Author Archives: Vine Vera Cosmetics

What Blueberries Can Do for Your Health

July is national blueberry month and to celebrate Vine Vera is giving you even more reasons to love this super fruit. When it comes to berry popularity in the United States, blueberries rank second in terms of consumption, and there is a good reason for that. These tasty little treats are not just a healthy snack, they also provide your body with multiple health benefits.

Blueberries in a basket on a wooden table.

Blueberries and Your Health
Blueberries contain anthocyanins, flavanoids and phenol compounds, all of which are aids in the fight against free radicals. These are also great for anti-inflammatory purposes. One of the phenol compounds in blueberries is resveratrol, which is our favorite antioxidant. Additionally, blueberries are an excellent source of vitamin C, which benefits both your skin and immune system. While blueberries help your body in many ways, we’ve chosen a few of the most awesome health benefits of blueberries to profile below.

Healthy Bones
You need strong, healthy bones to carry out nearly all of your daily tasks and the calcium provided by milk is not the only substance that contributes to bone health. Iron and zinc found in blueberries play a critical role in maintaining the strength and elasticity of both your bones and your joints. Other items found in blueberries that help keep your bones healthy and strong are:

  • Calcium
  • Manganese
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin K

Woman holding a bowl of blueberries

Heart Disease
Blueberries contain several things that help prevent heart disease, and they lack a major contributor to heart disease: cholesterol. Vitamins C and B6, fiber, potassium, folate and phytonutrient content, and the lack of cholesterol, all play a role in keeping heart disease away. The fiber is important because it decreases your blood pressure while vitamin B6 and folate work to prevent homocysteine buildup. When there is an accumulation of homocysteine, you are susceptible to blood vessel damage and heart problems.

Cancer
Because blueberries are packed with antioxidant such as vitamins A and C, resveratrol and other phytonutrients, they are helpful in the fight against free radical damage. Antioxidants also decrease any inflammation in your body and they help inhibit tumor growth. The folate contained in blueberries also contributes to DNA synthesis and repair. When getting a healthy amount of folate in your diet, such as from blueberries, you help prevent cancer cells from forming due to mutations in DNA.

Woman having blueberries from a bowl

Weight and Skin
If the above reasons aren’t enough to get you super excited for National Blueberry Month, these two may help. The antioxidants in blueberries, because of their power to fight free radicals, help protect your face from sun damage, environmental damage and signs of premature aging. In addition, the vitamin C in blueberries is essential to the production of collagen in your skin, which helps smooth out fine lines and wrinkles.

While eating a container of blueberries isn’t going to make you skinny, eating blueberries can help control your weight. Foods high in dietary fiber, like blueberries, help you to feel fuller for a longer period of time, which can help decrease your snacking.

Blueberries are delicious on their own, but there are so many ways you can incorporate these into your diet. Add a handful to your morning smoothie, toss some in with your salads or top your Greek yogurt with some blueberries. Celebrate National Blueberry Month with new and exciting ways to increase your intake of blueberries.

Level Up Your Skin Care Ingredients

The various vitamins, minerals and antioxidants your skin needs to be it’s healthiest come in a variety of forms. For instance, retinol (vitamin A) comes in many forms ranging from retinyl palmitate to tretinoin. Figuring out which form of a specific ingredient you need is tricky business, and ultimately will depend on your skin and it’s needs. However, we have a bit of a guide here that explains the different forms of ingredients and how they may, or may not, be what you want to look for in your skin care.

Chemical formula of Vitamin A on a blackboard

Vitamin A
Vitamin A, or retinol, has long been considered one of the most effective skin care ingredients in the fight against aging. Additionally, there are numerous acne treatments that harness the power of retinol. According to skin experts, retinol can be broken into certain potent compounds known as retinoids. Vitamin A, retinol and retinoids are terms that are usually used interchangeably, but each has its own regulations and distinctions. Retinol is labeled as a cosmetic ingredient and can be used in any formulations. The other forms of retinol that are rated as cosmetic-grade and can therefore be used in any formulation include retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate and retinaldehyde.

Which one is right for you? It depends on your skin and your needs. Basically, in order to be effective retinol must be broken down into retinoic acid to be most effective to your skin. Retinoids, then, must be broken down from retinyl acetate to retinol to retinoic acid. Retinoic acid in these forms are mostly used in over-the-counter skin products. For severe skin issues, consult a doctor or dermatologist about the use of prescrition retinoids such as adapalene, tazarotene and tretinoin.

Sliced oranges.

Vitamin C
Another vitamin with tons of skin benefits is vitamin C. The “best” form of vitamin C is ascorbic acid (or L-ascorbic acid). Perhaps because this form of vitamin C has the most research on skin benefits, this is the form of vitamin C that most frequently appears in well-formulated skin care products. Ascorbic acid helps produce new and younger looking skin and fades problems like sun damage or post-acne marks.

Other forms of vitamin C include ascorbyl palmitate, sodium ascorbyl phosphate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, retinyl ascorbate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphates. These are all derivatives of vitamin C that come with their own unique benefits, but largely include the repair and protection of free radical damage.

Chemical formula of vitamin B3.

Vitamin B
There are many types of vitamin B that are included in skin care and beauty products, many of which are used to treat specific skin care concerns. Vitamin B3 is also known as nicotinic acid and niacinamide and is a form of vitamin B to look into if you require skin care that focuses on anti-aging properties.

Vitamin B5 is another common ingredient in skin care and is also referred to as pantothenic acid. Pantothenic acid may help with acne issues and has been proven to provide hydration and healing properties to the skin. Panthenol is the alcohol form of pantothenic acid and is a frequent addition to beauty formulas for its humectant properties. It improves the barrier function of the skin and helps improve the cells responsible for creating collagen.

The cosmetic and beauty industry is an ever-changing business always featuring new technology and improved ingredients. Ultimately, the forms of ingredients that you desire will depend on the needs your skin has. However, with a little help from Vine Vera, you can get started on discerning what ingredient forms are best for you.

Next Level Ingredients to add to Your Skin Care Routine

Your skin is the largest organ in your body and it definitely deserves pampering and a little extra TLC. The first step in having great skin is by eating a balance diet full of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. But equally important to what you put into your body is what you put onto it. A good skin care routine doesn’t have to be 12 steps every night, but you should definitely get started on developing a routine that works for you. Because we’re passionate about skin care, we’ve uncovered some of the newest skin care ingredients that take your skin care products to the next level.

Diamonds

Gems
Okay, so these have been around for a while but they are getting renewed attention when it comes to adding them to skin care products. Precious gems such as emeralds, diamonds and pearls are being touted as excellent exfoliants. When these gems are crushed, they turn into a very fine dust and when added to other skin care ingredients, they are perhaps the most gentle exfoliant you could desire. Crushed pearl is also being credited with brightening properties. It should come as no surprise that skin care products containing crushed gemstones are a significant investment.

A-F33
Though the name is reminiscent of the newest aircraft, this ingredient was actually thoroughly researched by one of the most familiar names in the beauty industry, Avon. In fact, the research conducted on this substance is Nobel-prize winning and is sure to provide impressive results to your skin. Aminofill-33 is a unique ingredient in that it unlocks unused collagen and repairs skin, rapidly. The Avon products already containing this ingredient claim that results can be seen in as little as three days to one week.

Probiotic bills

Probiotics
You may already take a probiotic as a health supplement, but new research is showing that probiotics are beneficial when applied topically as well. Probiotics are thought to benefit your skin by balancing the pH level. Additionally, probiotics can actually improve your immune system when used on your skin.

Copper
You definitely know what copper is and you may be thinking that it does not belong on your face, but don’t be so quick to judge. When used as a skin care ingredient, copper is generally in the form of copper peptides. Copper peptides are derived from a type of acid and are majorly beneficial for your skin. While copper peptides are not an antioxidant, they work in much the same way. Copper peptides help your skin retain more collagen, keeping your skin firmer. They also promote the healing of wounds, provide protection against free radical damage and encourage tissue repair.

Yeast

Yeast Fermentation
We know, it sounds pretty gross, but Pitera (the result of the yeast fermentation process) is one of the newest ingredients to come out of Japan. Pitera evens your skin tone providing an overall brighter look to your face.

It can be super beneficial to try new skin care ingredients and products, but don’t forget your tried and true ingredients that produce reliable results. Ingredients such as vitamins A, C and E, resveratrol and other antioxidants are still incredibly beneficial to the skin. For the best results, look for product formulations that contain both new and trusted ingredients.

Best and Worst Sunscreen Ingredients

You know you need to apply sunscreen every day to protect against damage from the sun’s harmful UV rays. You may even be an individual that dutifully applies sunscreen before heading outside no matter what season it is. However, there are some ingredients in sunscreens that could be doing more harm than good. We’ve rounded up a list of the very worst sunscreen ingredients that you should avoid at all costs, and their counterparts, the very best and beneficial sunscreen ingredients.

Worst Sunscreen Ingredients

Chemical formula of Oxybenzone

Oxybenzone
Oxybenzone is almost always number one of the list of ingredients you should be avoiding when it comes to your sunscreen. This ingredient is in your sunscreen because it is a chemical that helps other chemicals penetrate the skin more effectively. However, while it does help other ingredients penetrate the skin, it also absorbs into the skin and can create allergic reactions or eczema-like symptoms. Unfortunately, that isn’t the worst of what oxybenzone does. Skin care experts and doctors believe that oxybenzone circulates in your system and mimics, blocks and changes the level of hormones in your body.

Octinoxate
This is one of the most common ingredients in sunscreen and like oxybenzone, it helps other chemicals be absorbed by your skin. Unlike oxybenzone, octinoxate is rarely a cause of allergic reactions, but it is still a dangerous ingredient. Most people wear sun protection in order to prevent signs of premature aging, but octinoxate may enhance premature aging as it creates free radicals. Additionally, octinoxate is another sunscreen ingredient that disrupts the hormone levels in the body.

Chemical formula of  Retinyl Palmitate

Retinyl Palmitate
Also known as Vitamin A, this ingredient is an antioxidant added to sunscreens. And while antioxidants are generally great for your skin, there is a major problem when it comes to retinyl palmitate. When this antioxidant is exposed to the sun, it breaks down and creates dangerous free radicals. Free radicals are destructive and may be linked to cancer as they are toxic to cells and damage your DNA. In fact, studies conducted by the Food and Drug Administration suggest that retinyl palmitate can accelerate the development of malignant cells and skin tumors.

Best Sunscreen Ingredients

Woman applying sunscreen

Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide is a common ingredient in physical sunscreens. It is an inorganic compound that protects mainly against UVA rays. When used in a sunscreen, zinc oxide is a very finely milled powder and famously results in the white cast that physical sunscreens often leave.

Woman pouring sunscreen in her hands.

Titanium Dioxide
Titanium dioxide is the other most common ingredient in physical sunscreens. It is also widely used in the cosmetic industry and has a variety of uses. The reason that titanium dioxide is most helpful in sunscreens is that it actually absorbs UV rays produced by the sun. It is a highly stable sunscreen ingredient that helps your skin remain protected from the sun.

It does not matter if you prefer physical or chemical sunscreen, but it should be worn before exposing yourself to the sun. When reading ingredients be sure to avoid the worst ingredients to keep yourself as healthy as possible. If using  chemical sunscreen be sure to apply 20 minutes prior to sun exposure and reapply every two hours or after immersing yourself in water. And, of course don’t forget to enjoy the sunshine (safely!).

Vacation Beauty Recovery

Vacation is one of the absolute best things about summer. You get a few days to get away from your busy life and to indulge in activities, foods and experiences that bring you pleasure. However, all of this hedonism can wreak havoc on your skin. Add the potential for a completely different climate and you may experience some seriously stressed skin when you return from your vacation. Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered with this list of ingredients to look for to aid in your vacation beauty recovery.

Woman drinking water

Water
Yes, it’s not technically an ingredient in the way we are suggesting, but it is important that you hydrate yourself from the inside out. Drinking water flushes toxins out of your systems helping to clear your skin. Many beauty experts swear by drinking a warm cup of lemon water every morning to maintain beautiful, blemish-free skin. Simply boil a bit of water and wait until it cools to a comfortable temperature. Then squeeze half of a lemon into the water and enjoy.

Aloe vera moisturizer

Aloe
Aloe is especially beneficial if you find that you’ve returned from vacation with a bit too much sun. Aloe have natural soothing properties and decreases irritation, inflammation and redness. You can look for an aloe vera lotion, gel or simply tear a leaf off of a fresh plant and cut it open to use pure aloe vera.

Rose oil in a bottle

Rose
Rose essential oil is another ingredient that helps soothe stressed out skin. You can use rose essential oil on your skin using a carrier oil, such as almond or jojoba, or you can look for rose in other formulations. Rose water is a popular way to calm down skin and is available in convenient spray forms that you can mist over your skin as many times a day as you need to.

Closeup of the witch hazel flower

Witch Hazel
You may already have this in your beauty routine as witch hazel is a popular natural toner. Witch hazel provides antiseptic properties which will clear up any acne caused by bacteria you may have encountered on your trip. Additionally, witch hazel decreases inflammation and calms redness.

Hyalorunic acid written on a tablet.

Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic acid is a great ingredient for post-vacation skin. Travel, particularly by plane, can dry skin out and hyaluronic acid is a great ingredient to help re-hydrate your skin. Hyaluronic acid adds moisture to the skin, but more importantly, it significantly increases the skin’s natural ability to retain water making sure your skin stays moisturized.

Vacation is without a doubt one of the greatest parts of summer and is something you probably look forward to all year. And when you return from vacation, there’s enough stress to deal with without your skin being one of them. Keep as much of your regular skin care and beauty routine going while you are on vacation to help reduce stress to your skin. While you can’t prevent all of the skin problems that may come with getting away for bit, you can definitely remedy them when they occur. And don’t forget the sunscreen to protect against burns and other skin problems such as signs of premature aging.

Vacation Beauty Preparation

You want to look your absolute best on your vacation, but carting around your entire skin care and beauty product collection is impractical and may even be impossible. To minimize the amount of products you need to take, you can prep your skin before you travel using some of the following ingredients.

Woman applying moisturizer.

Moisturizers
Moisturizers are especially important if you are traveling by airplane because the air in planes is so dry it literally sucks all the moisture from your skin. Prior to leaving, look for moisturizers with extremely hydrating ingredients. One of the most beneficial ingredients for hydrating your skin is hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid not only adds moisture, but it increases your skin’s ability to retain moisture which helps combat the dryness of plane cabin air. Additionally, you may want to look for vitamin E, which helps add moisture to your skin. Aloe, while not necessarily the most hydrating ingredient, does help soothe upset and uncomfortable skin, so it can be beneficial to invest in a product containing aloe before you travel.

Woman getting an exfoliating session in a spa

Exfoliants
Part of what keeps your skin looking it’s best is regular exfoliation. If you exfoliate regularly, you remove dead skin cells and help unclog your pores. You also stimulate cell turnover revealing newer, healthier skin cells. It isn’t just your face you want to exfoliate, your entire body can benefit from consistent exfoliation. Products with ingredients such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid help gently exfoliate your skin and can be used daily if desired. Scrubs, such as sugar or salt scrubs, should be used no more than 2-3 times each week and are most beneficial for your body. Exfoliate prior to leaving for vacation to get glowing skin before you leave.

Woman applying sunscreen in a beach.

Sun Protection
Whether you prefer a chemical or a mineral sunscreen, the fact is you need to be using sun protection. You should be using a sunscreen every single day (yes, even in the winter), but it becomes especially important in the summer months when there is increased sunshine and decreased skin coverage. While sun protection is an ingredient to look for in your moisturizers or body lotions, this is something that you need to use before and during travel. Don’t forget to protect your lips using a lip balm or conditioner that contains an SPF of at least 15.

While the above are beauty ingredients you want to look for in products prior to your vacation, there are some ingredients you should steer clear of before heading to your destination. Avoid any ingredients that increase your sensitivity to the sun, particularly if you are headed someplace sunny. The exception here is if you require a medication that may increase sensitivity to the sun in which case you should continue taking the medication as directed and increase your sunscreen application. Also steer clear of products that contain alcohol. Some people think alcohol is beneficial to the skin, especially in a toner. However, while alcohol may cut through the oil in skin, it dehydrates the skin in the process which leads your skin to produce more oil in an attempt to avoid dehydration.

Pack travel size beauty staples to decrease the amount of stuff you have to lug around. Avoid using brand new products that you have never tested on your skin before to ensure that you don’t have an adverse reaction during your vacation. Always apply sunscreen, drink plenty of water and of course, enjoy your vacation. Bon voyage!

Skin Care Ingredient No-Nos: What to Avoid

You know that what you put onto your skin is just as important as what you put into your body. When grocery shopping and deciding on food you probably stop to read labels and find out what is really in the food you are eating (and if you don’t do this…start now!). You may not know, though, that you should be doing the same thing with all of your skin care products. Think all beauty and skin care products are created equal? Think again! If you see any of the following ingredients on a beauty label, put the product down and look for something else that will help, rather than harm, your skin.

Chemical formula of Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde
If you are familiar with formaldehyde you may be shocked to learn that it can be an ingredient in your beauty products. Yes, this is the formaldehyde used in preserving dead bodies. Formaldehyde can be found in nail polish and nail polish treatments, shampoo and conditioner, body washes and cleansers and eyeshadow. Formaldehyde is a recognized human carcinogen (cancer causing agent) by the International Agency for Research on Carcinogens. In other words, if you see formaldehyde in an ingredient list, drop the product immediately.

Parabens
Parabens, along with sodium lauryl sufates, have gotten tons of attention in the past few years where beauty products are concerned. Parabens are used in the vast majority of makeup products, cleansers, shampoos, body washes and deodorants. They sound like a great thing – they are used as preservatives to avoid bacteria growth in products. However, they are a highly suspected source of increased breast cancer risk.

Chemical formula of Propylene Glycol

Propylene Glycol
This does not sound like something you want on your face or body and it certainly isn’t. While this ingredient may not be quite as hazardous to your health as formaldehyde, propylene glycol is definitely something to avoid. Often found in moisturizers, conditioners and shampoos, propylene glycol is a known skin irritant and is far from soothing, which is the intended use.

Fragrance
This skin care and beauty product ingredient is a tricky one to identify and pin down because it is hard to define a fragrance. The term was originally used to protect the secret formulations of beauty companies, but this works against consumers who want to be informed of what they put on their skin. Some fragrances are irritants to the skin and are unfortunately found in many skin and beauty products from shampoos to foundations.

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate Free Sign

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate 
This is an ingredient that has gotten a lot of buzz in the beauty community. This surfectant is located in somewhere near 90% of all foaming products, such as cleaners, shampoos, body washes and soaps. Sodium lauryl (and laureth) sulfates are known to be irritants to the skin, lungs and eyes. Additionally, there is concern that sodium lauryl sulfates can combine with other chemicals to form nitrosamines, which are known carcinogens.

Toxic beauty ingredients can be seemingly hard to avoid because they are so prevalent. However, beauty companies are now catering to consumers desires for safety and effective products. Be sure to read the labels on all products you use and look for natural options when you can to decrease the risk of irritation and illness.

Anti-Aging Ingredients For Any Age

You hear it all the time, “you can never start an anti-aging routine too early.” While this is true, it often leads to a bit of confusion when it comes to what you should be doing with your skin. The skin of a 20-year-old requires different ingredients than the skin of a 50-year-old woman. Some ingredients, such as antioxidants, can benefit all skin types but should be used in different formulations of concentrations. Luckily, we’ve uncovered the most important skin care ingredients for a variety of ages.

Woman applying sunscreen in a beach.

Twenties
You may scoff at starting an anti-aging routine at 20 because the skin is still firm, plump and radiant, but prevention is important. Perhaps the most important anti-aging ingredient in your 20s is finding a great sunscreen. Sun damage is one of the leading causes of premature aging, and using sun protection every single day helps to reduce damage done by UV rays. As mentioned above, antioxidants are important at every age when it comes to fighting aging. Free radicals, found in environmental factors such as pollution, are constantly threatening damage to your skin. Twenty-year-old skin benefits particularly from antioxidants such as green tea extract and vitamins C and E.

Woman getting a facial session in a spa.

Thirties
It is usually in their 30s that most women begin to notice fine lines and the first wrinkles. To combat this, it becomes increasingly important that you exfoliate your skin and help it to regenerate new, healthy skin. As you age the amount of collagen and elastin in your skin decreases and because regeneration slows down, your skin may appear to have an uneven tone and texture. A chemical exfoliant is one of the most important ingredients for women in their 30s. If you have dry or sensitive skin, consider use of an AHA exfoliant. If your skin is more on the combination to oily spectrum, use a BHA daily to gently exfoliate and help skin cell turnover. Another ingredient to begin incorporating into your skin care routine in your 30s is retinol.

Mature woman getting a beauty treatment in a spa.

Forties
Wrinkles and fine lines become more pronounced and sun damage is often visible at this stage. Additionally, your skin thins a bit, so it is important to find ingredients that firm and plump your skin. Retinoids are a great way to increase the skin’s barrier function and hyaluronic acid helps to plump your skin from the inside out. Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the body and holds up to 1,000 times its weight in water making it perfect for hydration and plumpness.

Mature woman looking into the mirror

Fifties
Hormones play a role in your skin’s appearance your entire life, and significant hormonal changes in the 50s can lead to severe dryness of your skin. At this point, it is important to hydrate and nurture your skin. Ingredients like glycerin and ceramides help repair the moisture barrier to your skin and add extra nourishment. Additionally, vitamin E helps to soften rough, flaky skin.

While the needs your skin has at particular ages is different, it is always important to take good care of it.  A proper routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps keep skin healthy. And don’t forget the sunscreen because sun damage occurs across the ages.

Top Ingredients for Your Skin Type

The major skin types that people have include normal, dry, oily and combination. Normal skin is the most rare while oily can be the most difficult to remedy through topically applied products. Using the proper skin care ingredients for your skin type helps give you the clear, beautiful skin you want.

Vine-Vera-Top-Ingredients-for-Your-Skin-Type-Normal-Skin

Normal
Normal skin is the exception rather than the rule, and many people who have normal skin deal with normal skin plus a concern or two. You most likely have normal skin if your skin is not oily or dry and if you do get small spots of oily or dry skin they are quick and easy to remedy. Normal skin has a fairly even skin tone with no major brown or red spots and your pores are neither invisible nor enlarged.

The best way to care for normal skin is to avoid products labeled for other skin types: oily skin care products will be too drying while dry skin care products will have too much moisture. Look for products with gentle, but effective ingredients. Antioxidants are important ingredients for all skin types, and normal skin benefits from vitamins A, C and E. Though normal skin is not oily, you still need to exfoliate normal skin regularly to remove any dead skin cells or other debris that may accumulate. The best exfoliant for normal skin is an alpha hydroxy acid, which is a gentle chemical exfoliant. An AHA exfoliant also reduces the appearance of wrinkles and increases collagen production.

Cosmetic cream and strawberries on a wooden table.

Dry
The common perception is that dry skin suffers from a lack of moisture, but this is not entirely true. Rather, dry skin has lost its ability to maintain normal levels of moisture as the skin’s barrier response has been weakened. To best take care of dry skin, it is important to look for ingredients that help the skin to retain a healthy water balance. Rid your skin care routine of anything that contains a rough scrub, use your fingers rather than a harsh cleansing brush and drying ingredients such as alcohol.

Dry skin requires some extra attention and delicate care. Many times those with dry skin can skip cleansing altogether as soaps, particularly in bar form, can be incredibly drying. Splash some warm water over your face and cleanse using a gentle AHA exfoliant. Look for moisturizers packed with antioxidants such as vitamin E and consider the use of intensive serums or plant oils. Plant oils such as jojoba and olive oils can be extremely helpful to dry skin.

Woman cleansing her face.

Oily
Oily skin is perhaps the hardest type of skin to deal with because it is caused by hormones which are genetically determined. The hormones responsible for oil production are androgens and while they are considered the “male hormone,” they are present in both males and females. You have oily skin if your face becomes shiny about two hours after cleansing and continues to become increasingly “greasy” throughout the day. Additionally, people with oily skin often have enlarged pores due to the increase in oil production.

While it may seem like a good idea to dry out oily skin, this can make your skin produce even more oil. Rather than using harsh ingredients like alcohol, look for gentle cleansers with ingredients such as salicylic acid. This helps combat oil, and any resulting acne, without being too drying on the skin. Use of a toner after cleansing can help oily skin and looking for one with antioxidants such as vitamin C (ascorbic acid) can provide great benefits. Be sure to exfoliate and again salicylic acid, or BHA exfoliant, is great for clearing away dead skin cells and unclogging pores.

Witch Hazel

Combination
Combination skin is difficult for people to deal with and recognize. Combination skin occurs when you face two or more skin types at one time. Often, some part of the skin is dry and flaky while other parts of the skin are oily. Generally, this manifests as an oily T-zone, where the forehead, nose and chin are oilier than the rest of the face.

Use a gentle cleanser and avoid bar soaps for combination skin. Again, look for a toner but be sure that it does not include any irritating ingredients such as citrus oils, alcohols or witch hazel. Salicylic acid is a great ingredient and can be used as a regular exfoliant to keep the T-zone clean and clear. If your skin is particularly dry, then you may want to skip the BHA (salicylic acid) toner and switch to an AHA exfoliant. Use heavy moisturizers or anti-acne medications as spot treatments rather than applying to the entire face.

Treating your unique skin type with the ingredients that it needs ensures you have the healthiest skin possible. Remember to use sunscreen daily no matter what type of skin you have as it provides necessary protection against harmful UV rays. A regular routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps all skin types stay looking youthful and radiant.

What Vitamin C Does for Skin – Vine Vera Reviews

Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin. This means that the vitamin dissolves in water, so you need to be sure that you are receiving a continuous supply of vitamin C. We previously posted on foods that will help you achieve your daily recommended amount of vitamin C, but you can also get the benefits of vitamin C through topical application. Not sure why you would want to apply vitamin C to your skin? Check out the information below to learn what vitamin C can do for your skin.

Fruits rich in Vitamin C

Vitamin C
There are several forms of vitamin C that are used in skin care products. In any form vitamin C is highly beneficial providing a wide variety of benefits. Topical application of vitamin C can:

  • Minimize the appearance of brown spots and other aging marks such as spots from sun damage
  • Increase your body’s collagen production
  • Lessen the amount of inflammation and irritation in your skin
  • Decrease the appearance marks due to acne and breakout
  • Increases the skin’s natural healing response
  • Enhance sunscreen effectiveness and increase your natural UV protection

Chemical formula of ascorbic acid.

Types of Vitamin C
While some product packaging will proclaim that vitamin C is an ingredient, others may use different terms to refer to the various forms of vitamin c. The most frequently used form of vitamin C in skin care is ascorbic acid. This is because ascorbic acid is backed by proper research which states that any type of vitamin C can benefit for skin.

Ascorbic acid is also known as L-ascorbic acid and when properly formulated, the ingredient can help in creating firmer and younger skin, while removing post-acne marks and the signs of sun damage. This substance can be used either on its own or with other antioxidant ingredients. One of the greatest pairings in skin care is the combination of vitamins C and A.

Though ascorbic acid is the most commonly used ingredient in skin care, there are other types that you may want to look for on product labels. The other derivatives of vitamin C in skin care are:

  • Ascorbyl palmitate
  • Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Tetrahexldecyl ascorbate
  • Sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Retinyl ascorbate

All of these forms of vitamin C also provide protection against free-radical damage, though the above derivatives are more powerful when combined with other ingredients such as retinol (vitamin A) or niacinamide (vitamin B). A combination of other ingredients and antioxidants will benefit all forms of vitamin C and help them to be as beneficial as possible.

Vitamin C can be achieved through both diet and skin care products. Vitamin C is a superstar antioxidant that provides a multitude of benefits for your skin, helping it look younger, firmer and more even. A concentration as low as .06% vitamin C in a skin care product can provide excellent benefits, while a concentration of 15 to 25% results in maximum fading of sun damage, other signs of aging and post-acne marks. Be sure to incorporate a skin care product with vitamin C into your skin care routine to improve your healthy collagen levels, resulting in diminished signs of aging and healthier skin overall.