You hear it all the time, “you can never start an anti-aging routine too early.” While this is true, it often leads to a bit of confusion when it comes to what you should be doing with your skin. The skin of a 20-year-old requires different ingredients than the skin of a 50-year-old woman. Some ingredients, such as antioxidants, can benefit all skin types but should be used in different formulations of concentrations. Luckily, we’ve uncovered the most important skin care ingredients for a variety of ages.
You may scoff at starting an anti-aging routine at 20 because the skin is still firm, plump and radiant, but prevention is important. Perhaps the most important anti-aging ingredient in your 20s is finding a great sunscreen. Sun damage is one of the leading causes of premature aging, and using sun protection every single day helps to reduce damage done by UV rays. As mentioned above, antioxidants are important at every age when it comes to fighting aging. Free radicals, found in environmental factors such as pollution, are constantly threatening damage to your skin. Twenty-year-old skin benefits particularly from antioxidants such as green tea extract and vitamins C and E.
It is usually in their 30s that most women begin to notice fine lines and the first wrinkles. To combat this, it becomes increasingly important that you exfoliate your skin and help it to regenerate new, healthy skin. As you age the amount of collagen and elastin in your skin decreases and because regeneration slows down, your skin may appear to have an uneven tone and texture. A chemical exfoliant is one of the most important ingredients for women in their 30s. If you have dry or sensitive skin, consider use of an AHA exfoliant. If your skin is more on the combination to oily spectrum, use a BHA daily to gently exfoliate and help skin cell turnover. Another ingredient to begin incorporating into your skin care routine in your 30s is retinol.
Wrinkles and fine lines become more pronounced and sun damage is often visible at this stage. Additionally, your skin thins a bit, so it is important to find ingredients that firm and plump your skin. Retinoids are a great way to increase the skin’s barrier function and hyaluronic acid helps to plump your skin from the inside out. Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the body and holds up to 1,000 times its weight in water making it perfect for hydration and plumpness.
Hormones play a role in your skin’s appearance your entire life, and significant hormonal changes in the 50s can lead to severe dryness of your skin. At this point, it is important to hydrate and nurture your skin. Ingredients like glycerin and ceramides help repair the moisture barrier to your skin and add extra nourishment. Additionally, vitamin E helps to soften rough, flaky skin.
While the needs your skin has at particular ages is different, it is always important to take good care of it. A proper routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps keep skin healthy. And don’t forget the sunscreen because sun damage occurs across the ages.