Tag Archives: Beta Hydroxy Acids

Benzoyl Peroxide vs Salicylic Acid

You can spot conceal the occasional small blemish, but what happens when your face is effected by full-blown acne? Many have struggled with acne at some point in their lives and the common misconception is that acne is something you will grow out of. Acne can affect anyone at any age for a large variety of reasons. Some face hormonal acne while others may have painful cystic acne. If you are taking the fight against acne into your own hands, you probably already know the two major over-the-counter medications used in acne treatment:  benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. However, what you may not know is which medication is the correct one for your face. Vine Vera Skincare did some digging to discover how each of these acne medications work and how to tell which one is right for your skin.

Benzoyl Peroxide chemical formula

Benzoyl Peroxide
Benzoyl peroxide is an antibacterial and a keratolytic, meaning that it dissolves keratin. Acne can be caused by a bacteria, P. acnes bacteria, which can not survive in environments that are oxygen rich. When benzoyl peroxide makes contact with your skin, it transforms into oxygen and benzoic acid. The oxygen attacks and destroys bacteria causing acne while benzoic acid makes skin dry and peel. As the skin becomes dry and peels, the skin is exfoliated and the plugs of dead skin cells are removed from your pores. Benzoyl peroxide can be incredibly powerful, which may irritate sensitive skin and cause redness, dryness or skin flaking.

Benzoyl peroxide is sold in a variety of concentrations, the highest being 10%. However, studies have shown that the 2.5% concentration of benzoyl peroxide is just as effective as a 10% benzoyl peroxide treatment and the 2.5% concentration will be less harsh on the skin than a higher level of benzoyl peroxide. Generally, benzoyl peroxide is most beneficial for people struggling with whiteheads. Benzoyl peroxide should be avoided by those with extremely sensitive or already dry skin.

Salicylic acid chemical formula.

Salicylic Acid
Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid (BHA) produced from the bark of willow trees. Unlike benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid does not kill any bacteria. On the skin, salicylic acid corrects any abnormal shedding of skin cells and penetrates deeply to unclog pores and exfoliate the skin. Salicylic acid is also an anti-inflammatory, meaning that it can be good for reducing redness. Salicylic acid helps remove debris from pores and often provides less irritation than benzoyl peroxide.

Concentrations ranging from .5% to 2% are the most commonly used in salicylic acid acne products. Often, salicylic acids is most effective for those who have issues with blackheads and spots of inflammation. Salicylic acid is generally used by those with mild to moderate acne, oily or red skin and tends to cause much less irritation or dryness than benzoyl peroxide

Both benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid are both effective acne treatments, though each works in its own unique way. These acne fighters are available in a large assortment of skincare products from spot care creams or gels to cleansers and moisturizers. It is important to remember that both benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid must be used continually, even after acne has cleared up. Discontinuing the use of these products will result in the return of acne. If you are still on the fence about whether benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid is best for you, or if you suffer from severe acne, it’s a good idea to head to your doctor or dermatologist to find out which medication will be most beneficial to your problem.

Ingredients That Help Minimize the Appearance of Pores – Vine Vera Reviews

Woman highlighting her common skin issues such as enlarged pores.

You are diligent about your skin care routine. You cleanse, hydrate and exfoliate routinely and you never sleep with makeup on. You eat a well-balanced diet with nutrients and vitamins meant to make your skin look its best. And yet you struggle with the appearance of enlarged pores. The battle seems to be never-ending. First of all, know that you are not alone in this struggle. Enlarged pores are one of the most common complaints made to dermatologists. While you can’t wave a magic wand and get rid of your pores, Vine Vera introduces you to some ingredients that, when used regularly, help to minimize the appearance of your pores.

What causes enlarged pores?
Your hormones are responsible for the regulation of glands that produce oil, also known as sebum. This sebum moves through the lining of each pore and rests on your face. With normal oil production, the movement of sebum from pore to face is seamless and imperceptible. The problem arises when your glands produce excess oil. The oil itself is not responsible for enlarged pores, it is the complications that occur with too much oil. The sebum mixes with other substances, like dead skin cells, and forms a clog in the pore. This clog is what forces the pore to become larger.

What skin care ingredients help minimize the appearance of enlarged pores?

Beta Hydroxy Acid
Salicylic acid, a BHA  that is often found in anti-acne products, in a gel or liquid form is one of the first ingredients you should look for. Products with BHA not only remove dead skin cells from the surface of your face, they also get into the pore and cleanse it. When used in a gel or liquid form, BHAs are not irritating to skin. Because BHAs exfoliate the inside of your pores, the shape of the pore is improved and oil flows much more easily.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid
Alpha hydroxy acids, like glycolic and lactic acid, work in much same way that BHAs work. They also exfoliate and remove dead skin cells and help clear pores, but they also help supply a bit of moisture. For this reason, AHAs are most beneficial to individuals with dry, sensitive skin or those who suffer from sun damage.

Retinoids
Prescription retinoids have been proven to have a positive effect on pore functioning. You may want to consider a trip to your doctor or dermatologist to talk about prescription retinol gels and creams if you have extremely stubborn skin or blackheads that are accompanied by other breakouts. Though these can be initially harsh on your skin, with regular use you will find your skin adapts. You can continue to use BHAs with retinoids if you want some extra help with your pores.

In addition to using these skin care ingredients, also be sure to check your products for items that may clog pores. Purchase items labeled as non-comedogenic as these formulations are far less likely to clog your pores. Additionally, clay masks can be a great help with minimizing the appearance of the pores if used regularly. Clay soaks up extra oil and helps to clean out your pores. Remember that good skin care does show results, it just may take some time to figure out what ingredients work best for your face.