Author Archives: Vine Vera Cosmetics

Sunbathing Through The Years

The idea of a sun-kissed look has changed over time. While some find a glowing tan to be a healthy look, others are all too aware of the damaging effects of the sun. Read on to find out how perceptions of a tan have evolved throughout the years.

Woman Sunbathing
In early times, many people worked outdoors. The increased exposure to the sun often resulted in significant, painful and even disfiguring burns that left most highly motivated to stay shielded from the sun. Those who had pale, porcelain were envied as this was a sign of wealth and stature. However, after the turn of the 20th century, the wealthy started taking vacations and returning with glowing tans which became the new vogue. Beauty products soon followed suit, to keep up with the new trends.

Sun protection products were first introduced in the 1950’s by Coppertone.  The company claimed their lotions would allow you to tan while protecting you from the sun.  However, as Erika Summers, M.D., a University of Utah dermatologist points our, “They claimed the product let in only the UV rays that promoted tanning and kept out the ones that burned you, which we now know is inaccurate. Simply put, all freckling and tanned skin is damaged.”

The concept of SPF was introduced in the 1960’s. However, the amount added to suntan lotions was very low, around 2-4 SPF. The additives were often thick and oily and didn’t rub into the skin very well.

Woman putting on sunscreen
During the 1970’s and 1980’s, tanning oils became more popular. At the same time, researchers were making progress in figuring out the effects of UV rays and creating sunscreens with sweat and water protection. Despite all of this, the media advertised sunbathing as the best way to take care of your skin. Summers elaborates, “Most of my patients who applied iodine or baby oil to tan have more skin cancers, wrinkles, and sunspots than my patients who did not. The people who practiced good sun protection back then actually have more youthful skin now.”

Finally, in the 1990’s UVA blockers were added to sunscreen and spray and gel sunscreens started getting more popular. SPF’s were also available in everyday products and higher SPF’s were seen more frequently.

Presently, the FDA regulates sunscreen labels to make them easy for consumers to understand. SPF levels are clearly stated on the labels, as is the fact of whether or not the sunscreens are broad spectrum. Vague descriptions like ‘sunblock’ and ‘waterproof’ are no longer used.

Despite all of this, dermatologists still stress covering up as the best way to avoid skin cancer and sun damage. When this is not possible, individuals should wear hats and sun protective clothing and apply a broad spectrum sunscreen daily, that is effective against UVA and UVB rays. Summers adds, “If you are insistent on looking tan, use a self-tanning product that also has an included sunscreen with SPF 30 or above. It is a myth that the self-tanner alone provides adequate protection from the sun.”

Sunburn Soothing Treatments

Woman with sunscreen Regardless of all the information we are given to protect our skin from the sun, sunburns do happen. Either we lose track of time, forget to reapply, maybe even nod off while sunbathing. Well, nobody’s perfect. And, if you do get a sunburn, you need to know that best way to treat it.

At first signs of a sunburn, you should act fast to cool it. If you are near water, you might want to take a quick dip to cool skin… with emphasis on the word ‘quick’! You don’t want to prolong exposure so it’s important to cool skin and then cover up and get out of the sun as quickly as possible. Then follow up by treating skin with cool compresses or ice water, but do not apply ice directly to sunburn. A cool shower or bath can be effective if you don’t stay in the water too long since it can have a drying effect. You also want to avoid harsh soap.

Moisturizing is also an important step in treating sunburn. The Skin Cancer Foundation recommends moisturizing while skin is still damp from cooling and then follow up to keep the skin moist over the next few days. Avoid petroleum or oil based ointments which can trap heat and make the burn worse.

You also want to make sure you treat the inflammation as soon as possible. “At first sign of sunburn, taking a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin can help with discomfort and inflammation,” says Dr. Brackeen, who practices at the Skin Cancer Institute in Lubbock, TX. You can continue with the NSAIDs until the burn feels better. Over the counter cortisone cream, and aloe vera are both topical solutions that will help to this end. It is recommended you wear loose, soft clothing to avoid further skin irritation and stay out of the sun while sunburn is still active.

While healing from a sunburn, you want to drink plenty of fluids. “Burns draw fluid to the skin’s surface and away from the rest of the body, so you may become dehydrated,” explains Brackeen. Rehydrate by drinking extra liquids including water and sports drinks that will replenish electrolytes at the first sign of burning and as skin heals.

woman with sunburn
Seek medical help if there are signs of severe blistering over a large portion of your body. You may also want to see a doctor if you are experiencing fever, chills, wooziness or confusion. Do not scratch or pop blisters as this may cause infection. Signs of infection include red streaks or oozing puss.

Although skin will heal from a sunburn, the skin has still been damaged. Repeat sunburns put you at a risk for skin cancer and premature aging so prevention is really the best route. Covering exposed skin, limiting sun exposure, and using an adequate amount of broad spectrum sunblock with a sufficient SPF are all key in avoiding sunburn. The SCF offers, “Remember how bad this sunburn felt, then commit to protecting yourself from the sun every day, all year long. Learn from the burn.”

Aloe Vera Cure All

Aloe Vera
Aloe vera. It’s in most of our medicine cabinets and used in our favorite skincare products. But did you know that in Chinese medicine it is recommended in the treatment of fungal diseases and has widespread use in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food industries? In fact, the manufacturing of aloe vera extracts is one of the largest botanical industries in the world. Find out what it can do for you.

Soothes Rashes and Skin Irritations
Sure, when we have a rash or sunburn, aloe vera may be the first thing we reach for. But did you know that numerous reports have explored the role of topical aloe vera and its effectiveness in treatment of psoriasis, surgical wounds and burn remedies yielding astonishing results?

A 1996 study done at the Department of Clinical Physiology in Sweden tested 60 patients with chronic psoriasis and found results when part of the group used aloe vera vs. others who used a placebo. Those who used aloe vera came up with a cure rate of 83% with no relapses reported in a 12 month follow-up. Also, a systematic review of 40 studies was performed in 2009 showing that the oral administration of aloe vera in mice can heal wounds, decrease the number and size of papillomas (small growths on skin) and reduce the incidence of tumors by more than 90% in the liver, spleen and bone marrow. The studies also show that aloe vera effectively treats genital herpes, cold sores, dermatitis, frostbite, burns and can be safely used as an antifungal and antimicrobial agent.

Aloe Vera
Moisturizes Hair and Scalp

Aloe vera is also a great hair and scalp moisturizer. It’s nourishing properties and tons of vitamins and minerals will keep hair strong and healthy. It’s antibacterial and antifungal properties help with dandruff and the gel’s enzymes can rid the scalp of dead cells and promote regeneration of skin tissues around the hair follicles. Unlike many shampoos and conditioners, aloe vera is free of chemicals that can damage hair and cause skin irritations.

Treats Constipation
Aloe latex is a fluid derived from the inner lining of the leaves of the aloe vera plant. This juice has a natural fiber that aids digestion and improves bowel movements. Experts recommend drinking two ounces of aloe vera juice daily when constipated.

Boosts Immune System
The enzymes present in aloe vera break down what we eat into amino acids which turn the enzymes into fuel for every cell in the body, allowing the cells to function properly. Bradykinase, an anti-inflammatory mediator found in aloe vera, stimulates the immune system and kills infections. Since zinc is an important component in aloe vera, it could also help those with a zinc deficiency. Other vitamins present in aloe vera include Vitamin C which protects the body from cardiovascular disease, prenatal health problems, eye disease and skin wrinkling; and Vitamin E which reduces free radical damage, fights inflammation and helps naturally slow the aging process.

Using Natural Moisturizers

Moisturizers are necessary in every beauty routine. However, not every moisturizer is for every skin type and sensitive skin can become irritated by some chemicals that are present in moisturizers. That’s why it’s a good idea to look in to natural alternatives for moisturizers including shea butter, olive oil and castor oil and more.

shea nuts

Shea Butter
Shea butter is an all-natural vitamin A cream that serves as a superb moisturizer with healing properties for the skin. The vitamin A can improve skin conditions such as skin allergies, insect bites, sunburns and frostbite while offering unparalleled moisturizing properties. This is due to the fact that the moisturizers in shea butter contains the same moisturizers produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. It is inexpensive yet effective at reducing flaking, redness and peeling.

olive oil

Olive Oil
Extra virgin olive oil helps hold in your skin’s natural moisture and prevents it from drying out. It is recommended to apply it to your skin before going to bed at night. Because its chemical composition is similar to that of human skin, your skin will absorb it easily. It contains vitamins A and E which help repair sun and environmental damage and it is good for almost any skin type. Its polyphonic compounds reverse free radicals which can cause premature aging.

castor oil

Castor Oil
The fatty oils in castor oil can penetrate through skin layers to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin. This will soften and repair skin while diminishing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. It works especially well on crow’s feet and dark circles around the eyes. It is recommended that you put it on your face after washing it before going to bed. It will soak into skin as you sleep.

aloe vera

Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is another great natural moisturizer. Effective for men of women, when used topically, aloe vera can slow the signs of aging. This is due to the fact that it increases collagen, therefore increasing the skin’s elasticity. Nutrients like beta-carotene and vitamins E and C will keep skin plump. It cleanses and softens skin without leaving it greasy or clogging pores.

avocados

Avocado Oil
Avocado oil has some amazing benefits for your skin when used as a natural moisturizer. It is one of the most penetrative of all natural plant oils, so it is believed to penetrate through the epidermis into the dermis layer of the skin. Once there, it helps increase collagen production in the layers of the dermis. A good extra virgin olive oil is especially useful for flaking, dehydrated, sun damaged faces.

coconut

Coconut Oil
Coconut oil is full of saturated fats that help the skin stay moisturized. The fats also aid in preventing moisture loss through the skin’s pores. It increases hydration and reduces water loss in seriously dry skin and leaves skin feeling nourished and smooth. It can also be used to moisturize hair and scalp or will leave your skin looking hydrated after shaving your legs.

So, have you used any of these natural moisturizers for you skin, and, if so, how have they worked for you? What natural moisturizers do you use that don’t appear on this list? We’d love to hear from in the comments section.

Benefits of Tea Tree Oil

natural tea tree oil
The pharmaceutical industry is growing rapidly with new advances constantly emerging. But with side effects and chemicals in question, it’s nice to know that there is one ingredient that is all natural, can be found in many kitchen cabinets and in many skin care products, and can help with illnesses and other unpleasant conditions. That ingredient is tea tree oil.

Acne
Tea  tree oil is considered one of the most effective remedies for acne. One study found it to be just as potent as benzoyl peroxide without negative side effects such as peeling and redness.

Hair
Tea tree oil can also be beneficial for the hair and scalp. It is effective on dandruff and can even be used to remove lice. To make a shampoo, mix several drops of the oil with coconut milk, aloe vera gel and essential oils like lavender oil.

Tea tree oil Cleaning
Tea tree oil also makes a great household cleaner. It has antimicrobial properties that can kill bacteria. Mix the oils with water, vinegar and lemon juice and use it to clean your bathroom and kitchen areas.

Psoriasis and Eczema
Because tea tree oil can reduce inflammation, it can also be effective in the treatment of psoriasis and eczema.

Toenail Fungus and Ringworm
Because tea tree oil is effective against parasites and fungal infections, it’s useful in the treatment of toenail fungus, athlete’s foot and ringworm. Put the undiluted oil directly on the effected area with a clean cotton swab.

Mold
Mold grows in many homes, often without the owners being aware of it. You can buy a diffuser and diffuse tea tree oil in the air around your home to kill mold and other bad bacteria. You can also spray tea tree oil cleaner onto your shower curtains, laundry machine, dishwasher or toilet to kill mold.

Deodorant
Tea tree oil can eliminate body odor. Its antimicrobial properties destroy the bacteria that causes odor. Make a homemade deodorant by mixing tea tree oil with coconut oil and baking soda.

Cuts and Infections
Tea tree oil mixed with lavender essential oil can help treat wounds. Make sure to clean the cut with water and hydrogen peroxide if necessary. Then apply tea tree oil and cover the cut with a bandage.

Oral Health
Because tea tree oil kills bacteria and reduces inflammation, it’s a great ingredient for a toothpaste or mouthwash. It can reduce bleeding gums and tooth decay. Mix tea tree oil with coconut oil and baking soda for a great homemade toothpaste.

 

Healing Your Skin With Soybean Oil

soybeans with a bottle of soybean oil

With all the strange chemicals that can be found in skin care products, it’s nice to know that there are some natural components that can also be beneficial. Within the past 10 years, soybean oil has become more and more popular in its use in skin care products and its abilities to keep skin looking beautiful. Find out how to use soybean oil to your advantage and see what it can do for your skin.

Soybean oil is made up of small molecular structures that allow it to penetrate the top most layer of skin, the epidermis. From there, it nestles into your skin’s cellular structure, stimulating the synthesis of elastin, collagen and other proteins. This is key in cell growth, regeneration and the reversal of abnormal cell functions.

Soy is rich in essential fatty acids, Vitamin E, lecithin and antioxidants all of which can nourish your skin when applied topically.

  • Through its antioxidant properties, Vitamin E promotes regeneration and healing. It is useful for moisturizing skin, keeping it smooth and healthy.
  • Essential fatty acids help moisturize the collagen below the skin surface while lecithin maintains the elasticity of the skin, smoothing fine lines and preventing premature aging.
  • Soybean oil has an overall effect of correcting pigmentation brought about by hormonal changes and the damage caused by sun exposure. It can be effective at removing skin blemishes caused by acne.
  • The antioxidant properties in soy oil are great for improving skin as they protect skin cells from free radical damage, reducing aging effects and wrinkling.

Studies have proven the effectiveness of soybean oil on skin. A placebo controlled trial studied 65 women with moderate facial photodamage. At the end of a 12 week period, the results showed these women to have reduced blotchiness, dullness, and fine lines, and an improvement in overall skin tone, texture and appearance.

The oral administration of soybean oil may also be beneficial to the skin. A study was conducted involving 80 postmenopausal women who were given a placebo or two tablets containing soy extract as well as other beneficial extracts including those from grape seed, tomato, white tea, vitamins C and E, chamomile and zinc. The active group had significantly greater facial improvement, including a reduction of wrinkles, sagging, under eye circles, and mottled pigmentation, after a 3 and 6 months of treatment. Of course, the setback here is the inability to be able to single out soy as the specific contributor to these benefits as opposed to the other extracts.

The overall conclusion of the studies is that use of soy and soy extracts when applied topically seem to have scientific support. Preliminary studies on the impact of dietary soy and skin health show that there is justification for continued research in this area.

Soy should be used as a facial moisturizer only in its pure or organic form. It is mild and does not cause skin irritations. Although it contains estrogens, these are not the type that will go into your blood stream, it will simply help cells rejuvenate.

Have you used soybean oil for skin health? Are you happy with the results you’re getting? Please let us know in the comments section below.

Protecting Your Lips

woman applying lip balm

When we think of health care and beauty, many of us overlook our lips. In fact, 70% of beach goers who slather on sunscreen products will overlook their lips. However, in a study conducted at the University Of Texas Medical Branch Department Of Dermatology, researchers evaluated the knowledge of ultraviolet light as a risk for lip cancer and found that many beach goers were unaware of these risks. Read on to find out what sun damage can do to your lips and how you can keep your lips moist and healthy.

When it comes to skin cancer, ultraviolet rays are the most pertinent risk factor. Because lips don’t have melanin, they are highly vulnerable to sun damage caused by exposure to UV. The Mayo Clinic warns that the sun’s UV rays can affect the production of collagen on your lips leading to the formation of wrinkles on or around the mouth as an early aging sign.

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends applying an SPF lip balm every day, even on cloudy days, and reapply every two hours. Drinking water often will also help in protecting lips from sun damage as well as keeping them soft, smooth and hydrated. Here are some other tips for you in finding a lip balm product that will protect your lips:

  • Stay away from shiny lipsticks that have high gloss with little or no color as they will attract UV rays. You’re better off with a matte product.
  • Buy lip products that have a base of paraffin, petroleum jelly or beeswax. Beeswax. These will stay on your lips longer and seal moisture longer than thinner glosses and balms.
  • If your lips become dry and start to peel, use sugar and olive oil to exfoliate lips and remove accumulated dead skin cells.

Here are some other tips on how to keep lips looking healthy:

  • Stop Licking Your Lips: Robert Brodell, M.D., a dermatologist from Warren, OH, warns that licking your lips can damage the protective barrier and dry out the lips. The saliva’s digestive enzymes break down this barrier. Opt for a lip balm instead.
  • Use A Humidifier: It can replace moisture in dry indoor air and keep lips and skin hydrated.
  • Limit Your Use of Matte Lipsticks: They can dry your lips extremely, which is why they should be used sparingly when lips are chapped. Try alternating them with hydrating lipsticks or add a moisturizing lip balm layer underneath.

Here is a guide to treating common problems associated with your lips:

  • Cut in the Corner of the Mouth: Keep lips hydrated and apply hydrocortisone cream to affected area.
  • Wrinkles Around Lips: Apply creams with anti-aging ingredients like retinol. Chemical peels can be helpful as well.
  • Thin lips: The best option for thin lips is a collagen injection, which costs about $300 and can last up to six months. Consumers should be aware of possible side effects including excessive swelling and temporary redness of the lips.

What do you do to keep your lips looking luscious? Let us know in the comments section below.

All About Goji Berry Extract

If the gorgeous Victoria’s Secret supermodel Miranda Kerr can’t stop talking about a beneficial super fruit, you should probably listen up. Celebrities such as Miranda Kerr and Madonna credit goji berries gush about these tiny, scrunched up bits of fruit and there is a good reason. Vine Vera decided to do some digging on goji berries to find out whether this fruit deserves the hype.

Goji berries in a wooden spoon.

What are Goji Berries?
The goji berry is a miniscule fruit that is roughly the size of the tip of your pinky finger in it’s raw form. Typically, raw goji berries are hard to find in the United States and instead are more common in Asian and European countries. Goji berries are interesting because they are considered to be both a fruit and a herb. Due to this, they a characterized by a slight sweetness though with the aftertaste of an herbal nature. They are consumed mainly either raw, dried or as a juice. However, the simplest way to enjoy goji berries is in a dry extract. So why eat goji berries? Because goji berries are packed with antioxidants such as:

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B1, B2 and B6
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • 21 minerals including calcium, iron and zinc

Goji Berries and Your Health
It is true that goji berries are full of essential vitamins and minerals, and increasing your intake of these items is beneficial to your body. However, be sure to proceed with caution when it comes to other health claims made regarding goji berries. Used in traditional Chinese medicine, the goji berry is sometimes credited as being an antioxidant that is capable of reducing the risk of cancer but there is no scientific research to back up this claim. Additionally, there are individuals who may actually find that adding goji berries to their diet is harmful rather than beneficial (those taking blood thinners or on medication for diabetes or blood pressure), so it best to consult with a doctor prior to going crazy with goji berries. Though not all of the claims made of goji berries are true, goji berries are a powerful antioxidant with anti-aging and anti-inflammatory properties. There has been some general research saying that feelings of calm and well-being increase, sleep quality improves and that goji berries do help with weight loss.

Closeup of goji berries.

How to Add Goji Berries to Your Diet
As previously mentioned, goji berries can be eaten in its raw form, as dried berries, as juice or as a dry extract. The easiest way to add goji berries to your diet is using goji berry extract. Goji berry extract is available in supplement form and sometimes as an additive to herbal teas. When purchasing goji berry extract, or regular goji berries, be sure to comparison shop prior to purchasing because many suppliers significantly increase the price of these berries.

Goji berry, and the extract of goji berries, can be a healthy addition to your diet. However, if you already are taking prescription medications, it is best to consult with your doctor before adding goji berries. Try a supplement for a convenient, easy way to receive the health benefits of goji berries.

What Blueberries Can Do for Your Health

July is national blueberry month and to celebrate Vine Vera is giving you even more reasons to love this super fruit. When it comes to berry popularity in the United States, blueberries rank second in terms of consumption, and there is a good reason for that. These tasty little treats are not just a healthy snack, they also provide your body with multiple health benefits.

Blueberries in a basket on a wooden table.

Blueberries and Your Health
Blueberries contain anthocyanins, flavanoids and phenol compounds, all of which are aids in the fight against free radicals. These are also great for anti-inflammatory purposes. One of the phenol compounds in blueberries is resveratrol, which is our favorite antioxidant. Additionally, blueberries are an excellent source of vitamin C, which benefits both your skin and immune system. While blueberries help your body in many ways, we’ve chosen a few of the most awesome health benefits of blueberries to profile below.

Healthy Bones
You need strong, healthy bones to carry out nearly all of your daily tasks and the calcium provided by milk is not the only substance that contributes to bone health. Iron and zinc found in blueberries play a critical role in maintaining the strength and elasticity of both your bones and your joints. Other items found in blueberries that help keep your bones healthy and strong are:

  • Calcium
  • Manganese
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin K

Woman holding a bowl of blueberries

Heart Disease
Blueberries contain several things that help prevent heart disease, and they lack a major contributor to heart disease: cholesterol. Vitamins C and B6, fiber, potassium, folate and phytonutrient content, and the lack of cholesterol, all play a role in keeping heart disease away. The fiber is important because it decreases your blood pressure while vitamin B6 and folate work to prevent homocysteine buildup. When there is an accumulation of homocysteine, you are susceptible to blood vessel damage and heart problems.

Cancer
Because blueberries are packed with antioxidant such as vitamins A and C, resveratrol and other phytonutrients, they are helpful in the fight against free radical damage. Antioxidants also decrease any inflammation in your body and they help inhibit tumor growth. The folate contained in blueberries also contributes to DNA synthesis and repair. When getting a healthy amount of folate in your diet, such as from blueberries, you help prevent cancer cells from forming due to mutations in DNA.

Woman having blueberries from a bowl

Weight and Skin
If the above reasons aren’t enough to get you super excited for National Blueberry Month, these two may help. The antioxidants in blueberries, because of their power to fight free radicals, help protect your face from sun damage, environmental damage and signs of premature aging. In addition, the vitamin C in blueberries is essential to the production of collagen in your skin, which helps smooth out fine lines and wrinkles.

While eating a container of blueberries isn’t going to make you skinny, eating blueberries can help control your weight. Foods high in dietary fiber, like blueberries, help you to feel fuller for a longer period of time, which can help decrease your snacking.

Blueberries are delicious on their own, but there are so many ways you can incorporate these into your diet. Add a handful to your morning smoothie, toss some in with your salads or top your Greek yogurt with some blueberries. Celebrate National Blueberry Month with new and exciting ways to increase your intake of blueberries.

Level Up Your Skin Care Ingredients

The various vitamins, minerals and antioxidants your skin needs to be it’s healthiest come in a variety of forms. For instance, retinol (vitamin A) comes in many forms ranging from retinyl palmitate to tretinoin. Figuring out which form of a specific ingredient you need is tricky business, and ultimately will depend on your skin and it’s needs. However, we have a bit of a guide here that explains the different forms of ingredients and how they may, or may not, be what you want to look for in your skin care.

Chemical formula of Vitamin A on a blackboard

Vitamin A
Vitamin A, or retinol, has long been considered one of the most effective skin care ingredients in the fight against aging. Additionally, there are numerous acne treatments that harness the power of retinol. According to skin experts, retinol can be broken into certain potent compounds known as retinoids. Vitamin A, retinol and retinoids are terms that are usually used interchangeably, but each has its own regulations and distinctions. Retinol is labeled as a cosmetic ingredient and can be used in any formulations. The other forms of retinol that are rated as cosmetic-grade and can therefore be used in any formulation include retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate and retinaldehyde.

Which one is right for you? It depends on your skin and your needs. Basically, in order to be effective retinol must be broken down into retinoic acid to be most effective to your skin. Retinoids, then, must be broken down from retinyl acetate to retinol to retinoic acid. Retinoic acid in these forms are mostly used in over-the-counter skin products. For severe skin issues, consult a doctor or dermatologist about the use of prescrition retinoids such as adapalene, tazarotene and tretinoin.

Sliced oranges.

Vitamin C
Another vitamin with tons of skin benefits is vitamin C. The “best” form of vitamin C is ascorbic acid (or L-ascorbic acid). Perhaps because this form of vitamin C has the most research on skin benefits, this is the form of vitamin C that most frequently appears in well-formulated skin care products. Ascorbic acid helps produce new and younger looking skin and fades problems like sun damage or post-acne marks.

Other forms of vitamin C include ascorbyl palmitate, sodium ascorbyl phosphate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, retinyl ascorbate and magnesium ascorbyl phosphates. These are all derivatives of vitamin C that come with their own unique benefits, but largely include the repair and protection of free radical damage.

Chemical formula of vitamin B3.

Vitamin B
There are many types of vitamin B that are included in skin care and beauty products, many of which are used to treat specific skin care concerns. Vitamin B3 is also known as nicotinic acid and niacinamide and is a form of vitamin B to look into if you require skin care that focuses on anti-aging properties.

Vitamin B5 is another common ingredient in skin care and is also referred to as pantothenic acid. Pantothenic acid may help with acne issues and has been proven to provide hydration and healing properties to the skin. Panthenol is the alcohol form of pantothenic acid and is a frequent addition to beauty formulas for its humectant properties. It improves the barrier function of the skin and helps improve the cells responsible for creating collagen.

The cosmetic and beauty industry is an ever-changing business always featuring new technology and improved ingredients. Ultimately, the forms of ingredients that you desire will depend on the needs your skin has. However, with a little help from Vine Vera, you can get started on discerning what ingredient forms are best for you.