Tag Archives: Aging

Key Anti-Aging Ingredients

Wouldn’t it be nice if we could just click a button and magically stop our aging in its tracks? Well, of course, that would be amazing but unfortunately, we don’t have that luxury. We DO however have the ability to consume a number of ingredients that will help us slow down the aging process and look our best over time!

Woman applying sunscreen

First and Foremost. Sunscreen.
Sunscreen is easily overlooked and passed by day after day. Many of us think that sunscreen is only necessary when we are going to be in the sun for extended periods of times. But, we are so, SO wrong. Sunscreen should be part of your daily “getting ready” routine. Yes, that means before your makeup and before you leave your house for a “normal” day that may not even include any outside time. The sun’s harmful rays have a way of getting to our skin even in very short amounts of time. Using sunscreen daily helps prevent and slow the development of wrinkled, aged skin. As a result, your skin appears smoother and has a healthy glow rather than the leathery look the sun can cause.

Alpha-Hydroxy Acids are the Next Best Option to Save Your Skin!
How would an acid prevent aging?!? Well, not all acids are bad for the human body. Alpha-hydroxy acids or AHAs have been around for quite some time but recently there has been more attention brought to them for their lasting effects on keeping your skin young! AHAs are found in nature, specifically in fruit and milk. These acids work to break apart the intercellular glue that holds old skin cells on the epidermis. Without this happening, your skin looks finer and brighter. That’s not it! Alpha-hydroxy acids also work to increase the production of collagen and elastic, both necessary for healthy looking skin. This leaves your skin feeling oh-so-soft because it allows your skin to retain more moisture. Be sure to apply your sunscreen before going into the sun if you are planning on introducing AHAs to your beauty regime. AHAs can cause your skin to be more sensitive to the sun but are TOTALLY worth the anti-aging benefits.

Retinol formula

Retinol AKA Vitamin A
Retinol is one of the most effective ingredients that has a way of telling cells how to act like an un-aged, healthier, younger skin cell. In other words, retinol is able to stop free-radical harm within skin cells that ultimately results in aged, wrinkly skin. Just as Alpha-Hydroxy Acids, it also has the ability to increase collagen production for smoother skin. But wait, that’s not all! This vitamin will literally decrease the appearance of discolorations on your skin from previous sun damage. Remember when you are shopping for Retinol products to stick to products that are in an opaque, closed container as sun exposure can break down the vitamins. In addition, start with a small mix of retinol and your normal moisturizer. Retinol creams can be known to aggravate skin so it is best to gradually introduce it into your daily routine.

The Spot Remover: Hydroquinone
For those who are looking for a way to look younger by banishing those darn dark sunspots from years of sun damage, you might want to try hydroquinone. Skin bleaching is a controversial topic so this product should be used with caution. A small amount will go a long way. This product will virtually fade hyperpigmentation by stopping the enzymes that increase melanin production.

B Vitamins and Aging

We have more than enough to worry about as we age, so wouldn’t it be nice to solve at least one problem before it happens, or correct it if it already has? This probably sounds like a no-brainer, and with recent advances in medical knowledge, it’s even easier to arm yourself with information to make sure you age gracefully.

Not much was understood about the relationship between B vitamins and aging until somewhat recently, but it is becoming rather clear with recent discoveries that there is likely some kind of connection worth exploring.

Vitamins

Vitamin B12 Deficiency and Age
One thing to be keenly aware of is that as you get up there in years, your body looses some of its ability to absorb and process vitamin B12 from your diet. This can lead to a number of symptoms, like anemia, (which often manifests as sluggishness, generalized weakness, and fatigue), muscle weakness, shakiness, incontinence, unsteady gait, low blood pressure, fatigue, cognitive problems (including poor memory), and mood disorders like depression, mood swings, etc. A vast majority of these symptoms, save for anemia, will generally be simply dismissed as “signs of aging.” This can be avoided by simply taking a vitamin B12 supplement.

B Vitamin Myths
The only solid evidence for a connection between B vitamins and aging is that our bodies grow less proficient at absorbing vitamin B12 as we grow older, and this should probably be corrected for. You should be skeptical of any other claims, such as purported links between overloading on B vitamins and improved skin appearance and health. In fact, overdosing on some B vitamins can cause serious side effects. Too much vitamin B-3 (Niacin) can cause skin flushing, pain, liver toxicity, and high blood sugar. Too much vitamin B-6 can cause nerve damage and skin lesions. Too much B-9 (aka Folate or Folic Acid) can cause kidney damage, and can mask the presence of a B-12 deficiency, if you have one. Too much vitamin B-12 can cause acne and rosacea in some. Of course, deficiencies have nasty side effects too, but taking way more than necessary is, as you can see, more harmful than helpful.

In short, definitely do take a vitamin B-12 supplement to prevent deficiency as you age, but don’t take more than 100% DV on B12 or any other B vitamins, or almost any vitamins, for that matter.

As ever, a healthy dose of doubt is always helpful in discerning fact from fiction, whether in skincare, overall health, or life in general. And when in doubt, see if you can find a consensus of expert opinion—which means a majority of experts are in agreement, not just one or two—and/or double-blind controlled-variable clinical studies. If you can’t find either, take the claim as an unknown possibility at best, and falsification at worst.

Why Retinol is so Important for Anti-Aging

Retinol, while not a new skincare ingredient, is everywhere and pops up in products from potent antioxidant serums to foundations. The reason that retinol is everywhere? Because it works. Retinol is an incredibly effective skincare ingredient that fights the signs of aging and encourages skin to act in a younger, healthier way. Find out just what retinol is and why it is so important for anti-aging below.

Vitamin A chemical formula

What is Retinol?
Retinol is just another name for vitamin A and it can be broken down into more potent compounds that are referred to as retinoids. “Retinol is an extremely effective cell-communicating ingredient, which means it can literally connect to almost any skin cell and tell it to behave like a healthy, younger skin cell,” explains skincare expert Paula Begoun. Retinol is somewhat of an umbrella term and the vitamin A molecule is broken down into many derivatives of vitamin A that are known as retinoids. In a paper published on PubMed Central, a service of the US National Library of Medicine, the authors state that “retinoids are very well known to influence a variety of cellular processes, such as cellular growth and differentiation, cell surface alterations and immune modulation.” It is the influence that retinol and retinol derivatives have at the cellular level that are responsible for the immense anti-aging benefits of these ingredients.

How Does Retinol Counteract Aging?
“Retinol is an antioxidant, and thus can help interrupt the free-radical damage process that cause skin to look and act older. This action helps prevent wrinkling and increases collagen production,” says Begoun. In order to actually influence cell behavior, retinol has to undergo a process of breakdown and conversion. “Before retinol can successfully go to work in skin, it must be converted into it’s active form – all-trans retinoic acid. Once retinol has been applied to skin, enzymes in the skin break it down into all-trans retinoic acid, which then goes on to help regulate cell function,” notes Begoun.

As you age, the effects of sun damage become more visible and apparent in the forms of discoloration or sun spots, fine lines and wrinkles and larger pores. Retinol, when converted to retinoic acid, is able to influence cells that fight against these signs of aging. Although retinol can’t reduce large pores caused by genetics, it is able to decrease pore size that occurs as a result of sun damage. In addition, retinol promotes an increase in substances that enhance and improve the skin’s structural elements, meaning your skin is strengthened, and retinol is also helpful at stimulating collagen production which reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Retinol is available in a variety of forms and can be found in cosmetic products that are readily available. There are also prescription strength retinol products that are used both for acne and aging. Before beginning a retinol regime, it’s important to know that retinol can cause sensitivity and irritation and it often takes some time before your skin gets used to this ingredient. Consulting with a dermatologist or doctor is a great way to know what concentration of retinol would be most beneficial. While there is no single ingredient that magically solves aging concerns, when retinol is used with other quality ingredients and products, it is an incredibly effective ingredient that helps skin look and act younger.

Best of 2015: New Ingredients That Fight Aging

Woman applying skin cream

Retinol, vitamin C, alpha and beta-hydroxy acids and hyaluronic acid, you know what anti-aging ingredients your skin care should contain. Or do you? Because the study and science of skin care are constantly evolving, there are always new anti-aging ingredients available and while some are nothing more than marketing hype, some new ingredients have scientific research and proof that they do what they promise. Check out three of the best new anti-aging ingredients introduced or made popular in 2015.

Growth Factors
Many anti-aging skin care ingredients are intended to increase antioxidants or increase collagen levels, but growth factors take this to a new level. As you age, your body’s natural growth factors decrease which results in a loss of natural collagen, collagen-preserving chemicals, antioxidant reserves and antioxidant-reserving mechanisms. All of this results in skin that is sagging, wrinkled, thin and dry. Growth factors don’t just give your collagen or antioxidants a boost, they are actually designed to increase the production of natural collagen, collagen-preserving chemicals, antioxidant reserves and antioxidant-reserving mechanisms within your skin naturally. Applied topically, growth factors have been shown to stimulate collagen production within your skin which gives you more firmness and elasticity in your skin.

Seaweed.

Seaweed Skin Care
Skin care experts have been looking to aquatic life to discover effective ingredients for anti-aging purposes. One of the most exciting species scientists have uncovered is Okinawa red algae. While algae doesn’t sound super appealing to apply to your skin, reserve your judgement until you’ve heard what it can do. Okinawa red algae is very similar to your skin’s collagen, meaning that it can enhance water retention in your skin and that it may improve the barrier function of your skin. Okinawa red algae also contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, proteins and nearly all essential vitamins. Seaweeds, like Okinawa red algae, are seen as a very promising part of sustainable development in regions that are surrounded by water.

Fulvic Acid
If you’ve never heard of fulvic acid you aren’t alone, but chances are you’ll be hearing about it soon. Fulvic acid is a hydrating anti-aging ingredient that has intense antioxidant properties. This amazing ingredient is known for being both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory and is already a popular anti-aging ingredient in Australia. Fulvic acid has been shown to treat symptoms of dry skin, redness, inflammation and irritation that are associated with skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis and contact dermatitis. Its antioxidant properties is an incredibly potent free-radical destroyer, which means that it can fight signs of aging such as sagging skin, fine lines and wrinkles.

These skin care ingredients are extremely promising when it comes to their anti-aging claims, but remember that there is no single ingredient that will solve all of your aging problems. A consistent skin care routine, healthy diet and proper hydration are also a part of your solution to aging. These three new anti-aging ingredients combined with other anti-aging ingredients can help you combat fine lines, wrinkles and sagging skin. Be on the lookout for products containing the above skin care ingredients and watch as your skin becomes younger-looking, healthier and more radiant.

The Benefits of Green Tea for Your Skin

Green tea

You’ve probably heard of the health benefits of green tea from aiding weight loss to improving your brain function and the amazing powers of green tea don’t stop there. Green tea is also a seriously valuable addition to your skincare routine. The antioxidants in green tea provide your skin with enormous benefits. Keep reading to find out what benefits green tea has for your skin, and how you can use it to improve your complexion.

Fights Acne
When you drink green tea, it helps flush unwanted toxins from your body and the same is true when green tea is applied topically. In addition to removing unwanted toxins, green tea helps heal existing blemishes while also soothing and smoothing out your complexion. How is green tea able to do this? Green tea contains antibacterial agents known as catechins that both help to regulate your hormones and to suppress any acne-causing bacteria. The soothing and evening out of your complexion is due to the anti-inflammatory properties that green tea has. It reduces redness, minimizes any inflammation caused by zits and helps zits to heal more quickly and without scarring.

Combats Aging
Green tea is packed with powerful antioxidant properties that help stop premature signs of aging like fine lines and wrinkles, sunspots and loose skin. Your cells die for a variety of reasons and the EGCG compounds in green tea can actually reactivate these dying cells whether they are dying due to poor diet and lifestyle, sun damage or environmental pollutants. Another powerhouse antioxidant contained in green tea is oligomeric proanthocyanidins, or OPCs, that are incredibly effective when fighting against free radical damage. Additionally, OPCs are capable of healing damaged cells and inhibiting the enzymes responsible for the breakdown of collagen and elastin, both of which are essential to the strength and suppleness of your skin.

Improves Eye Area
If you suffer from tired, puffy eyes and dark circles, you may be reaching for green tea bags soon. Green tea can ease tired looking eyes thanks to its caffeine, vitamin K and tannin content. You might already own an eye product that contains caffeine and this is because caffeine shrinks the blood vessels around your eye, reducing the appearance of puffiness and darkness. Tannins are responsible for stimulating healthy blood circulation and they also help to soothe and tighten the skin around your eyes.

Tones Skin
With the significant amount of antioxidants found in green tea, it makes an excellent skin toner or refreshing facial mist. As stated previously, these antioxidants soothe your skin, reduce redness and inflammation and heal any blemishes or other damage like cuts and scrapes. The anti-inflammatory antioxidants are perfect to soothe your skin while also tackling serious problems like collagen and elastin loss and acne-causing bacteria.

Green tea is an impressive skin care ingredient and using products that contain high amounts of green tea will result in healthy, young, radiant skin. You can also reap the benefits of green tea by making it and then allowing it to cool. Once this is done, soak a cotton ball in it for a toner, pour it into a spray bottle for a facial mist or use cooled green tea bags on your eye area. Healthy, happy skin can be yours when you incorporate green tea into your skincare routine.

The Truth About Combining Vitamins A and C – Vine Vera Reviews

If you thought you could not combine vitamins A and C in your skin care, it’s time to think again. Vitamin A and vitamin C, contrary to popular myths, actually work incredibly well together and are a fantastic combination for anti-aging among other skin care benefits.

Vitamin A infused skin care product.

Vitamin A (Retinol)
There are two sources from which vitamin A comes:  preformed retinoids and provitamin carotenoids. Retinoids are naturally occurring in animal sources and carotenoids are found in darker or yellow vegetables and carrots. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin and is an incredibly common ingredient in skin care. Retinol is a cell-communicating ingredient and skin care experts believe that this indicates that when the retinol gets absorbed into the skin, it can dictate terms to living cells to create healthier and younger cells and also to enhance the production of new skin cells. Retinol works to increase cell turnover from deep layers of the skin.

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)
Your body requires vitamin C to produce collagen in your bones, cartilage, muscles and blood vessels. This water-soluble vitamin is a potent antioxidant that shields skin from damaging free radicals. One of the most common uses for vitamin C in skin care is to reduce the appearance of aging or sun spots by lightening them. It also decreases skin inflammation and irritation and boosts collagen. Ascorbic acid is the most beneficial form of vitamin C and is a common ingredient in many skin care products.

Woman applying vitamin C serum on her skin.

Why Vitamin A and Vitamin C Should be Used Together
There popular myth that has been perpetuated in skin care is that vitamin A and vitamin C should not be used together. Many skin care experts turn this falsehood into a compelling reason as to why you should mix vitamin A and vitamin C. Vitamin C is known to require a low pH in order to remain stable. It is also known that retinol works best in an acidic environment. Now, as the pH level of your skin is naturally acidic, research shows us that there is a clear case where combining retinol and vitamin C makes total sense.

Scientific research in the beauty industry has proven that the most effective products are those that include combinations of vitamins. One of the most common, and beneficial, combinations of vitamins is that of vitamins A, C and E. As previously mentioned, vitamin C is incredibly effective at fighting free radicals. When vitamin C does this, vitamin A is protected from oxidation as it penetrates deeper layers of skin. This process leads to an increase in the anti-aging benefits of retinol.

Though there has been a lot of talk about why certain vitamins should not be mixed, the vitamin A and C myth is just not true. In fact, the combination of these two vitamins provides an array of skin care benefits from anti-aging to fighting harmful free radicals. When shopping for your next effective anti-aging cream or serum, look for the ingredients retinol and ascorbic (or L-ascorbic) acid to achieve maximum results from your skin care products.

Anti-Aging Ingredients for the Body – Vine Vera Reviews

Chances are you use some sort of anti-aging product for your face. Whether it’s eye cream, your daily moisturizer or even your sunscreen, you put effort into protecting your skin and preventing your face from showing signs of aging. But how often do you spend the same amount of time protecting the skin all over your body? Most of the time your body gets slathered in lotion and that’s the end. Maybe on a beach day you’ll break out the sunscreen, but the majority of the time you end up ignoring the skin on your body. However, the face isn’t the only part of your body that displays the signs of aging. Below Vine Vera lists the best ingredients to look for in anti-aging skincare.

Woman drinking orange juice and holding a piece of orange in her hands.

Vitamins C and E
Vitamin E is a highly effective anti-oxidant that protects your skin from losing collagen due to harmful UV rays. While it is also a great moisture, it is also a relatively unstable skin care ingredient and is subject to damage or being inactive when exposed to free radicals. Vitamin C helps keep Vitamin E stable and active. Vitamin C is a water-soluble antioxidant  that protects the lipid structures of sales and slows down the production of melanin. In slowing down the production of melanin, Vitamin C prevents hyperpigmentation. One of the most common forms of Vitamin C in skin care ingredients is L-ascorbic acid.

Peptides
You may have heard the term peptides where skin care is concerned but not quite understood why this ingredient is helpful. Peptides are molecules that have been built by the binding of one amino acid to another. This forms a short, penetrable chain that is incredibly efficient at stimulating the skin’s healing process and the rebuilding of the dermal matrix, which helps keep skin strong and healthy.

Grounded coffee mixed in curd for exfoliation.

Exfoliants
Many skin experts and doctors suggest that exfoliants are an essential part of a skin care regime. Two of the most popular exfoliants used in anti-aging skin care are glycolic and lactic acid. While you can exfoliate your skin with harsh scrubs or devices, experts recommend being gentle to your skin. When you use a mild exfoliant the result is a resurfacing that creates a healthy, natural exfoliation that removes only excess skin cells while keeping the normal, healthy balance your skin requires.

Glycolic is a small sized molecule. Due to it’s size, glycolic acid penetrates the skin very quickly. While some people appreciate this, experts are now beginning to lean more towards lactic acid as an efoliant as opposed to glycolic acid. The small size of the glycolic acid means that is can be harder to control on the skin than lactic acid.

Lactic acid stays on the skin for a longer period of time than glycolic acid. This is beneficial for your skin because it allows the lactic acid to work more effectively on the epidermis. The slower response of your skin to lactic acid also means that the results you see are far less harsh and there is less damage to the skin. Lactic acid acts as a neutralizer rather than a harsh exfoliant. Both acids do help with signs of aging such as wrinkles and dark age spots or sun damage.

When you take care of your body, you give yourself added health and vitality. Aim to always keep the skin on your body well moisturized. Look for a moisturizer with ingredients like Vitamin E or shea butter, these act as humectants that keep moisture in your skin. Don’t skip the sunscreen because sun damage does not just occur on your face. Healthy skin requires proper attention and products. Help reverse and repair signs of aging with these skin care ingredients.

Top Anti-Aging Skin Care Ingredients for 2015 – Vine Vera Reviews

Youth, and the importance of it, is an everyday all-day presence in our lives. From glossy magazine ads to the impossibly wrinkle-free skin of actors and actresses, we are constantly bombarded with images of perfect, glowing, youthful skin. And of course, much of the time the message is heard loud and clear and we seek out our own potions, pills and powders that promise us eternal youth. While we all know that we can’t turn back time and there isn’t a fountain of youth for us to bathe in, there are skin care ingredients that can dramatically help aging skin look, and feel more youthful. Vine Vera has rounded up the top anti-aging skin care ingredients for 2015 for you to check out.

Woman taking a bath with milk in a spa.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)
AHAs are a common ingredient among cosmetic products and there is a good reason for this. AHAs work best for people with normal to dry skin and these chemical compounds help to bind moisture, increase collagen production and improve the overall texture of skin. The most frequently used AHAs for cosmetic purposes are:

AHAs are also used in cosmetic or dermatology offices for chemical peels. When used in proper concentrations, there are often very few side effects. However, it is important to note that a chemical peel, administered by a dermatologist, that has the desired level of alpha hydroxy acids will result in severe side effects such as blisters, burning or discoloration. The good news is that these side effects are temporary and typically disappear within 24 to 48 hours.

Woman shocked to see acne on her cheeks in the mirror.

Beta hydroxy acids (BHAs)
Beta hydroxy acid is an organic compound that is best suited for those with combination to oily skin types. This compound is closely related to alpha hydroxy acids:  they are separated  by one carbon atom. Beta hydroxy acids for cosmetic purposes refer to salicylic acid, which is most commonly used to treat acne.

Woman scratching her arm because of eczema.

Fulvic Acid
Fulvic acid not only helps hydrate the skin (skin becomes less able to hold moisture the older we get) but it also is an anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial. This skin care ingredient already has a great reputation in Australia and is used to treat skin conditions such as skin dryness, redness and inflammation, psoriasis and eczema. One of the most exciting properties of fulvic acid is that it is an incredibly potent free-radical destroyer, which can help with signs of aging.

Diagram of a Vitamin A molecule

Stabilized Retinoids
Retinoids have been used for their anti-aging benefits for years. There are decades of clinical research that document their effectiveness as an anti-aging powerhouse. Retinoids help increase cell turnover to help fight wrinkles and smooth the appearance of the skin, fade sun spots or discoloration and build collagen. The stabiliztion of ingredients in skincare is important because it helps the ingredients to last significantly longer. Thus, stabilized retinoids last longer in their particular skin care formulation meaning that you receive the benefits for a longer period of time.

These skin care ingredients are being touted by experts for their ability to help reduce the visible signs of aging as well as other skin imperfections. Other things that you can do to help the appearance of your skin include adopting a healthier diet, exercise regularly and drink more water. Skin care continues to advance and provide better results in the way of anti-aging and at a faster rate. Make use of the skin care ingredients that benefit your skin type to begin seeing younger, more supple looking skin.

Vine Vera Reports: Exercise Can Keep Us Young – Vine Vera Reviews

Biking to stay in shape and stay youthful Aging has always been an extremely mysterious process and despite the wealth of scientific research, this mystery doesn’t show signs of getting solved in the near future. The research conducted around aging has shown that a number of cellular and body functions change in very undesirable ways as a person becomes older. Science hasn’t been able to determine whether these changes are due to the passage of time (which makes them inevitable) or due to a person’s lifestyle (which makes them mutable). Vine Vera Skincare reviewed a new study which determined that older people can physiologically resemble people much younger to them due to the effects that exercise has on aging.

The findings of this study also show that how a person ages is entirely up to the person and that the inevitability of physical decline might actually be incorrect. Most of the older people are known to be very sedentary nowadays and this ends up affecting their health, thereby making it difficult to separate the effects that sedentary lifestyles have on aging. This study was conducted by researchers working for the University of Birmingham, England and the King’s College London and published in The Journal of Physiology.

The researchers removed inactivity as a factor in this study and concentrated on studying the health of aged people who were actually quite active. According to the director of Centre of Human and Aerospace Physiological Science at King’s College London, Stephen Harridge, the researchers wanted to determine what happens to the functioning of the human body as the body ages in the best-case scenario. Thus, they recruited a total of 41 women and 85 men in the age group 55 to 79. All of these volunteers were serious recreational riders, but they were not competitive athletes.

To qualify for this study, the men had to complete 62 miles within 6.5 hours and the women had to complete 37 miles within 5.5 hours. The researchers also ran each volunteer through a number of cognitive and physical tests and determined the muscular mass, the endurance capacity, the metabolic health, memory function, pedaling power, muscular strength, memory function, reflexes and bone density for each volunteer. Moreover, each and every participant was also made to complete the Timed Up and Go test. To complete this test, they had to stand up from a chair without support, brisk walk for about 10 feet, walk all the way back to the chair and sit down. The results of the study were compared for each participant against the standard benchmarks and against each other.

As it turned out, the physical functioning of all cyclists remained to be stable across ages and that their performance was closer to people from a younger age bracket. The Timed Up and Go test results for most participants were also found to be exemplary. Most of the group required just 7 seconds to complete the task and even the oldest cyclists averaged just 5 seconds, which is considered to be within the norm for young adults. This study clearly goes on to indicate how important regular exercise is to ensure that you age properly and stay and mobile even in your old age.