When it comes to choosing the perfect ingredient for your skin care product, you’re really spoiled with choices. With so many powerhouses and must-haves to choose from, things can become quite overwhelming. Frankly, the variety of skin care products to choose from makes you want to drop everything and run away. And who hasn’t succumbed to that perfect sales pitch which made them buy products that they don’t need? Luckily for those in the know, skin care is not all that complicated. All you need to understand is what ingredients to look for in your skin care products.
Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A and is considered to be the holy grail of skin care. There are thousands of products that contain retinol or one of its counterparts. Retinol has a molecular structure that is small enough to be able to get absorbed into the deep lying areas of your skin. This brings it closer to your collagen and elastin and allows it to work on pigmentation, wrinkles, skin texture, fine lines, color, skin tone and hydration. Moreover, retinols can also boost the production of collagen and fasten cell turnover to give you healthier and younger looking skin. Some of the main ingredients to look out for on the labels include tretinoin, tazarotene and adapelene (for prescription products) or retinol (for over the counter products).
There are so many uses and advantages of antioxidants that people simply fail to realize that some of them (for example, ascorbic acid) might be irritants to the skin. There are actually two types of Vitamin C to choose from when it comes to skin care products – fat soluble and water soluble. The Fat Soluble Vitamin C ester realizes Vitamin C’s potential as an anti-aging ingredient. It offers greater antioxidant activity than the water soluble option and also requires lesser doses. Moreover, it resides in the fatty membranes of the skin cell, thereby allowing it to regenerate the depleted vitamin E on a continuous basis. Fat soluble Vitamin C also showcases a greater ability to stimulate the growth of cells which help in increasing the production of elastin and collagen. Finally, fat soluble Vitamin C is considered to be more stable with topical solutions. On the other hand, water soluble Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, might have certain advantages, but it also has some drawbacks when compared to the fat soluble option. It cannot maintain or protect the cell membranes in times of oxidative stress. It can also prove to be a major irritant to the skin. That being said, it is still an extremely powerful antioxidant for the skin.
Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (AHAs)
Alpha-hydroxy acids, also known as AHAs, has become very popular in the recent past, particularly in the United States of America. Creams and lotions that contain AHA can help your skin deal with irregular pigmentation, fine lines, wrinkles and age spots. AHAs also play a major role in decreasing your enlarged pores. However, AHA might lead to sun sensitivity and mild irritation. Therefore, it is essential to try out AHA on a small patch of your skin and ensure that you religiously apply SPF 30 sunscreen every morning while using any AHA product. The ingredients to look out for in those product labels include lactic acids, citric acids, glycolic acids and malic acids. Glycolic acid is the most common type of AHA used in skin care products because it is known to cause the least irritation.
Aloe Vera, botanically known as Aloe barbadensis, has been used as a natural remedy for a variety of ailments for more than 4000 years. According to historians, Queen Cleopatra and Queen Nefertiti from the Ancient Egyptian civilization rated Aloe Vera very highly because of its beauty and skin care properties. Some of the main benefits offered by Aloe Vera include smoothening the skin, moisturizing the skin and healing irregularities. Aloe Vera is also known to be an extremely powerful antioxidant for the skin.
Choose products that contain any of these ingredients and you really couldn’t go wrong with your skin care routines. All you need to ensure is that you don’t end up taking products that actually worsen your skin conditions. For example, a person with oily skin should never choose products that increase the oil levels and are actually made for people with dry skin. Remember, understanding what ingredient to choose and what kind of product to avoid is all you need to say goodbye to all your skin care conditions.