Tag Archives: Anti-Aging Ingredients

Woman smiling

Supplements That Nourish Skin From The Inside Out

TV watchers will no doubt have been inundated by a variety of vitamin and supplement commercials. You may have heard pitches for skin restoring supplements with phytoceramides and lipowheat for “maintaining healthy skin hydration” or the multi-collagen protein capsules that “contain 5 sources of potent collagen including Types I, II, III, V, and X.”

Perhaps you’ve even been offered a complimentary sample of the skin and total body dietary supplements to “support cognitive skills while enhancing the look of your skin.’
In short, when it comes to choosing supplements for your skin, it can get pretty confusing, but it all really comes down to the basics.

Vitamin D
Vitamin D is important for helping to prevent colon, esophageal and great cancer and activates your immune system to fight infection. Unfortunately, according to Michael F. Holick, MD, PhD, of women over the age of 50, less than 10% are getting their proper Vitamin D intake. Good sources of vitamin D are fatty fish, milk, egg yolks, cereal and sunlight It is recommended that you get 1,000 IU of Vitamin D per day. Vitamin D can also strengthen muscles and relieve bone and muscle aches in pain sufferers.
Red supplement tablets

Calcium builds and preserves strong bones and is crucial for the nerve and muscle function. Unfortunately, when you hit 50, your bone tissue breaks down faster than it is being built, which is why you need more. Try and get 500 mgs up to two times a day. Calcium can also decrease risks of developing polyps that lead to colon cancer.

Lack of magnesium puts you at higher risk for type 2 diabetes, according to the Harvard’s Women’s Health Study and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey found that older adults have a lower ability to absorb it from food. In addition, diuretics and antibiotics can also hamper your absorption, Try to find a multivitamin with 350 mg of magnesium. You may also find it lowers your blood pressure, as indicated by preliminary research.

B Vitamins
Studies suggest that B6, B12, and folate may all lower risk of stroke and heart disease, according to David L. Katz, MD, MPH, director of Yale Prevention Research Center. As you age, the quantity of acid in your stomach goes down, and that acid is necessary to release B12 from foods. Because of this, between 10 and 20% of older Americans have trouble with B12 absorption. Try and find a multivitamin with 400 mcg of folic acid, 2.4mcg of B12 and 1.5 mg of B6 and get ready for trouble from the cops about being too young to drive.

What supplements do you use to nourish your skin? Let us know!

Cinnamon sticks and powder

Sprinkle On A Little Cinnamon

Comedian Jerry Seinfeld once said, “Cinnamon. It should be on tables in restaurants along with salt and pepper. Anytime someone says, “Oooh, this is so good- what is this?’ The answer invariably comes back, ‘cinnamon.’ Cinnamon. Again and again.” Indeed, one can’t go too wrong with cinnamon. It goes with everything from toast to apples, tea to coffee, rice pudding to noodle pudding. Even Pizza Hut can hardly deny the boost to their sales caused by the addition of cinnamon sticks to their dessert menu. And now cinnamon can add another feather in its cap. It’s good for you!

Source of Antioxidants
Cinnamon is full of antioxidants that protect against free radical damage and slow the process of aging. Researchers have found forty-one protective compounds in the spice, and that’s only to date!

The OTAC scale, used to measure antioxidant concentration ranks cinnamon a respectable number 7 in all herbs, spices, and foods and was the hands down antioxidant- concentration winner in the herbs and spices category, beating out rosemary, thyme and oregano.

Cinnamon in a mug

The antioxidants in cinnamon also contribute to its anti -inflammatory effects, which can help decrease the risk of cancer, diminish decline of brain function, and heart disease. Research has revealed the presence of over seven kinds of flavanoid compounds in cinnamon, which are known for their ability in fighting disease -causing inflammation throughout the body. Because of its anti-inflammatory properties, cinnamon is also an effective source of pain relief, helping to soothe muscle soreness, allergic reactions, and PMS pains.

Heart Health
Another health benefit of cinnamon is its ability to reduce cholesterol levels and high blood pressure, two of the most common factors for heart disease. Compounds in the spice can reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol while stabilizing HDL (good) cholesterol, promoting heart health.

Research also shows cinnamon boosts blood circulation and aids the body in its ability to repair tissue after it’s been damaged, including heart tissue.

Fights Diabetes
Also an effective anti-diabetic, cinnamon can help lower levels of blood sugar and improve insulin sensitivity. This is because cinnamon is capable of blocking enzymes that allow the blood to absorb glucose, decreasing the amount of sugars that enter the bloodstream, which is especially beneficial to diabetics.

Cinnamon powder

Prevents Cognitive Decline
Cinnamon protects cognitive function by activating proteins that protect brain cells from damage and reduces oxidative stress. Furthermore, its high concentration of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds make it a candidate for possible therapeutic treatment in preventing age-related disease.

Lowers Risk of Cancer
You can also add the ability to lower cancer risk to this spice’s already impressive resume. Cinnamon protects against cell mutation, DNA damage and tumor growth, Studies show that is the compound cinnamaldehyde that is responsible for the inhibition of cancer growth and also the cause of apoptosis, the self-destruction of cancer cells.

Protects Against Bad Breath
Cinnamon Trident, anyone? Studies show cinnamon contains extracts that protect against bacteria that cause bad breath, cavities and tooth decay. Furthermore, the essential oils in cinnamon have proven more potent than any other known plant extracts. It can be used naturally as an anti-bacterial mouthwash and as a flavoring agent in chewing gum to remove oral bacteria.

What do your sprinkle your cinnamon on? Let us know your innovative ways of spicing things up!

Key Anti-Aging Ingredients

Wouldn’t it be nice if we could just click a button and magically stop our aging in its tracks? Well, of course, that would be amazing but unfortunately, we don’t have that luxury. We DO however have the ability to consume a number of ingredients that will help us slow down the aging process and look our best over time!

Woman applying sunscreen

First and Foremost. Sunscreen.
Sunscreen is easily overlooked and passed by day after day. Many of us think that sunscreen is only necessary when we are going to be in the sun for extended periods of times. But, we are so, SO wrong. Sunscreen should be part of your daily “getting ready” routine. Yes, that means before your makeup and before you leave your house for a “normal” day that may not even include any outside time. The sun’s harmful rays have a way of getting to our skin even in very short amounts of time. Using sunscreen daily helps prevent and slow the development of wrinkled, aged skin. As a result, your skin appears smoother and has a healthy glow rather than the leathery look the sun can cause.

Alpha-Hydroxy Acids are the Next Best Option to Save Your Skin!
How would an acid prevent aging?!? Well, not all acids are bad for the human body. Alpha-hydroxy acids or AHAs have been around for quite some time but recently there has been more attention brought to them for their lasting effects on keeping your skin young! AHAs are found in nature, specifically in fruit and milk. These acids work to break apart the intercellular glue that holds old skin cells on the epidermis. Without this happening, your skin looks finer and brighter. That’s not it! Alpha-hydroxy acids also work to increase the production of collagen and elastic, both necessary for healthy looking skin. This leaves your skin feeling oh-so-soft because it allows your skin to retain more moisture. Be sure to apply your sunscreen before going into the sun if you are planning on introducing AHAs to your beauty regime. AHAs can cause your skin to be more sensitive to the sun but are TOTALLY worth the anti-aging benefits.

Retinol formula

Retinol AKA Vitamin A
Retinol is one of the most effective ingredients that has a way of telling cells how to act like an un-aged, healthier, younger skin cell. In other words, retinol is able to stop free-radical harm within skin cells that ultimately results in aged, wrinkly skin. Just as Alpha-Hydroxy Acids, it also has the ability to increase collagen production for smoother skin. But wait, that’s not all! This vitamin will literally decrease the appearance of discolorations on your skin from previous sun damage. Remember when you are shopping for Retinol products to stick to products that are in an opaque, closed container as sun exposure can break down the vitamins. In addition, start with a small mix of retinol and your normal moisturizer. Retinol creams can be known to aggravate skin so it is best to gradually introduce it into your daily routine.

The Spot Remover: Hydroquinone
For those who are looking for a way to look younger by banishing those darn dark sunspots from years of sun damage, you might want to try hydroquinone. Skin bleaching is a controversial topic so this product should be used with caution. A small amount will go a long way. This product will virtually fade hyperpigmentation by stopping the enzymes that increase melanin production.

Skin Care/ Beauty Ingredients and Trends to Look for in 2016

It’s so exciting to see the innovations coming from skin care and beauty experts. New ingredients, new formulations and increasing the effectiveness of products are all things that the skin care and beauty industries are constantly working on. Each year there are ingredients and skin care/beauty trends that seem to be the only thing industry experts, leaders and influencers are talking about. Want to get a first look at the ingredients and skin care/ beauty trends that you should be looking for this year? Check out the top three items to watch when it comes to skin care and beauty.


Niacinamide has been growing in popularity for several years, but it looks like 2016 will be the year that this amazing skin care ingredient really takes the spotlight. Niacinamide is also known as vitamin B3 or nicotinic acid and is a serious multitasker in the world of skin care. Major uses for niacinamide include strengthening skin’s barrier function, improving elasticity, evening out your skin tone and decreasing pore size. This potent cell-communicating ingredient is also used in the treatment of acne, which makes niacinamide perfect for those who struggle with both fine lines and wrinkles and acne.

Woman applying foundation.

Makeup with Skin Care Benefits
Sunscreen in products like foundation has been around for quite some time, but you can expect beauty products in 2016 to have more healthy skin ingredients than ever before. Previously, cosmetics that included skin care ingredients did so in very small concentrations, but cosmetic companies today are formulating products with levels of anti-aging ingredients that can actually make a difference in your skin care. Experts believe that it might take some effort to sort out the good ones, but foundations, BB and CC creams, tinted moisturizers, and even some concealers formulated with meaningful amounts of anti-aging ingredients such as dark spot faders, antioxidants, and skin-repairing ingredients are stepping up the skincare-makeup hybrid category. One of the most exciting skin care additions is SPF in lip and eye products, which are frequently overlooked when it comes to sun protection.


Inspired by K-beauty, layering skin care products was wildly popular in 2015 and this craze is not going anywhere in 2016. Because the layering trend is sticking around, companies are offering products that are incredibly lightweight and water-like to treat skin concerns. Essences are not only important in complex skin care routines that require layering, they are also incredibly beneficial for those with oily and/or acne-prone skin because they deliver potent anti-aging formulas in super lightweight and non-greasy formulas.

Other skin care trends you can expect to see in 2016 include a surge in popularity of products with omega and fatty acids and boosters that supercharge your skin care products. The increased popularity and prevalence of facial masks in 2015 is going nowhere in 2016, so expect to see tons of new masks to address skin care concerns. When it comes to skin care and beauty, some ingredients and trends are just marketing hype, but our top three list are proven to be effective and beneficial to your skin, so you can have the healthiest skin in 2016.

How 3 Powerful Anti-Aging Ingredients in Skincare Work

There are so many anti-aging ingredients available in skincare today that it becomes difficult to know which ones really work and what exactly these ingredients do to your skin. Three incredible anti-aging products are retinol, resveratrol and peptides. If you’ve heard these words but wondered what they actually meant to your skin in terms of aging, wonder no more. These three powerful anti-aging ingredients aren’t just fads, they have been proven to work by scientific research. Find out more about three of the best anti-aging ingredients below.


One of our very favorite anti-aging ingredients ever, resveratrol is an incredibly potent antioxidant. Resveratrol is found in berries such as blueberries and blackberries and some nuts like peanuts, but the highest concentration of resveratrol is found in the skins of grape. As it relates to skincare, resveratrol is highly effective at protecting your cells against oxidative damage. Free radicals that are produced by exposure to oxygen and sunlight damage collagen and activates enzymes that break down elastin and collagen, but resveratrol is able to combat free radical damage. Additionally, resveratrol is an anti-inflammatory and a small study published in the American Journal of Clinical Dermatology, indicated that resveratrol may also be useful in the treatment of acne and acne scarring.

Dubbed the King (or Queen) of anti-aging, retinol is a true skincare superstar that can solve a wide variety of skin issues from aging to acne. Retinol is the entire vitamin A molecule and retinoids are all derivatives of vitamin A. Retinol and retinoids have anti-aging benefits in skincare products because they prompt skin cells on the surface of your skin to turnover and die more rapidly. In doing this, retinol makes way for new cell growth underneath, which will reveal newer and healthier skin. Retinol also prevents the breakdown of collagen and make deeper layers of your skin, where wrinkles begin, thicker which slows the appearance of wrinkles. Additionally, retinol can help reduce dark spots caused by sun damage by gently exfoliating the skin and preventing the production of melanin which is responsible for skin pigmentation. Retinol is not only an anti-aging superstar, but it also is widely used to treat acne.


Collagen loss is one of the most troublesome areas when it comes to aging and your skin and peptides can help to fight this issue. Peptides are chains of amino acids that serve as the building of protein in the skin, such as collagen. Collagen is responsible for skin thickness and suppleness, but your production naturally slows down as you age. When peptides form a short chain of amino acids, they can send signals to your skin cells that tell them how they should be behaving. Applied topically, peptides send signals to your cells that indicates it’s time to begin the formation of new collagen. As new collagen forms, the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles is diminished.

Anti-aging ingredients can be very powerful on their own, but most work better when combined with other ingredients as well. Now that you know what these amazing anti-aging ingredients do, you can look for products that contain them with confidence that they are going to perform well for your needs.

Best of 2015: New Ingredients That Fight Aging

Woman applying skin cream

Retinol, vitamin C, alpha and beta-hydroxy acids and hyaluronic acid, you know what anti-aging ingredients your skin care should contain. Or do you? Because the study and science of skin care are constantly evolving, there are always new anti-aging ingredients available and while some are nothing more than marketing hype, some new ingredients have scientific research and proof that they do what they promise. Check out three of the best new anti-aging ingredients introduced or made popular in 2015.

Growth Factors
Many anti-aging skin care ingredients are intended to increase antioxidants or increase collagen levels, but growth factors take this to a new level. As you age, your body’s natural growth factors decrease which results in a loss of natural collagen, collagen-preserving chemicals, antioxidant reserves and antioxidant-reserving mechanisms. All of this results in skin that is sagging, wrinkled, thin and dry. Growth factors don’t just give your collagen or antioxidants a boost, they are actually designed to increase the production of natural collagen, collagen-preserving chemicals, antioxidant reserves and antioxidant-reserving mechanisms within your skin naturally. Applied topically, growth factors have been shown to stimulate collagen production within your skin which gives you more firmness and elasticity in your skin.


Seaweed Skin Care
Skin care experts have been looking to aquatic life to discover effective ingredients for anti-aging purposes. One of the most exciting species scientists have uncovered is Okinawa red algae. While algae doesn’t sound super appealing to apply to your skin, reserve your judgement until you’ve heard what it can do. Okinawa red algae is very similar to your skin’s collagen, meaning that it can enhance water retention in your skin and that it may improve the barrier function of your skin. Okinawa red algae also contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, proteins and nearly all essential vitamins. Seaweeds, like Okinawa red algae, are seen as a very promising part of sustainable development in regions that are surrounded by water.

Fulvic Acid
If you’ve never heard of fulvic acid you aren’t alone, but chances are you’ll be hearing about it soon. Fulvic acid is a hydrating anti-aging ingredient that has intense antioxidant properties. This amazing ingredient is known for being both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory and is already a popular anti-aging ingredient in Australia. Fulvic acid has been shown to treat symptoms of dry skin, redness, inflammation and irritation that are associated with skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis and contact dermatitis. Its antioxidant properties is an incredibly potent free-radical destroyer, which means that it can fight signs of aging such as sagging skin, fine lines and wrinkles.

These skin care ingredients are extremely promising when it comes to their anti-aging claims, but remember that there is no single ingredient that will solve all of your aging problems. A consistent skin care routine, healthy diet and proper hydration are also a part of your solution to aging. These three new anti-aging ingredients combined with other anti-aging ingredients can help you combat fine lines, wrinkles and sagging skin. Be on the lookout for products containing the above skin care ingredients and watch as your skin becomes younger-looking, healthier and more radiant.

Spotlight on VItamin C

There is no doubt that you know vitamin C. It’s an essential vitamin for your body, providing multiple benefits, perhaps most famously immune support. If you have been paying attention to skin care for the past few years, you know that vitamin C is an increasingly popular ingredient among skin care lines from your drugstore to the highest luxury brands. While some skin care ingredients are trendy and popular for a few seasons or years, vitamin C is a stellar ingredient that remains a constant staple in many products.

Closeup of an orange

Why Vitamin C?
Vitamin C is a potent, naturally occurring antioxidant. It is a water-soluble vitamin that is necessary for normal growth and development. Vitamin C provides benefits to your body by:

  • Forming a protein required to make skin, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels
  • Helping wounds heal and forming scar tissue
  • Repairing and maintaining healthy bones, teeth and cartilage

While these are all critical to your health, vitamin C also has dermatological properties. Some of the amazing benefits from using products with vitamin C include:

  • Reduction in photo-ageing (brown spots and sun damage spots)
  • Reduction in inflammation and irritation
  • Providing a boost in collagen production
  • Fighting damage from free radical oxidation
  • Fading red marks that occur post-acne

What Type of Vitamin C Should I Use?
The usual form of vitamin C as it relates to skin care is ascorbic acid, also referred to as L-ascorbic acid. Perhaps the main reason that this form of vitamin C is the most prevalent in skin care is that it has the most research and scientific study of all forms of vitamin C for skin care. If the ascorbic acid is formulated properly, it provides every skin care benefit listed above. For more stubborn pigmentation and post-acne marks, you can use a product containing a higher (15% or higher) concentration of ascorbic acid.

Though ascorbic acid is the most frequently used in skin care, it is not the only form of vitamin C that finds its way into skin care products. Other forms of vitamin C that are believed to be effective for dermatological care are:

  • Retinyl ascorbate
  • Ascorbyl palmitate
  • Tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate
  • Sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate

All of these are derivatives of vitamin C that provide benefits such as protection from free radicals to repairing skin to increasing collagen production, though there is not as much research on these forms.

Woman applying moisturizer

How to Use Vitamin C
Using vitamin C topically is pretty straightforward; you purchase a product that provides benefits your skin needs and you apply the product as directed. However, there are some things you should take into consideration when purchasing skin care that includes vitamin C. First, while vitamin C is helpful on its own, it works even better when combined with other antioxidants, so look for product formulations that include vitamin C as well as other antioxidants, such as green tea. Next, it is important to consider the packaging of the product. Sure, you like nice looking products displayed in your bathroom, but sacrifice beauty for function if necessary. Vitamin C, along with every other antioxidant, has the tendency to destabilize when exposed to light or air. Look for a container that is air-tight or that uses a pump that can close and that is opaque so the light cannot penetrate the product.

Vitamin C is truly a necessity for your body, especially for your skin. Ascorbic acid, and other forms of vitamin C, provide a large range of benefits that help you to get the best skin possible.

Anti-Aging Ingredients For Any Age

You hear it all the time, “you can never start an anti-aging routine too early.” While this is true, it often leads to a bit of confusion when it comes to what you should be doing with your skin. The skin of a 20-year-old requires different ingredients than the skin of a 50-year-old woman. Some ingredients, such as antioxidants, can benefit all skin types but should be used in different formulations of concentrations. Luckily, we’ve uncovered the most important skin care ingredients for a variety of ages.

Woman applying sunscreen in a beach.

You may scoff at starting an anti-aging routine at 20 because the skin is still firm, plump and radiant, but prevention is important. Perhaps the most important anti-aging ingredient in your 20s is finding a great sunscreen. Sun damage is one of the leading causes of premature aging, and using sun protection every single day helps to reduce damage done by UV rays. As mentioned above, antioxidants are important at every age when it comes to fighting aging. Free radicals, found in environmental factors such as pollution, are constantly threatening damage to your skin. Twenty-year-old skin benefits particularly from antioxidants such as green tea extract and vitamins C and E.

Woman getting a facial session in a spa.

It is usually in their 30s that most women begin to notice fine lines and the first wrinkles. To combat this, it becomes increasingly important that you exfoliate your skin and help it to regenerate new, healthy skin. As you age the amount of collagen and elastin in your skin decreases and because regeneration slows down, your skin may appear to have an uneven tone and texture. A chemical exfoliant is one of the most important ingredients for women in their 30s. If you have dry or sensitive skin, consider use of an AHA exfoliant. If your skin is more on the combination to oily spectrum, use a BHA daily to gently exfoliate and help skin cell turnover. Another ingredient to begin incorporating into your skin care routine in your 30s is retinol.

Mature woman getting a beauty treatment in a spa.

Wrinkles and fine lines become more pronounced and sun damage is often visible at this stage. Additionally, your skin thins a bit, so it is important to find ingredients that firm and plump your skin. Retinoids are a great way to increase the skin’s barrier function and hyaluronic acid helps to plump your skin from the inside out. Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the body and holds up to 1,000 times its weight in water making it perfect for hydration and plumpness.

Mature woman looking into the mirror

Hormones play a role in your skin’s appearance your entire life, and significant hormonal changes in the 50s can lead to severe dryness of your skin. At this point, it is important to hydrate and nurture your skin. Ingredients like glycerin and ceramides help repair the moisture barrier to your skin and add extra nourishment. Additionally, vitamin E helps to soften rough, flaky skin.

While the needs your skin has at particular ages is different, it is always important to take good care of it.  A proper routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps keep skin healthy. And don’t forget the sunscreen because sun damage occurs across the ages.

Why We Love Resveratrol – Vine Vera Reviews

Glass of wine and red grapes on a plate.

Chances are that you have heard at least a little bit about resveratrol. This compound is much more than your excuse to drink a bit of red wine, there are some really significant health benefits that can result as well. Health experts and doctors remind you to drink in moderation, even when it is a beneficial red wine. Below are the top five reasons that we love resveratrol (and why you should too!).

Lowers Cholesterol
Your body has levels of “good” cholesterol (HDL) and “bad” cholesterol (LDL). Your “bad” cholesterol, or LDLs, are deposited on your heart’s arterial wall and form harmful plaque. When plaque forms in your arteries, the arteries respond by becoming stiff. In addition, LDLs cause a rise in blood pressure and a predisposition to heart attacks. Resveratrol in red wine is thought to lower the level of LDLs in your body, thus decreasing your risk for heart-related injuries. In fact, one study showed that participants taking a grape supplement, naturally found in red wine, lowered their level of “bad” cholesterol by nearly 10%. In participants who previous had significantly higher blood pressure levels, the number jumped to a 12% drop in LDL levels.

Enhances Memory
Resveratrol  is also thought to benefit your brain. Alzheimer’s is the number one form of dementia and unfortunately, can occur early on in life as opposed to only being a disease of the aging. Patients with Alzheimer’s have plaque formations in their brains and resveratrol is thought to help lower the risk of this plaque. A major component of the brain plaque is beta-amyloid protein and it is believed that resveratrol hinders the formation of this substance.

Red grapes in a bowl besides a glass of wine.

Control Blood Sugar
Diabetes incidences are on the rise and many people, whether diagnosed or not, have some level of glucose intolerance, which is a precursor to diabetes. Controlling blood sugar is not always an easy task, but resveratrol may be able to help. The skin of the grapes used for red wines are a major source of red wine’s resveratrol. A study involving the use of a resveratrol supplement indicated that those who took 250mg once a day for 90 days significantly lowered their blood glucose levels as opposed to those who received control pills.

Discourages Cancer Cells
Resveratrol is not the cure for cancer, but there are some interesting findings regarding how resveratrol affects cells afflicted with cancer. It is thought that resveratrol inhibits the spread of cancerous cells throughout the body. Some believe that resveratrol enhances atopsis, which is the automatic death of cancer cells.

Longer Life
While there have not been any human studies,  there are animal studies that indicate that resveratrol may actually help prolong your life. A study using mice fed them a high caloric diet. One group of mice received resveratrol as a supplement and the other did not. The mice receiving the resveratrol supplement lived significantly longer than the control group. Researchers believe that this is due to the fact that resveratrol mimics the benefits of a diet that is calorie restricted, which is known to benefit lifespan.

So go ahead and pour yourself a glass of red wine and relax a bit while providing your body with the wonder of resveratrol.

The Truth About Combining Vitamins A and C – Vine Vera Reviews

If you thought you could not combine vitamins A and C in your skin care, it’s time to think again. Vitamin A and vitamin C, contrary to popular myths, actually work incredibly well together and are a fantastic combination for anti-aging among other skin care benefits.

Vitamin A infused skin care product.

Vitamin A (Retinol)
There are two sources from which vitamin A comes:  preformed retinoids and provitamin carotenoids. Retinoids are naturally occurring in animal sources and carotenoids are found in darker or yellow vegetables and carrots. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and is an incredibly common ingredient in skin care. Retinol is a cell-communicating ingredient and skin care experts believe that this indicates that when the retinol gets absorbed into the skin, it can dictate terms to living cells to create healthier and younger cells and also to enhance the production of new skin cells. Retinol works to increase cell turnover from deep layers of the skin.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Your body requires vitamin C to produce collagen in your bones, cartilage, muscles and blood vessels. This water-soluble vitamin is a potent antioxidant that shields skin from damaging free radicals. One of the most common uses for vitamin C in skin care is to reduce the appearance of aging or sun spots by lightening them. It also decreases skin inflammation and irritation and boosts collagen. Ascorbic acid is the most beneficial form of vitamin C and is a common ingredient in many skin care products.

Woman applying vitamin C serum on her skin.

Why Vitamin A and Vitamin C Should be Used Together
There popular myth that has been perpetuated in skin care is that vitamin A and vitamin C should not be used together. Many skin care experts turn this falsehood into a compelling reason as to why you should mix vitamin A and vitamin C. Vitamin C is known to require a low pH in order to remain stable. It is also known that retinol works best in an acidic environment. Now, as the pH level of your skin is naturally acidic, research shows us that there is a clear case where combining retinol and vitamin C makes total sense.

Scientific research in the beauty industry has proven that the most effective products are those that include combinations of vitamins. One of the most common, and beneficial, combinations of vitamins is that of vitamins A, C and E. As previously mentioned, vitamin C is incredibly effective at fighting free radicals. When vitamin C does this, vitamin A is protected from oxidation as it penetrates deeper layers of skin. This process leads to an increase in the anti-aging benefits of retinol.

Though there has been a lot of talk about why certain vitamins should not be mixed, the vitamin A and C myth is just not true. In fact, the combination of these two vitamins provides an array of skin care benefits from anti-aging to fighting harmful free radicals. When shopping for your next effective anti-aging cream or serum, look for the ingredients retinol and ascorbic (or L-ascorbic) acid to achieve maximum results from your skin care products.