Exfoliation is a process which helps you to get rid of the dead skin cells from the outermost layer of your skin. Exfoliation is a natural process by way of which the body sheds off its dead epidermis once in every 25 days. However, this process starts slowing down the moment one crosses the age of 30. If you don’t exfoliate your skin for a long period of time, you might end up with a dull and uneven complexion and your skin might feel dry or rough to touch. Moreover, exfoliation is one of the most important steps of any skin care routine. Apart from making you look younger, it also helps to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin. Vine Vera examines the best exfoliants for your skin in this article. This Vine Vera article mostly deals with chemical exfoliants for the skin. Chemical exfoliants are basically made up of chemicals that peel off your outermost layers and speed up the production of collagen and elastin. The biggest advantage of using chemical exfoliants is that they are easy to use and that they work well on the skin.
Glycolic acid is the most common type of alpha hydroxy acid that is used to exfoliate your skin. It has a reputation for being one of the safest types of Alpha Hydroxy Acids and it removes the outermost layer of your dead skin cells to reveal fresher looking skin. Glycolic acid is considered to be particularly useful to people looking for exfoliating ingredients which help out with anti-aging as well. Some of the main advantages of glycolic acid include reducing sun spots and age spots and assisting people with blackhead or acne prone skin.
Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is the strongest chemical peel for the skin. It produces long term and dramatic effects and it can work wonders with sun damaged skin, wrinkles and pre-cancerous growths. Phenol occurs naturally in the human body and it can be created as well. Phenol peels are usually designed to remove freckles from your face and lead to permanent skin lightening. However, you need to understand that it could take months to recover from phenol peels and that you would need increased sun protection throughout your life.
Salicylic acid is extremely helpful for treating skin conditions like psoriasis. It acts as a keratolytic which not only loosens the keratin from your skin, but also allows the scaly plaques to shed easily. Using salicylic acid based exfoliators can not only slough off your dead skin cells, but also decrease inflammation and reduce the appearance of breakouts. However, you should be careful about salicylic acid exfoliators if you already have a decent exfoliating routine.
Lactic acid is a natural acid that is derived from plants and from milk. It is found in a number of anti-aging products and in chemical exfoliators as well. Lactic acids are famous for being gentle on the skin and less irritating as well. Moreover, lactic acid is also known to be less irritating and gentler than glycolic acid. Finally, lactic acid helps to increase the natural barrier lipids in the outermost layer of your skin, hydrate your skin and brighten the skin tone in darkened areas. This makes lactic acid one of the best exfoliators in the world.
Trichloroacetic Acid, also known as TCA, is the main ingredient that is used in medium-strength chemical peels. TCA is particularly useful in helping you to reduce blemishes and surface wrinkles. Generally, TCA takes about 15 minutes, after which you can resume your normal activities immediately. However, once you use TCA based peels, you need to limit the amount of time that you can spend under the sun. Moreover, it may take several months for your skin to return to its typical schedule and skin care routine.