Both of these acids reduce the bonds that hold dead skin cells to your skin, but glycolic acid is a smaller molecule, which means that it can penetrate your skin more deeply and help stimulate collagen production. Salicylic acid, or BHA, is another chemical exfoliant that encourages cell turnover and regeneration and is typically suggested for those with oily or acne-prone skin.

Hyaluronic Acid
Like glycerin, hyaluronic acid is a humectant that draws moisture from the air to your face. Hyaluronic acid is one of the greatest hydrating ingredients because it can hold roughly 1,000 times its weight in water. Like glycerin, hyaluronic acid adds moisture while also preventing loss of hydration by enhancing your skin’s barrier function. Hyaluronic acid not only helps your skin feel more hydrated, but it makes your skin appear more plump and supple.

Glycerin soap.

Glycerin
Glycerin is a superstar for skin that is dry or flaking because it is able to attract moisture to your skin and keep it there. Glycerin hydrates your skin in addition to filling in any gaps in your skin’s barrier, through which moisture can leave your skin. This barrier serves as protection not only against future moisture loss, but also to keep environmental pollutants or irritants from damaging your skin.

Squalane
Squalane is an oil that occurs naturally in your body and is also present in the livers of certain sharks and olive oil. Although squalane is produced by your body, the amount produced slows as you age with a significant drop occurring after age thirty. Squalane is thought to be particularly beneficial for restoring your skin’s proper balance of oils and moisture because it creates a barrier between your skin and the environment, keeping good things in while keeping bad things out. This oil does not have the traditional oily feel and is non-comedogenic, meaning that it won’t clog your pores. Squalane is non-irritating, making it safe for sensitive skin, but it also works well for acne-prone skin as it is thought to have antibacterial properties and can help soothe redness and inflammation while protecting against peeling and flaking.

While dry, flaky skin in the winter is a common occurrence, it is still incredibly frustrating to deal with. A consistent skin-care routine that uses a combination of hydrating ingredients is your best defense against problematic winter skin. Our four favorite skin-care ingredients for dry, flakey skin work to remove dead skin, add hydration and lock moisture into your skin.

Skin Care Ingredients to be Thankful For

Clear, glowing, healthy skin is something that you should definitely give thanks for. Most of us are in constant pursuit of younger looking, healthier skin and there are some skin care ingredients that are superior to others. We’ve listed our four favorite skin care ingredients and why you should be thankful for them.

Hyaluronic Acid formula

Hyaluronic Acid
You can’t go to any skin care or beauty blog without reading something about hyaluronic acid. While some skin care ingredients are just hype, hyaluronic acid deserves every bit of praise that it gets. Hyaluronic acid is a substance that occurs naturally in your body that is responsible for cell renewal and maintaining skin’s elasticity and moisture levels. When you apply hyaluronic acid topically, this amazing skin care ingredient creates a moisture barrier for your skin. In doing so, hyaluronic acid “traps” moisture into your skin, and the hyaluronic acid molecule can hold up to 1,000 times its own weight in water. In addition to major moisture, hyaluronic acid makes your skin smoother and helps diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles by plumping the skin up.

Retinol
When it comes to anti-aging, retinol truly is one of the best skin care ingredients you can use. Retinol is a vitamin A derivative that fights fine lines, wrinkles, sun spots, dullness, sagging skin and can help with acne. This powerhouse works by increasing the rate of cell turnover while also gently exfoliating to get rid of any dry, dead cells on the surface of your skin. Retinol also stimulates cellular repair deep in your skin, which helps boost your levels of collagen and elastin. When using retinol, be sure to look for packaging that is airtight and opaque, or very dark because air and light can degrade retinol making it far less effective.

Red wine

Resveratrol
It’s not secret that we absolutely adore resveratrol as a skin care ingredient, but there are so many great reasons for our love affair with this potent antioxidant. Resveratrol’s antioxidant power fights against oxidative damage and helps repair old damage from free radicals. This protection against free radical damage is essential for young, healthy looking skin because free radicals actually damage collagen and they activate an enzyme that breaks down the collagen and elastin in your skin. Resveratrol also has anti-inflammatory properties so your complexion looks even and radiant.

AHA/ BHA
Alpha-hydroxy acids are organic acids that are typically derived from sugar cane, milk and apples and pears. Sugar cane is responsible for glycolic acid, milk for lactic acid and apples and pears for malic acid. These acids work on the surface layer of your skin to gently exfoliate and brighten dead, dull skin. BHA refers to salicylic acid, which is derived from plant sources. Salicylic acid also is responsible for gentle exfoliation, but it penetrates far more deeply than AHAs do. BHA actually gets down into your pores to clear them of oil, dead skin cells and other debris. AHAs are most frequently used by those with drier skin while BHA is used commonly among those with oily or acne-prone skin.

Quality ingredients equal quality skin and these ingredients are truly skin care superstars. Using products that contain these amazing ingredients, like our Vine Vera Collection skin care, will help you to achieve the healthiest, most radiant skin possible and that’s something you should certainly give thanks for.

Ingredients for Moisturization

Winter is coming. For real though, winter is on its way and the transitional period is a great time to take a look at your skincare routine and ensure that you have products meant to moisturize your skin. If you aren’t sure exactly what ingredients you should be scanning labels for, Vine Vera put together a list of the four most beneficial ingredients for maximum moisture.

Ceramides

Ceramides
Ceramides are natural lipids and are a significant component of your skin’s structure. The entire function of ceramides is to retain moisture in the outer layer of skin, so that skin cells do not dry out. When your skin is lacking ceramides, it has trouble retaining moisture resulting in dry skin. Products containing ceramides restore the skin’s ability to retain moisture and are absorbed quickly into the skin so you can see results in a short period of time.

Chemical formula of hyaluronic acid.

Hyaluronic Acid
You’ve no doubt heard about this popular skincare ingredient, and there is a good reason:  hyaluronic acid is incredible when it comes to adding moisture to your skin. Hyaluronic acid is a type of moisturizer known as a humectant. Humectants not only add moisture to skin, but they hold it in place for long periods of time. Hyaluronic acid absorbs water and keeps it in your skin to provide you skin with hydration long after applying a product. This ingredient is perfect for those with oily skin that gets dehydrated during cold temperatures and harsh weather. Using heavy products tends to increase oil production, but hyaluronic acid is great because it provides intense moisture, helps repair the skin’s barrier function and  most importantly for oily skin, it is a lightweight moisturizer.

Woman pouring milk in a bath.

Lactic Acid
This alpha-hydroxy acid is not only a great moisturizer, it is also an incredibly gentle exfoliant. While using an exfoliant on dry skin may seem counter-intuitive, if the exfoliator is mild it can help to increase moisture levels in your skin. Exfoliating removes dry, dead skin cells and reveals newer, healthier skin that is better able to absorb moisture.

Moisturizer

Mineral Oil
Although this common skin care ingredient has a pretty bad reputation, it is actually one of the best moisturizing ingredients available. The most frequently cited reasons for not using mineral oil are the thought that it’s comedogenic (causes breakouts) and that it’s a derivative of petroleum. Yes, mineral oil is a derivative of petroleum. However, there are different grades of mineral oil and the mineral oil found in cosmetics and skincare has been purified. Skincare experts sing praises of mineral oil saying that cosmetic-grade mineral oil is one of the most non-irritating, safest and most effective moisturizing ingredients. There is a caveat to using products with mineral oil: do not use anything containing mineral oil with a product that has comedogenic principles. Because mineral oil moisturizes skin so well, it may trap those pore-clogging ingredients in the same way it traps, and keeps, moisture in the skin.

Transitioning from summer to fall and fall to winter definitely takes a toll on your skin. The lowered moisture in the air and the amount of heat indoors combine to sap your skin out of moisture. By picking products that contain the most beneficial ingredients, you can combat dry skin easily.

Best Ingredients for those Forgotten Zones

Your diligent about moisturizing your face. You may always hit your arms and legs with a quick swipe of lotion, but you may also continue to experience dry, rough skin of areas that get neglected such as the elbows, knees, soles of your feet or hands. These areas of your body require a bit more potency when it comes to moisturizing them effectively. To help you keep your skin soft, smooth and supple this winter, Vine Vera put together three ingredients that will have maximum impact on your dryest, forgotten areas of the body.

Sour cream

Lactic Acid
Using an ingredient that contains the word acid seems counterintuitive to hydrating seriously rough and dry areas of skin such as the knees and elbows. However, lactic acid is an alpha-hydroxy acid that is incredibly gentle on the skin and that does contain moisturizing properties. The way it works on dry skin is a one-two punch. First, it very gently exfoliates skin, removing all of the dry, dead flakes that accumulate. This step is also helpful when it comes to itchy skin as a result of dryness, because it removes the buildup. Next, it hydrates your skin keeping it looking and feeling smooth and soft. For those with extremely sensitive skin, look for a moisturizer that contains a 5% concentration of lactic acid. Other creams and lotions provide a higher concentration (12%) for those with less sensitive skin.

Mineral Oil
Mineral oil is a common ingredient in moisturizers and other cosmetic/ skin care products, but it generally has a pretty bad reputation. There are some valid points to the objections against mineral oil, but it really is one of the best moisturizers available. Cosmetic grade mineral oil is considered to be the most non-irritating, effective and safest moisturizing ingredients. The reason many are initially against using products containing mineral oil is that it is a derivative of petroleum. Additionally, people are often unaware that there are different grades of mineral oil and the mineral oil used for cosmetic purposes has been purified. Mineral oil not only moisturizes dry skin well, it also prevents water loss keeping skin well hydrated for long periods of time. The caveat with mineral oil is to not use products with this ingredient in conjunction with products that have comedogenics in them. Because mineral oil is so great at trapping moisture, it may also trap any potentially pore clogging ingredients, leading to breakouts.

Glycerin soap

Glycerin
Available naturally in vegetable oils, glycerin is an extremely beneficial ingredient for those areas of the body the become dry from neglect. Glycerin is a humectant meaning it attracts moisture from the environment and epidermis to surface layers of skin. Not only is glycerin able to absorb moisture from the air, it also retains this moisture and locks it into the skin, keeping outer layers of skin well hydrated. The skin has a natural barrier function that glycerin helps strengthen. This means that harmful chemicals and free radicals stay out of the skin while moisture stays in the skin.

These hydrating ingredients offer not only moisture, but also protection against further damage and dryness. Look for products containing one, or all three, of these ingredients to keep forgotten skin from drying out. With a bit of extra care and help from these ingredients, you can eradicate dryness for good this winter and keep your skin looking its best.

Anti-Aging Ingredients for the Body – Vine Vera Reviews

Chances are you use some sort of anti-aging product for your face. Whether it’s eye cream, your daily moisturizer or even your sunscreen, you put effort into protecting your skin and preventing your face from showing signs of aging. But how often do you spend the same amount of time protecting the skin all over your body? Most of the time your body gets slathered in lotion and that’s the end. Maybe on a beach day you’ll break out the sunscreen, but the majority of the time you end up ignoring the skin on your body. However, the face isn’t the only part of your body that displays the signs of aging. Below Vine Vera lists the best ingredients to look for in anti-aging skincare.

Woman drinking orange juice and holding a piece of orange in her hands.

Vitamins C and E
Vitamin E is a highly effective anti-oxidant that protects your skin from losing collagen due to harmful UV rays. While it is also a great moisture, it is also a relatively unstable skin care ingredient and is subject to damage or being inactive when exposed to free radicals. Vitamin C helps keep Vitamin E stable and active. Vitamin C is a water-soluble antioxidant  that protects the lipid structures of sales and slows down the production of melanin. In slowing down the production of melanin, Vitamin C prevents hyperpigmentation. One of the most common forms of Vitamin C in skin care ingredients is L-ascorbic acid.

Peptides
You may have heard the term peptides where skin care is concerned but not quite understood why this ingredient is helpful. Peptides are molecules that have been built by the binding of one amino acid to another. This forms a short, penetrable chain that is incredibly efficient at stimulating the skin’s healing process and the rebuilding of the dermal matrix, which helps keep skin strong and healthy.

Grounded coffee mixed in curd for exfoliation.

Exfoliants
Many skin experts and doctors suggest that exfoliants are an essential part of a skin care regime. Two of the most popular exfoliants used in anti-aging skin care are glycolic and lactic acid. While you can exfoliate your skin with harsh scrubs or devices, experts recommend being gentle to your skin. When you use a mild exfoliant the result is a resurfacing that creates a healthy, natural exfoliation that removes only excess skin cells while keeping the normal, healthy balance your skin requires.

Glycolic is a small sized molecule. Due to it’s size, glycolic acid penetrates the skin very quickly. While some people appreciate this, experts are now beginning to lean more towards lactic acid as an efoliant as opposed to glycolic acid. The small size of the glycolic acid means that is can be harder to control on the skin than lactic acid.

Lactic acid stays on the skin for a longer period of time than glycolic acid. This is beneficial for your skin because it allows the lactic acid to work more effectively on the epidermis. The slower response of your skin to lactic acid also means that the results you see are far less harsh and there is less damage to the skin. Lactic acid acts as a neutralizer rather than a harsh exfoliant. Both acids do help with signs of aging such as wrinkles and dark age spots or sun damage.

When you take care of your body, you give yourself added health and vitality. Aim to always keep the skin on your body well moisturized. Look for a moisturizer with ingredients like Vitamin E or shea butter, these act as humectants that keep moisture in your skin. Don’t skip the sunscreen because sun damage does not just occur on your face. Healthy skin requires proper attention and products. Help reverse and repair signs of aging with these skin care ingredients.

Top Anti-Aging Skin Care Ingredients for 2015 – Vine Vera Reviews

Youth, and the importance of it, is an everyday all-day presence in our lives. From glossy magazine ads to the impossibly wrinkle-free skin of actors and actresses, we are constantly bombarded with images of perfect, glowing, youthful skin. And of course, much of the time the message is heard loud and clear and we seek out our own potions, pills and powders that promise us eternal youth. While we all know that we can’t turn back time and there isn’t a fountain of youth for us to bathe in, there are skin care ingredients that can dramatically help aging skin look, and feel more youthful. Vine Vera has rounded up the top anti-aging skin care ingredients for 2015 for you to check out.

Woman taking a bath with milk in a spa.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)
AHAs are a common ingredient among cosmetic products and there is a good reason for this. AHAs work best for people with normal to dry skin and these chemical compounds help to bind moisture, increase collagen production and improve the overall texture of skin. The most frequently used AHAs for cosmetic purposes are:

AHAs are also used in cosmetic or dermatology offices for chemical peels. When used in proper concentrations, there are often very few side effects. However, it is important to note that a chemical peel, administered by a dermatologist, that has the desired level of alpha hydroxy acids will result in severe side effects such as blisters, burning or discoloration. The good news is that these side effects are temporary and typically disappear within 24 to 48 hours.

Woman shocked to see acne on her cheeks in the mirror.

Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs)
Beta hydroxy acid is an organic compound that is best suited for those with combination to oily skin types. This compound is closely related to alpha hydroxy acids:  they are separated  by one carbon atom. Beta hydroxy acids for cosmetic purposes refer to salicylic acid, which is most commonly used to treat acne.

Woman scratching her arm because of eczema.

Fulvic Acid
Fulvic acid not only helps hydrate the skin (skin becomes less able to hold moisture the older we get) but it also is an anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial. This skin care ingredient already has a great reputation in Australia and is used to treat skin conditions such as skin dryness, redness and inflammation, psoriasis and eczema. One of the most exciting properties of fulvic acid is that it is an incredibly potent free-radical destroyer, which can help with signs of aging.

Diagram of a Vitamin A molecule

Stabilized Retinoids
Retinoids have been used for their anti-aging benefits for years. There are decades of clinical research that document their effectiveness as an anti-aging powerhouse. Retinoids help increase cell turnover to help fight wrinkles and smooth the appearance of the skin, fade sun spots or discoloration and build collagen. The stabiliztion of ingredients in skincare is important because it helps the ingredients to last significantly longer. Thus, stabilized retinoids last longer in their particular skin care formulation meaning that you receive the benefits for a longer period of time.

These skin care ingredients are being touted by experts for their ability to help reduce the visible signs of aging as well as other skin imperfections. Other things that you can do to help the appearance of your skin include adopting a healthier diet, exercise regularly and drink more water. Skin care continues to advance and provide better results in the way of anti-aging and at a faster rate. Make use of the skin care ingredients that benefit your skin type to begin seeing younger, more supple looking skin.

Lifting Skin Care Ingredients – Vine Vera Reviews

Woman reviews the best natural ingredients for her skin care.

When it comes to finding the perfect combination of ingredients to create the perfect skin care line, scientists have it all together. Nowadays, there are products available to treat nearly every skin malady known to women. There are products available to enhance, brighten, and even lift the skin. That’s what VineVera would like to talk about today in this article. Lifting skin care products have become increasingly popular due to their ability to give somewhat of a natural face-lift without going through the painful, expensive surgery. Many women find them to be an invigorating way to start the day, feeling as though their skin is given a tightened, lifted look. Vine Vera takes a look at some of the lifting skin care ingredients being found within your favorite skin care brands.

Closeup portrait of a woman bathing in milk

Alpha Hydroxy Acids
There are many different types of Alpha Hydroxy Acids available and included within lifting skin care products. They are naturally derived acids from plants and fruits which are harnessed for their skin firming powers. Different types of Alpha Hydroxy Acids include citric acid, glycolic acid, and lactic acid. Usually, they are incorporated into skin care products to help exfoliate the skin, which can also play an integral role in the lifting process. This occurs by helping your skin produce more collagen and elastin, which tighten, tone and firm the skin.

Peptides
Peptides are essentially a form of amino acids and proteins which are responsible for helping the skin learn to repair itself, and work off of muscle memory. This means they are able to help repair crows feet, fine lines, and wrinkles. Peptides are generally an important part of any anti-aging skin care product, as well as products intended to infuse moisture into the skin, such as moisture creams. They help to moisturize the skin through their ability to bind to cells and give a youthful appearance. Many women count on their effectiveness as an alternative to expensive, painful Botox injections.

Attractive woman applying emollient-rich skin cream

Emollients
Emollients help to trap moisture into the skin and help the skin retain the moisture necessary to hydrate the skin. This is crucial for women who are in their later years in life, who seek something which can offer an added moisture barrier for their dry skin, which is often times incapable of producing moisture itself. Emollients infuse the skin with moisture, while their opposite, humectants, take away moisture. This is generally not something older women would want to opt for. Good moisturizers tend to contain a good base of emollients to help the skin become well moisturized, and help give smooth, tightened skin.

These three components combined help to make for a fantastic skin lifting product. Of course, there are many other ingredients which are involved in crafting skin care products, and a lot of time and dedication which goes into the development process as well. With breakthroughs in technology forever on the forefront, we can expect great, new products to consistently emerge using the latest technological advances in skin care. Vine Vera hopes this breakdown list of ingredients has helped you to understand the ingredient base used within your favorite products, and why they are essential to helping you achieve lifted, toned and youthful skin.

Acids for Your Best Skin Yet!

Vine Vera brings you a guide on the best acids to use for beautiful skin.

The Multi-Use Acid
Name: Glycolic acid
Source: Sugar
Glycolic acid has a brilliant reputation, and is often utilized in professional chemical peels. It is a highly stable molecule and much moderate in strength than you might think. Its potency remains stable, even when exposed to temperature fluctuations, oxygen and UV light. A number of skin hazards such as acne, dullness, hyperpigmentation and fine lines can be treated by this ‘one-size-fits-all acid’.

The Acne Busting Acid
Name: Salicylic acid
Source: Willow bark
Salicylic acid is the principal acid that fights against acne. It plays a vital role in acne treatment available at places ranging from departmental store counters to drugstore aisles. It dries out pimples, and promotes cell turnover that quickly become fade post-acne marks. It generally brightens skin. This acne-fighting acid is a beta hydroxyl acid that penetrates the pores of the skin while it exfoliates. By doing so it actually breaks the sebum plugs that cause pimples. It is found in high concentrations in chemicals peels of a professional grade.

The Easy Going Acid
Name: Malic acid
Source: Sour fruits like rhubarb and green apple
This alpha hydroxy acid is the reason behind the characteristic mouth-puckering taste of green apple. It is the best if you want radiant skin without melting your face off! Malic acid is ideal for individuals with delicate skin, but is not as stable as glycolic acid. If you are afraid to use AHAs on your sensitive skin, then make a small start with a malic acid product. Use it a few times in a week, before you begin its daily use.

The Gentle, Antioxidant-Packed Acid
Name: Tartaric acid
Source: Grapes
A moderate exfoliator and antioxidant in one, tartaric acid is beneficial for aging and delicate skin types. Unlike other organic skin acids, that have some antioxidant properties, this grape-derived acid is highly potential. Therefore, not only does tartaric acid reverse aging in mature skin, but due the presence of antioxidant vitamins and its mild exfoliating nature, it protects the skin against future damage.

The Radiance Booster
Name: Lactic acid
Source: Milk
This dairy-derived acid is a must when it comes to skin care. Lactic acid and glycolic acid are very similar, they differ due to the size of their molecules; lactic acid is made up of bigger molecules. These large molecules do not infiltrate deeply into the skin, thereby making it tolerable by skin that is prone to irritation. It is also advisable for pregnant women who are acne prone to use lactic acid products, as doctors recommend for them not to use salicylic acid (one of the most common pimple busters). Lactic acid is a great substitute; it gently exfoliates the top layer of dead skin that can cause pimples.

The Redness and Spot Reducing Acid
Name: Azeleic acid
Source: Grains such as barley and wheat
Azeleic acid is perfect for calming skin inflammation that causes pimple-like bumps and redness. This acid is a savior for rosacea sufferers as it has antibacterial and soothing qualities.

The Super Strong Anti-Aging Acid
Name: Trichloroacetic acid
Source: a laboratory (its synthetic)
Trichloroacetic acid or TCA is the most powerful chemical peel available. It is best for individuals with a lot of scars and skin damage. It has the ability to reduce sun damage to the skin and “retexturize” pores.

We hope that this Vine Vera Guide helped you discover the best acids for your skin. Let us know what you feel using the comments box below.

INGREDIENT SPOTLIGHT: Lactic Acid

3D graphic of a Lactic Acid molecule Lactic acid is a type of Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) that is usually found in all sorts of products and treatments used for rejuvenating the skin. Lactic acid is derived from milk and is famous for being one of the most gentle AHA exfoliants in the world. Lactic acid has been used by mankind in skin care all throughout history. The first mentions of the use of lactic acid in skin care can be traced all the way back to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization. According to legends, Queen Cleopatra maintained her exotic beauty with the help of luxurious milk baths that were filled with rose petals.

Lactic acid can also be termed as an active anti-aging ingredient which is famous for its moisturizing and exfoliating abilities. Some of the main benefits that lactic acid has to offer to the skin includes improving its texture, stimulating the production of collagen and reducing the signs of aging and age spots. As beneficial as it might be, lactic acid cannot cure the deep lying wrinkles and it cannot remove your scars. Moreover, using lactic acid also increases the skin’s sensitivity to the sun. This makes applying sunscreens very important when you use solutions that contain lactic acid. Lactic acid has also been defined as a keratolytic. It softens the skin by moisturizing the surface and loosens the outermost layer of the skin to help it shed its dead skin cells. It also helps in getting rid of blemishes and repairs the skin. Lactic acid is also useful in terms of producing a unique whitening effect.

Now that you’ve realized how important lactic acid is for your skin, how about checking out the different ways in which it can benefit your skin.

Skin Brightener – Lactic acid can prove to be an extremely effective skin brightener. Overproduction of melanin is usually attributed to factors like unprotected sun exposure and this leads to brown spots and discolorations on the skin. Lactic acid helps to inhibit the production of melanin and lighten the skin and therefore beautify your skin tone.

Radiance Regimen – Lactic acid is a useful tool for exfoliating the skin and improving the overall turnover rate for your skin cells. This helps to promote the production of collagen and elastin, thereby helping out with anti-aging as well.

Improved Texture – As the skin begins to age, it becomes thick and rough. The best way to bring back your youthful glow and suppleness is to improve the texture of your skin by getting rid of the dry and dead top surface and allowing the new skin cells to shine through. And the simplest and safest way to do that is to use lactic acid. Lactic acid is very useful in encouraging the skin to stay flawless, look younger and become smoother. Try to look for solutions that contain a concentrated strength of about 5% lactic acid. However, for best results, look out for concentrations that contain about 8 – 10% of lactic acid.