Best Skin Brightening Ingredients

Showing details of pigmentation on young girls skin Dark spots are a problem for most people. As hideous as those pimples look and feel, we simply have to play to their tunes, lest they leave a scar on our skin. And everyone who has suffered from these scars or dark spots has ended up lathering all sorts of bleaching creams to hide those blemishes and acne scars, to no avail. Although it might be hard to believe for most of you, skin brighteners can actually do wonders in terms of lightening up your skin. These brighteners work by targeting post inflammatory hyperpigmentation and skin spots that are caused by the UV rays of the sun. However, in order to get your skin brighteners to work, you need to ensure that you choose the best skin brightening ingredients.

Bearberry Extracts

Bearberry extracts are derived from the leaves of the bearberry plant. These brighteners are used in a number of skin care products and they contain Apha arbutin, an ingredient that helps in lightening the skin. This was also proved by a scientific study conducted on a group of 80 Chinese women. According to the study, women who used products that contained 1% alpha arbutin concentrations managed to bring about a noticeable difference in terms of brightening their skin within one month.


You might want to believe that better things would have been developed and that you would not have to depend on an ancient solution anymore, but hydroquinone is still considered to be one of the best ingredients for brightening the skin. Hydroquinone helps to block the enzyme that creates spots and fades the existing spots on your skin.

Citrus Extracts

Things like orange peels and lemons have been considered to be natural bleaching agents for the skin for ages. Vitamin C plays a huge role in boosting the production of elastin and collagen and when applied topically, it can also slow down the superactive melanocytes. Your melanocytes are the skin cells that produce the melanin compound and give the skin its “tan”.


Melanozyme is an enzyme which is extracted from mushrooms. It was initially formulated to whiten paper and was slowly introduced into skin care as well. In fact, it is the only ingredient that actually “whitens” the skin. The best part about melanozymes is that they bring noticeable effects within 4 weeks, whereas most other ingredients take about 2 months.

Kojic Acid

Kojic acid is a crystalline powder that is derived from mushrooms in Asia. It has been used in Japan for generations and is believed to be very effective in whitening the skin. Kojic acid inhibits the function of the tyrosinase protein, a protein that is responsible for producing melanin in the skin.


Niacinamide, also known as Vitamin B3, suppresses the transfer of melanosomes into the skin and acts as a very effective skin lightening ingredient. It also improves the ability of the skin to retain its moisture, thereby giving your skin a younger and softer look.

Glycolic Acid

Glycolic acid helps in getting rid of fine lines, rough skin surfaces, freckles, pigmentation problems and keratosis. Glycolic acids are the most commonly used AHAs and they work by exfoliating the topmost layer of the skin and increasing the rate of cell turnover.

Azelaic Acid

Azelaic acid works quite similarly to hydroquinone. It is considered to be a decent option for removing skin spots and whitening the skin. It is also used as a replacement for Kojic acid in hydroquinone. Azelaic acid mostly works by inhibiting the tyrosinase protein. According to a study that was published in the International Journal of Dermatology, 20% formulations of azelaic acid in a cream offered amazing results for more than 65% of the participants over a 6 month period.

Lactic Acid

Things like yogurt, milk and lemon juice have considered to be skin brightening agents since time eternal. They are also considered to be a natural bleach. What makes these items so effective in terms of skin whitening is the fact that they contain lactic acid. Lactic acid is a mild bleach that exfoliates the skin and helps to reveal your new skin cells. It also helps in lightening the skin tone without causing any sort of harm to the skin.

So, if you’re looking for a skin whitening product to lighten the color of your skin or get rid of dark spots on your skin, make sure that it contains one or more of the ingredients mentioned above.


3D graphic of a Lactic Acid molecule Lactic acid is a type of Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) that is usually found in all sorts of products and treatments used for rejuvenating the skin. Lactic acid is derived from milk and is famous for being one of the most gentle AHA exfoliants in the world. Lactic acid has been used by mankind in skin care all throughout history. The first mentions of the use of lactic acid in skin care can be traced all the way back to the Ancient Egyptian Civilization. According to legends, Queen Cleopatra maintained her exotic beauty with the help of luxurious milk baths that were filled with rose petals.

Lactic acid can also be termed as an active anti-aging ingredient which is famous for its moisturizing and exfoliating abilities. Some of the main benefits that lactic acid has to offer to the skin includes improving its texture, stimulating the production of collagen and reducing the signs of aging and age spots. As beneficial as it might be, lactic acid cannot cure the deep lying wrinkles and it cannot remove your scars. Moreover, using lactic acid also increases the skin’s sensitivity to the sun. This makes applying sunscreens very important when you use solutions that contain lactic acid. Lactic acid has also been defined as a keratolytic. It softens the skin by moisturizing the surface and loosens the outermost layer of the skin to help it shed its dead skin cells. It also helps in getting rid of blemishes and repairs the skin. Lactic acid is also useful in terms of producing a unique whitening effect.

Now that you’ve realized how important lactic acid is for your skin, how about checking out the different ways in which it can benefit your skin.

Skin Brightener – Lactic acid can prove to be an extremely effective skin brightener. Overproduction of melanin is usually attributed to factors like unprotected sun exposure and this leads to brown spots and discolorations on the skin. Lactic acid helps to inhibit the production of melanin and lighten the skin and therefore beautify your skin tone.

Radiance Regimen – Lactic acid is a useful tool for exfoliating the skin and improving the overall turnover rate for your skin cells. This helps to promote the production of collagen and elastin, thereby helping out with anti-aging as well.

Improved Texture – As the skin begins to age, it becomes thick and rough. The best way to bring back your youthful glow and suppleness is to improve the texture of your skin by getting rid of the dry and dead top surface and allowing the new skin cells to shine through. And the simplest and safest way to do that is to use lactic acid. Lactic acid is very useful in encouraging the skin to stay flawless, look younger and become smoother. Try to look for solutions that contain a concentrated strength of about 5% lactic acid. However, for best results, look out for concentrations that contain about 8 – 10% of lactic acid.


Lemons and spoon full of Citric Acid

Citric Acid is commonly used as a natural preservative and pH adjuster in skin care products. It helps to adjust the pH level down to 4.5 – 5.5. This goes a long way in making your skin and hair follicles feel smooth and shiny. Citric Acid is essentially a naturally occurring acid that is found in citrus, coffee and fresh fruits. It is usually derived by fermenting fruit sugars. Citrus acid is also known to be a weak organic acid. The discovery of this highly beneficial ingredient can be attributed to Jābir Ibn Hayyān, a Persian alchemist who discovered it in 8th century. However, Citrus Acid was first isolated from lemon juice only in the year 1784 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele, a chemist from Sweden.

The production of industrial scale citric acid began around the year 1890 and its importance has grown ever since. Citric acid has been accredited with all sorts of skin treatments such as brightening the skin, treating mild symptoms of acne, rectifying dark spots, removing fine lines and shrinking pores. It is a popular ingredient in scrubs, shampoos, moisturizers, masks, peels and toners. It is also believed to be one of the most astringent fruit acids in the world.

When citric acid is applied to the skin, it can also help in removing dead skin cells and boosting your cell turnover. This helps to promote new skin and remove the appearance of acne scars, uneven skin tones, uneven texture, minor wrinkles and age spots. Today, citric acid is mostly used because of its skin lightening and astringent properties in the skin care industry. Furthermore, citric acid is also believed to be an effective antioxidant which helps in regenerating skin tissues and slowing the skin aging process.

Now that you’ve understood how citric acid works on your body, why not understand the various ways in which it can help out with skin care.

Getting rid of pimples – Citric acids are very useful in getting rid of pimples. In fact, citric acids rank among the best ingredients for those wanting to reduce and lighten their pimple marks.

Removing dark spots and reducing pigmentation – Citrus acids are very beneficial for people wanting to get rid of skin issues such as freckles, age spots and dark spots. Formulas which contain citric acids help to clarify the skin over time and reduce the dark spots and freckles present in the skin.

Getting rid of acne – Citric acids can be used to help people with acne problems.

Skin Whitening – Citric acids function as a natural bleaching ingredient. This helps you to brighten your skin tone if you use products that contain citric acids on a regular basis. Furthermore, citric acids are also known to be useful in reducing irritation.

Removing blackheads – Citric acids help people to remove their blackheads by reducing the extra oil content in their skin. It is a well known fact that excessive oils in the skin are a common cause of blackheads.

Strengthening the cuticles – Citric acids help in increasing the production of proteins and keratin in your cuticles, thereby helping them to become stronger.

Beautifying discolored elbows – Citric acids are also used to bring back color to discolored elbows. They work by reducing the dark patches on the skin around the elbows.

Best Cosmetic Ingredients to Improve Your Skin Age

Clock ticking around young womans face As you might be aware, skin aging usually occurs because of two factors – intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic aging consists of things that are not in your control, things like your genetics. On the other hand, extrinsic aging consists of things that fasten your natural aging process, things that can easily be controlled with the help of the right ingredients. This post helps you to understand the most common factors of skin aging and which ingredients to use in order to control them. Choosing the best cosmetic ingredients should help you to improve your skin age and look younger.

Unprotected exposure to the sun is considered to be the single most important factor when it comes to premature skin aging. According to studies, approximately 80% of the premature aging occurs because of exposure to the harmful UV rays of the sun. These UV rays trigger free radical production in your skin, which destabilizes other molecules and generates more free radicals. These free radicals attack your collagen and forces your skin to lose its resilience and develop wrinkles.

Ingredients to look out for
There are several ingredients that are known to offer the best sun protection. First of all, you must understand that when it comes to sun protection, you need solutions that offer UVA protection as well as UVB protection. This is why experts advise you to use broad-spectrum sunscreens with SPF 30 sun protection. Some of the best ingredients to look out for in your sunscreens include Avobenzone, Benzophenones (Sulisobenzone, Oxybenzone and Dioxybenzone), Mexoryl SX, Menthyl anthranilate, Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide. All of these ingredients offer both UVA and UVB protection.

Smoking triggers the production of free radicals in your body. Free radicals are always present in the body, but as long as they stay under the healthy norms, they are neutralized by your body mechanisms. However, things like smoking cause these free radicals to increase which makes it impossible for your body to protect itself and neutralize these extra free radicals. Smoking can also lead to broken blood vessels and uneven skin coloring, both of which are known to induce premature skin aging as well.

Ingredients to look out for
Vitamin C and Vitamin E are extremely beneficial for the human body. Vitamin C helps you to improve the elasticity of your skin, boost its natural glow and increase the amount of collagen production in your body. On the other hand, Vitamin E helps to protect your skin from climatic changes and soothes your skin.

Eating the wrong kind of food or poor quality food leads to problems like inflammation. This makes you look older and accelerates the rate of skin aging as well. For example, if you eat too much of processed carbohydrates such as bread and pasta or have too much of sugar, you can end up damaging the collagen content in your skin. As you already know, collagen is the main component that helps you to make your skin look younger. Moreover, inflammation also leads to a number of problems such as diabetes and heart diseases. The best way to prevent this from happening is to follow a healthy diet, add things like fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet and cut back on eating junk food.

Ingredients to look out for
Apart from controlling your diet, you also need to be introducing the right ingredients into your skin care. Most people end up trying to cut out fat, but when it comes to the skin, fats are very important as they keep the skin hydrated and moisturized. This is where lipids are so important. Moisturizers that contain lipids such as Ceramide can help your skin to maintain its moisture level and stay hydrated. Hyaluronic acid is another ingredient that you must look out for. This is a naturally occurring ingredient that diminishes over time because of improper diets and smoking. It is also known to be one of the most effective anti-aging ingredients in the world. The acid works by drawing moisture from the atmosphere and adding it into your skin.

The link between stress and aging was debated for quite some time until a study conducted in the year 2004 proved that there is a direct link between chronic stress and aging. According to this study, telomeres are known to shorten for people who experience chronic stress. Telomeres are basically the caps that are in charge of protecting the ends of chromosomes. When the telomeres get damaged, your chromosomes begin to fall apart, leading to aging problems and cell damage.

Ingredients to look out for
One of the best ingredients for people who lead stressful lives is Retinol, also known as Vitamin A. Retinol is believed to be one of the most successful anti-aging skin care ingredients and it helps you with all sorts of issues such as evening out your uneven skin tones, unclogging the pores, reducing fine lines and wrinkles.

Faulty skin care habits lead to all sorts of consequences – right from irritation to skin aging to skin cancer. If you’re not managing to get the skin you want despite following a strict skin care routine, it might be time to check your skin care habits to check if there’s something wrong with your routine. Some of the most common problems in our skin care habits include forgetting to remove make-up before sleeping, not applying sunscreen 365 days a year, exfoliating the skin way too much, using ingredients that don’t match the type of skin, ignoring the skin below the neck and popping the pimples.

Ingredients to look out for
When it comes to improper skin care habits, the best way to solve your problems is to stop doing the wrong thing. All you need to do is make subtle changes in your skin care routine and you should start seeing results almost immediately. However, there are a few ingredients that can help you make this process faster. Products that contain alpha hydroxy acids or beta hydroxy acids are very beneficial for your skin as they can help out with things like sun spots, fine lines and acne. But, make sure that you don’t forget to apply sunscreens after applying hydroxy acids. Another ingredient to look out for is peptides. Peptides are proteins that can help you heal your wounds, boost the production of collagen and thicken your skin. Copper peptides are extremely common in skin care products and they are also known to help out in terms of improving the absorption of other antioxidants and anti-aging ingredients.


Vitamin A Vitamin A has most commonly been associated with Retinol in the world of skin care. However, the vitamin also comes in several other forms which play a significant role in various functions of the body as well. Apart from being vital to skin and cellular regeneration, Vitamin A is also known to be useful in gene transcriptions, immune functions and bone growth. Vitamin A was first discovered by a group of researchers in the year 1917. Retinoic acid, a metabolite of Vitamin A was introduced to the world of skin care in the 1970′s and Vitamin A immediately transformed into one of the most important skin care ingredients.

One of the most usable forms of Vitamin A is Retinol (including retinoic acid, retinal and retinyl ester). Retinols are basically the animal forms of Vitamin A and they can be easily converted into retinoic acid by the skin in order to make it active. These ingredients are extremely useful in all sorts of skin care applications such as treating aging skin, reducing acne, increasing the collagen production and increasing the cell turnover.

Vitamin A is generally introduced into the body by two ways – food and skin care products. Vitamin A is present in the form of retinol and carotenes in food. Some of the most common food products that are rich in the compound include broccoli, meat sources, spinach, carrots, sweet potatoes, kale and pumpkins. When it comes to skin care products, Vitamin A can be found in all sorts of creams, lotions, moisturizers and serums. When it is combined with ingredients such as peptides, lactic acids or skin building stem cells, it offers a gentle approach to anti-aging and also helps in providing hydration and strengthening the skin. When it is combined with ingredients like salicylic acid, it helps in skin regeneration and exfoliation. Finally, Vitamin A can also be found in the form of retinyl palmitate to help out with wrinkling problems, improving the skin texture and reducing the signs of aging.

To sum up, Vitamin A is one of the most powerful skin care ingredients that can be used to help out with things like anti-aging and regaining youthful skin. It is also known to be highly effective when it comes to treating acne. Here are some of the main benefits of using Vitamin A in your skin care products.

Reduce signs of premature aging – Vitamin A is considered to be one of the best anti-agers in the world. It firms up the skin, gives it luminosity, makes it look younger and adds radiance to the skin. Furthermore, the ingredient also promotes the production of collagen to help out with anti-aging.

Improve the skin tone and reduce signs of sun damage – Vitamin A helps in stimulating cell turnover, evening out the texture and the skin tone. It can be blended with Vitamin C as well as Vitamin E to give it plumping and moisturizing effects as well.  

Combat acne – Vitamin A can be used to treat your acne breakouts. In most cases, the dead skin cells clog your skin pores and contribute to your acne problems. Vitamin A helps to get rid of these dead skin cells and prevent breakouts.

All About Peptides

Peptides chemical makeup Peptides are groups of amino acids that act as the building blocks for proteins in your skin. They combine with each other to form long chains of amino acids in order to transform into proteins. Peptides that are found in short amino acid chains can penetrate into the top layers of your skin and sent out signals to your skin cells and instruct them on how they should be functioning. One of the most important proteins in the human body is collagen. Collagen is responsible for ensuring that the skin remains thick and supple. In other words, collagen is directly responsible for controlling skin aging. When the collagen level in the body breaks down, it leads to wrinkles and fine lines. Peptides can be topically applied onto the skin to send signals to your collagen proteins to increase their production. This helps you to get softer and younger looking skin.

Types of peptides

There are several types of peptides that are found in the human body.

  • Collagen Stimulating Peptides – The collagen stimulating peptides are considered to be the most popular ones in terms of skin care.
  • Copper Peptides –Copper peptide are also known to be extremely important to skin care. These peptides help you to reduce inflammation.
  • Neuropeptides – Neuropeptides help in reducing and relaxing facial muscles and diminishing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.  Argireline, also known as Acetyl Hexapeptide – 8 is the most common type of neuropeptide used in skin care.

Peptides in Skin Care

Although peptides cannot work miracles on your skin, they are excellent ingredients in terms of skin care. In most cases, peptides function as agents that can bind the moisture and instruct your skin to heal itself. This can make peptides an exciting ingredient to have in your skin care routine, as long as you’re not entirely dependent on them. That being said, there is still much to be learnt about peptides and how they can be utilized properly in skin care products to maximize their benefits. Moreover, contrary to popular opinions, peptides don’t work as dermal fillers or Botox. In other words, they are not the solution for those who fear of needles.

How long do peptides take to produce results?

In most cases, you can expect peptides to take some amount of time to work their magic. Peptides are best applied in the form of serums and you should be able to see results within 4 – 12 weeks of regular application. However, you should remember that when it comes to peptides, regular care is essential. If you stop using peptides, you should be able to see the difference on your skin.

The Bottom Line

Peptides are excellent anti-aging ingredients when it comes to skin care products. However, as with all other skin care ingredients, your skin is not entirely dependent on peptides when it comes to looking young and healthy. You need to ensure that you give peptides the right amount of time to work, follow them up with adequate skin care practices and maintain other aspects of your lifestyle as well in order to protect your skin from further damage.

INGREDIENT SPOTLIGHT: Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide)

Blue background with hand writing white text showing Vitamin B3 compound Niacinamide, also known as nicotinamide, is considered to be the “amide” version of Vitamin B3. In other words, the carboxyl group of nicotinic acid is replaced with a (carbox) amide group to form Niacinamide.

Niacinamide is seen as the bio-active version of Vitamin B3. It is generally known to be one of the most powerful ingredients in skin care products. It offers a range of benefits to the skin such as boosting its metabolic rate, regulating tdesquamation and supporting the barrier function of the skin. Niacinamide acts as a precursor for more than 300 enzymatic and chemical reactions in the body and it is also known to have anti-inflammatory properties.

Although studies to determine the various skin care benefits of Niacinamide on the skin are still in full swing, a number of promising results have already been found. According to a study, Niacinamide not only helps in reducing hyper-pigmentation, blotches on the skin and redness, but it is also tolerated by almost all types of skin. This double-blind, placebo controlled study was conducted with a group of 50 women who were aged between 40 – 60. Randomized testing was carried throughout a 12 week time frame and this randomization was done between a moisturizer with 5% Niacinamide concentrations and a moisturizer that did not contain Niacinamide. According to the results of the study, the former solution offered much more noticeable skin effects when compared to the latter.

Another study conducted by the Department of Life Science, University of Seoul, found that the cells that were exposed to Vitamin B3 showed lesser oxidative damage. This makes the results consistent with antioxidants. Other studies have also shown the benefits that Niacinamide has to offer in terms of treating wrinkles and boosting the elasticity of the skin.

Now that you’ve understood exactly how beneficial Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide) is for your skin, how about understanding the different ways in which it can benefit your skin?

Improving the moisture content of your skin – Niacinamide helps to improve skin hydration by strengthening the barrier function of the skin, thereby preventing weight loss. This was proved by a study that was conducted in the year 2000. The study showed that about 2% of Niacinamide helped in reducing the transepidermal water loss (TEWL) of the skin by as much as 24% within a period of 4 weeks. Furthermore, it also helped in increasing the ceramides (34%) and fatty acids (67%).

Improving the appearance of the skin - Skin aging usually takes place because of things like reduced collagen, the appearance of wrinkles, a poorer skin structure and reduced skin elasticity. Studies have shown that Niacinamide can help in increasing collagen secretion by 54% and stimulating fibroblasts (an ideal strategy to reduce collagen breakdown) by as much as 20%.

Evening out the skin tone – Prolonged exposure to sunlight leads to hyper-pigmentation, which in turn leads to an uneven skin tone. Although Niacinamide cannot inhibit the production of melanin (the ingredient responsible for uneven skin tones), it can inhibit the transfer of these melanosomes to their surrounding keratinocytes. This was actually proved by a study conducted in the year 2002. This makes Niacinamide a great ingredient for helping even out skin tone.

Vine Vera Brings You the Most Fashionable Anti-Aging Ingredients Right Now

Hand holding pill labeled anti-aging It is almost impossible to sit in front of your anti-aging skin care products and not think about those gorgeous celebrities with beautiful skin. How we long for skin that looks beautiful. And no matter how much we try, it seems to be something that’s simply out of our reach. We also end up trying all sorts of skin care products, but to no avail. And finally we get frustrated and give up. But, what we don’t realize is that the secret is not in the product that we choose, but the ingredients that it uses. There are several skin care ingredients that are famous for being extremely effective in terms of anti-aging and actually delivering on their promise of beautiful looking skin. The secret lies in understanding what product suits your skin. Here is a list of some of the most fashionable anti-aging ingredients right now. Using products with one of these champions is sure to turn your seemingly hopeless dreams into reality.


Retinol, a derivative of Vitamin A, is considered to be one of the best and most effective ingredients when it comes to anti-aging. It helps to treat sun spots, fine lines, sagging skin and dullness. What retinol essentially does is that it speeds up your cell turnover, boosts your collagen and elastin levels, stimulates cellular repair at the innermost levels of your skin and helps your skin to shed off its dull looking dead skin cells. Moreover, retinols also help in increasing blood circulation. As a result, you should be able to boast of younger, firmer, brighter and healthier looking skin.


Resveratrol is an extremely powerful antioxidant that is found in the skin of grapes. Resveratrol is considered to be one of the magic ingredients of skin care. What makes this ingredient so beneficial is that it doesn’t just have skin benefits, it helps in improving other aspects of the body as well. First and foremost, Resveratrol protects the skin from sun damage and helps to reduce the cellular damage caused to the skin. It is also considered to be an extremely stable and potent skin care product. Using Resveratrol is one of the fastest ways of getting rid of fine lines and wrinkles and firming up your skin because it works to directly improve your collagen and elastin levels.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is highly useful in preventing skin cancer, saving your skin from the damage caused by free radicals, preventing fine lines and wrinkles and making age spots disappear. Vitamin C is another antioxidant which penetrates your skin and protects your skin from the UV rays of the sun and the harmful free radicals in the environment. It works by turning these free radicals molecules into harmless compounds, thereby preventing them from damaging your collagen, DNA and elastin cells. Furthermore, it also reduces the appearance of skin discolorations and helps to strengthen the protective barrier of the skin.


Peptides are active proteins that can communicate with your skin cells and make them act in a particular way. Therefore, peptides can easily instruct your skin to increase its elastin production or make your skin heal its wounds or imperfections. By doing so, it can make your skin cells alleviate redness as well as instruct your muscles to relax themselves by minimizing your wrinkles. Palmitoyl Pentapeptide is believed to be one of the most powerful peptides. There are some other peptides such as copper peptides that cannot stimulate the skin directly, but can penetrate into the deeper layers of your skin and act as delivery mechanisms for other ingredients.

Hyaluronic Acid

Skin care products that contain Hyaluronic Acid are known for their anti-aging properties. The substance occurs naturally in humans and animals and is a major component of the connective tissues in the body. As a result, it helps to cushion and lubricate the body. Unfortunately, the amount of hyaluronic acid in the reduces over time, which leads to problems like accelerated aging. Therefore, introducing the ingredient with the help of skin care products helps to replenish the ingredient and prevent your skin from aging.

Most Fashionable Skin Care Ingredients Right Now

Mask on face with slices of various fruits on top With the different ingredients out there, it can become quite difficult what to choose and what not. Moreover, with trends and fashion dictating almost everything we do, women across the world try to seek out some of the most fashionable ingredients, believing that they cannot go wrong in selecting something that dictates world fashion in terms of skin care. In most cases, their reasoning is correct. There are a number of fashionable skin care ingredients that are performing miracles on the human skin around the world. However, before you choose one of these ingredients, you need to ensure that the product suits your type of skin. Remember, the ingredient is only as good as its compatibility with your skin.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic Acid, a type of BHA (Beta Hydroxy Acid) is extremely beneficial in treating skin care problems such as acne and irritation. Salicylic Acid works well with normal skin and oily skin and it can penetrate through the sebum which clogs your pores and clear blackheads. Using Salicylic Acid on a regular basis allows you to decrease the severity and frequency of your acne problems. However, make sure that you avoid Salicylic Acid if you’re suffering from aspirin allergies or dry/ sensitive skin.


Niacinamide, another form of Vitamin B3, can help you to prevent the formation of brown spots and reduce the appearance of wrinkles on your skin. Niacinamide is also known to be highly beneficial in clearing up your blemishes and reducing skin inflammation. This magical ingredient helps to increase the production of ceramides in the skin, which in turn improve the barrier function of the skin and prevent water loss. Niacinamide can be found in all sorts of serums, cleansers, lotions and moisturizers. It is usually known to be a well tolerated approach to soothing skin problems. According to a study conducted in the year 2010, women who used Niacinamide reduced the appearance of wrinkles when compared to women who used simple anti-aging creams.

Green Tea

Green Tea, also known as EGCG (Epigallocatechin Gallate) is suitable for all types of skin. Green tea works wonders in terms of reducing sun damage, soothing irritation and taking care of skin aging. Green tea is also believed to be one of the most potent ways of photo-protection. According to studies, products that contain 5% of green tea can help to prevent skin cancer when applied along with sunscreens.

Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA)

Alpha hydroxy acids are known to be one of the best exfoliators in the world. These acids occur naturally in the form of malic acid (apples), Glycolic acid (sugarcanes), citric acid (citrus fruits such as oranges) and lactic acid (milk). AHAs help to give your skin a smoother texture and allow it to look more radiant. Moreover, they also help in boosting the collagen production and allowing your skin to retain moisture. AHAs produce a chemical peel to exfoliate the outermost layers of your skin. However, you would not want to use AHA cleansers along with retinols as this could lead to skin inflammation or irritation.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera might be one of the oldest known skin care ingredients, but it still remains to be one of the most fashionable ones. Haven’t you noticed? All the oldies are making a comeback in terms of fashion. Aloe Vera is just one of those that simply refuses to go away. Aloe Vera has been used in skin care for generations. It can help you to soothe skin burns, treat cuts, comfort your rashes and reduce sunburns.

Alcohol is Bad for Skin Care – Myth or Not?

With the amount of misinformation available online, it is very easy to believe that alcohol based moisturizers don’t hurt your skin. Many formulas that contain ethanol often have a quick drying finish and this leaves behind a pleasant effect on your skin. Before we begin to discuss about the effects of alcohol in skin care, you need to understand that any product which lists alcohol as one of its main ingredients is bad for your skin. It is also important to realize that there are two types of alcohol being used in skin care products. Understanding the difference between the two can actually help you to select a product that is not harmful to your skin care routine.

Bottle of ethanol Ethyl Alcohol – Ethyl alcohol, also known as ethanol, is the regular alcohol that is commonly used in skin care and cosmetic products. It is the kind of alcohol that most people are familiar with and it is commonly used in beers, wines, facial toners, gels and hairsprays. However, the ethanol that is used in cosmetic and skin care products  is denaturated. This is what gives it its bitter taste. This type of alcohol is usually listed as SD Alcohol or Alcohol Denat on the ingredient list. Ethanol is mostly derived out of sugars and it is extremely volatile. Its volatility is one reason why it is so popular in hair styling products.

Alcohol splash on split coconut Fancy Alcohols – Fancy alcohols are another type of alcohol that are commonly used in skin care products. This alcohol is a fatty alcohol such as behenyl alcohol, cetearyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol or cetyl alcohol. All such alcohols are usually derived from palms and coconuts and are solid at room temperature. Some of their main applications come in hand and body lotions, conditioners and moisturizers.

It is common to misinterpret ingredients containing alcohol because of their fancy names. Moreover, when users see the name ethanol, a name they are the most familiar with, they end up believing it to be safe. On the other hand, when a fancy name such as cetyl alcohol comes up, most people end up believing that it is very harmful to their skin. Actually, fatty alcohols like cetyl alcohol are not drying at all. Instead, they are extremely beneficial for the skin as they condition your hair and your skin.

But does this mean that ethanol is damaging? Well, if you look at ethanol used in hair spray products, it is not damaging because the amount of ethanol that you use or spray on your hair is minimal. This prevents it from causing any drying or permanent damage. However, if this is used in skin care products, it might be used in greater percentages, but even then, that would be under 10%. This debunks one of the most common skin care myths – alcohol is not always harmful to your skin. In fact, it can prove to be quite beneficial.

Surely, with so many skin care companies using alcohol in their products, you would believe that there is some science behind it right? As explained above, there are two main reasons for the use of alcohol in skin care – alcohol helps in creating a thick product weightless and it is highly useful in helping beneficial ingredients to penetrate your skin.