Anti-Aging Ingredients For Any Age

You hear it all the time, “you can never start an anti-aging routine too early.” While this is true, it often leads to a bit of confusion when it comes to what you should be doing with your skin. The skin of a 20-year-old requires different ingredients than the skin of a 50-year-old woman. Some ingredients, such as antioxidants, can benefit all skin types but should be used in different formulations of concentrations. Luckily, we’ve uncovered the most important skin care ingredients for a variety of ages.

Woman applying sunscreen in a beach.

Twenties
You may scoff at starting an anti-aging routine at 20 because the skin is still firm, plump and radiant, but prevention is important. Perhaps the most important anti-aging ingredient in your 20s is finding a great sunscreen. Sun damage is one of the leading causes of premature aging, and using sun protection every single day helps to reduce damage done by UV rays. As mentioned above, antioxidants are important at every age when it comes to fighting aging. Free radicals, found in environmental factors such as pollution, are constantly threatening damage to your skin. Twenty-year-old skin benefits particularly from antioxidants such as green tea extract and vitamins C and E.

Woman getting a facial session in a spa.

Thirties
It is usually in their 30s that most women begin to notice fine lines and the first wrinkles. To combat this, it becomes increasingly important that you exfoliate your skin and help it to regenerate new, healthy skin. As you age the amount of collagen and elastin in your skin decreases and because regeneration slows down, your skin may appear to have an uneven tone and texture. A chemical exfoliant is one of the most important ingredients for women in their 30s. If you have dry or sensitive skin, consider use of an AHA exfoliant. If your skin is more on the combination to oily spectrum, use a BHA daily to gently exfoliate and help skin cell turnover. Another ingredient to begin incorporating into your skin care routine in your 30s is retinol.

Mature woman getting a beauty treatment in a spa.

Forties
Wrinkles and fine lines become more pronounced and sun damage is often visible at this stage. Additionally, your skin thins a bit, so it is important to find ingredients that firm and plump your skin. Retinoids are a great way to increase the skin’s barrier function and hyaluronic acid helps to plump your skin from the inside out. Hyaluronic acid is naturally found in the body and holds up to 1,000 times its weight in water making it perfect for hydration and plumpness.

Mature woman looking into the mirror

Fifties
Hormones play a role in your skin’s appearance your entire life, and significant hormonal changes in the 50s can lead to severe dryness of your skin. At this point, it is important to hydrate and nurture your skin. Ingredients like glycerin and ceramides help repair the moisture barrier to your skin and add extra nourishment. Additionally, vitamin E helps to soften rough, flaky skin.

While the needs your skin has at particular ages is different, it is always important to take good care of it.  A proper routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps keep skin healthy. And don’t forget the sunscreen because sun damage occurs across the ages.

Top Ingredients for Your Skin Type

The major skin types that people have include normal, dry, oily and combination. Normal skin is the most rare while oily can be the most difficult to remedy through topically applied products. Using the proper skin care ingredients for your skin type helps give you the clear, beautiful skin you want.

Vine-Vera-Top-Ingredients-for-Your-Skin-Type-Normal-Skin

Normal
Normal skin is the exception rather than the rule, and many people who have normal skin deal with normal skin plus a concern or two. You most likely have normal skin if your skin is not oily or dry and if you do get small spots of oily or dry skin they are quick and easy to remedy. Normal skin has a fairly even skin tone with no major brown or red spots and your pores are neither invisible nor enlarged.

The best way to care for normal skin is to avoid products labeled for other skin types: oily skin care products will be too drying while dry skin care products will have too much moisture. Look for products with gentle, but effective ingredients. Antioxidants are important ingredients for all skin types, and normal skin benefits from vitamins A, C and E. Though normal skin is not oily, you still need to exfoliate normal skin regularly to remove any dead skin cells or other debris that may accumulate. The best exfoliant for normal skin is an alpha hydroxy acid, which is a gentle chemical exfoliant. An AHA exfoliant also reduces the appearance of wrinkles and increases collagen production.

Cosmetic cream and strawberries on a wooden table.

Dry
The common perception is that dry skin suffers from a lack of moisture, but this is not entirely true. Rather, dry skin has lost its ability to maintain normal levels of moisture as the skin’s barrier response has been weakened. To best take care of dry skin, it is important to look for ingredients that help the skin to retain a healthy water balance. Rid your skin care routine of anything that contains a rough scrub, use your fingers rather than a harsh cleansing brush and drying ingredients such as alcohol.

Dry skin requires some extra attention and delicate care. Many times those with dry skin can skip cleansing altogether as soaps, particularly in bar form, can be incredibly drying. Splash some warm water over your face and cleanse using a gentle AHA exfoliant. Look for moisturizers packed with antioxidants such as vitamin E and consider the use of intensive serums or plant oils. Plant oils such as jojoba and olive oils can be extremely helpful to dry skin.

Woman cleansing her face.

Oily
Oily skin is perhaps the hardest type of skin to deal with because it is caused by hormones which are genetically determined. The hormones responsible for oil production are androgens and while they are considered the “male hormone,” they are present in both males and females. You have oily skin if your face becomes shiny about two hours after cleansing and continues to become increasingly “greasy” throughout the day. Additionally, people with oily skin often have enlarged pores due to the increase in oil production.

While it may seem like a good idea to dry out oily skin, this can make your skin produce even more oil. Rather than using harsh ingredients like alcohol, look for gentle cleansers with ingredients such as salicylic acid. This helps combat oil, and any resulting acne, without being too drying on the skin. Use of a toner after cleansing can help oily skin and looking for one with antioxidants such as vitamin C (ascorbic acid) can provide great benefits. Be sure to exfoliate and again salicylic acid, or BHA exfoliant, is great for clearing away dead skin cells and unclogging pores.

Witch Hazel

Combination
Combination skin is difficult for people to deal with and recognize. Combination skin occurs when you face two or more skin types at one time. Often, some part of the skin is dry and flaky while other parts of the skin are oily. Generally, this manifests as an oily T-zone, where the forehead, nose and chin are oilier than the rest of the face.

Use a gentle cleanser and avoid bar soaps for combination skin. Again, look for a toner but be sure that it does not include any irritating ingredients such as citrus oils, alcohols or witch hazel. Salicylic acid is a great ingredient and can be used as a regular exfoliant to keep the T-zone clean and clear. If your skin is particularly dry, then you may want to skip the BHA (salicylic acid) toner and switch to an AHA exfoliant. Use heavy moisturizers or anti-acne medications as spot treatments rather than applying to the entire face.

Treating your unique skin type with the ingredients that it needs ensures you have the healthiest skin possible. Remember to use sunscreen daily no matter what type of skin you have as it provides necessary protection against harmful UV rays. A regular routine of cleansing, exfoliating and moisturizing helps all skin types stay looking youthful and radiant.

What Vitamin C Does for Skin – Vine Vera Reviews

Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin. This means that the vitamin dissolves in water, so you need to be sure that you are receiving a continuous supply of vitamin C. We previously posted on foods that will help you achieve your daily recommended amount of vitamin C, but you can also get the benefits of vitamin C through topical application. Not sure why you would want to apply vitamin C to your skin? Check out the information below to learn what vitamin C can do for your skin.

Fruits rich in Vitamin C

Vitamin C
There are several forms of vitamin C that are used in skin care products. In any form vitamin C is highly beneficial providing a wide variety of benefits. Topical application of vitamin C can:

  • Minimize the appearance of brown spots and other aging marks such as spots from sun damage
  • Increase your body’s collagen production
  • Lessen the amount of inflammation and irritation in your skin
  • Decrease the appearance marks due to acne and breakout
  • Increases the skin’s natural healing response
  • Enhance sunscreen effectiveness and increase your natural UV protection

Chemical formula of ascorbic acid.

Types of Vitamin C
While some product packaging will proclaim that vitamin C is an ingredient, others may use different terms to refer to the various forms of vitamin c. The most frequently used form of vitamin C in skin care is ascorbic acid. This is because ascorbic acid is backed by proper research which states that any type of vitamin C can benefit for skin.

Ascorbic acid is also known as L-ascorbic acid and when properly formulated, the ingredient can help in creating firmer and younger skin, while removing post-acne marks and the signs of sun damage. This substance can be used either on its own or with other antioxidant ingredients. One of the greatest pairings in skin care is the combination of vitamins C and A.

Though ascorbic acid is the most commonly used ingredient in skin care, there are other types that you may want to look for on product labels. The other derivatives of vitamin C in skin care are:

  • Ascorbyl palmitate
  • Magnesium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Tetrahexldecyl ascorbate
  • Sodium ascorbyl phosphate
  • Retinyl ascorbate

All of these forms of vitamin C also provide protection against free-radical damage, though the above derivatives are more powerful when combined with other ingredients such as retinol (vitamin A) or niacinamide (vitamin B). A combination of other ingredients and antioxidants will benefit all forms of vitamin C and help them to be as beneficial as possible.

Vitamin C can be achieved through both diet and skin care products. Vitamin C is a superstar antioxidant that provides a multitude of benefits for your skin, helping it look younger, firmer and more even. A concentration as low as .06% vitamin C in a skin care product can provide excellent benefits, while a concentration of 15 to 25% results in maximum fading of sun damage, other signs of aging and post-acne marks. Be sure to incorporate a skin care product with vitamin C into your skin care routine to improve your healthy collagen levels, resulting in diminished signs of aging and healthier skin overall.

Vitamin C Rich Foods – Vine Vera Reviews

Now that you know how important vitamin C is to both your body’s internal processes and your complexion, you might be wondering how best to receive it. We mentioned in our last post that you can definitely apply vitamin C topically in order to help fade sun damage and reduce irritation and inflammation of the skin. However, you can also head to your kitchen when you want to reap the benefits of vitamin C.

Closeup of strawberries and sliced pineapples.

Fruits
Possibly the most famous fruit for vitamin C is the orange. You know that oranges are high in vitamin C, providing collagen boosting benefits and a healthy immune system. But if you don’t feel like scarfing down oranges all of the time, there are plenty of other fruits that are vitamin C rich.

Tropical fruit lovers will be pleased to know that pineapple is a fruit with a high vitamin C concentration. Papaya is also a fruit that contains tons of vitamin C. A one cup serving of papaya contains 88.3mg of vitamin C while a serving of pineapple contains 78.9mg. Mangoes are another tropical fruit that contains vitamin C and beats out oranges, pineapples and papayas in the level of vitamin C it contains. A serving of mangoes contains 122.3mg of vitamin C and is also a great source of vitamin A (which works well in conjunction with vitamin C). Slicing up a kiwi and eating it will result in you getting about 70mg of vitamin C.

Strawberries are also an awesome source of vitamin C with a one cup serving containing almost 85mg of vitamin C. For a super dose of vitamin C, slice up your favorite fruits from this brief list and make a delicious, and nutritious, tropical fruit salad.

Salad with bell peppers and olive oil

Vegetables
Most people associate oranges, and other citrus fruits, with vitamin C, but there are tons of vegetables that can add a great amount of vitamin C to your diet. Red and green bell peppers are an excellent source of vitamin C:  a cup of chopped red pepper contains three times the amount of vitamin C than an orange does with 190mg of vitamin C being in one cup of chopped red bell peppers. Green bell peppers are also a great source of vitamin C as they contain about 120mg in a one cup serving.

One of the most buzzed about vegetables recently is kale and with good reason. A one cup serving of kale provides twice the recommended daily allowance of vitamin A and seven times the amount of vitamin K. When it comes to vitamin C, a one cup serving of kale provides you with 80mg, roughly the recommended daily amount for adult males and females. Your mother probably told you to eat your broccoli as a child, and you should definitely heed her advice. A one cup serving of broccoli is just 30 calories and contains over 130mg of vitamin C in addition to being rich in fiber.

When it comes to getting the recommended daily amount of vitamin C, you can easily accomplish your goal through your diet. A fresh fruit salad for breakfast and a snack of broccoli in the afternoon will easily have you getting the amount of vitamin C that you need for beautiful skin and a healthy body.

Ingredient Spotlight: Vitamin C – Vine Vera Reviews

Chemical Formula of Vitamin C.

You know that your body needs vitamins and minerals in order to function properly and you know that vitamin C is one of them. However, you may not know just how important vitamin C really is and why it is an important skin care ingredient. Vitamin C does so much more than improve and encourage healthy immune functioning, it benefits your skin as well.

What is Vitamin C and What Does it do?
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, vitamin C is  a water-soluble vitamin which has is considered to be essential for proper growth and development. Since vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, it ends up dissolving in water. This means that all leftover amounts of the vitamin leave the body through urine. This is why it is essential to ensure a continuous supply of vitamin C in your diet.

One of the reasons that vitamin C is so crucial to your body is that it helps grow and repair tissues throughout your entire body. It helps your body to form scar tissue and your wounds to heal in addition to repairing and maintaining bones, teeth and cartilage. Vitamin C is required to create an important protein that is used to make tendons, skin, blood vessels and ligaments. So, vitamin C does quite a bit more than simply helping your immune system function properly.

Additionally, and most importantly regarding skin care, vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. An antioxidant is a nutrient that fights and blocks damage done due to free radicals. Your body naturally creates free radicals as it breaks food down or when you are exposed to environmental dangers such as smoke. Free radicals are being researched for their role in conditions such as cancer, heart disease and arthritis. The buildup of free radicals is what is largely responsible for the aging process.

Why is Vitamin C an Important Ingredient in Skin Care?
Vitamin C offers excellent antioxidant protection by shielding the skin from the damage caused by free radicals, rogue molecules which lead to premature aging of the skin. Here is a list of what using a skin care ingredient containing vitamin C can do:

  • Boosting the skin’s defense against UV exposure
  • Reducing irritation and inflammation
  • Boosting healthy collagen production
  • Fading post-breakout red marks
  • Increasing the effectiveness of sunscreens
  • Reducing the presence of sun damage and brown spots

When you look for ingredients with vitamin C, it may be helpful to look for ascorbic acid or L-ascorbic acid. This is backed by proper research, and offers more benefits of the skin than any other form of the vitamin. For that reason, ascorbic acid is most used in well-formulated skin care products. Look for skin care products that use either 15 to 25 percent ascorbic acid to see the maximum benefit in reduction of age spots and other damage.

Vitamin C applied topically, as described above, is a great way to incorporate this ingredient into your healthy skin care routine. You can also receive benefits of vitamin C by incorporating fresh fruits and vegetables into your diet. Fruits such as kiwis, oranges and grapefruits are high in vitamin C as are sweet potatoes and red and green peppers. Vitamin C is an important ingredient for both a healthy body and radiant looking skin.

Why Resveratrol is Good for Men’s Skin – Vine Vera Reviews

Antioxidants are beneficial for all skin, male and female. One of the most potent antioxidants especially with regards to anti-aging is resveratrol. This compound has been the subject of much study and debate and continues to be to this day. Many praise resveratrol with the ability to positively benefit your health in several ways. Below, learn what resveratrol is and why it is beneficial to male skin.

Molecule of resveratrol.

What is Resveratrol?
Resveratrol is a natural antioxidant compound known as a polyphenol. This compound is produced naturally by plant when they undergo stress such as an attack from insects or too much sunlight. Resveratrol is found naturally in the skins of grapes, blueberries, blackberries, raspberries and pomegranate. Perhaps most famously resveratrol is found in red wine, due to the skin of the grapes used and it is also found in some nuts such a peanuts.

Man pouring red wine into a glass.

What Does Resveratrol Do?
Resveratrol is widely studied for a variety of reasons, but two of the most frequent reasons resveratrol is being studied is for its ability to act in a caloric restrictive way which helps lead to a longer life. Research has already shown that calorie restriction is beneficial in prolonging life and health, and the fact that resveratrol activates the pathway associated with calorie restriction leads many research experts to believe that resveratrol may hold the key to longer lives. Additional research on resveratrol is and has been conducted on its ability to protect against heart disease and help stop the growth of cancer cells. Additional research is being conducted regarding resveratrol and it’s potential positive side effect concerning diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease.

Resveratrol and Male Skin
When it comes to your skin, resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant that helps protect against damage by free radicals and the process of oxidation. Oxidative damage occurs as you age and is primarily caused by sun exposure. Free radicals decrease the levels of collagen in your skin as well as activate enzymes that actually break down the amount of collagen and elastin in your skin. Collagen and elastin are an important protein for your skin and help you maintain a youthful, healthy complexion.

Man examining a glass of wine.

How to Use Resveratrol
There are several ways that you can reap the positive benefits of resveratrol. The first is through your diet. Increase the amount of blueberries, blackberries and pomegranate in your diet or enjoy a glass of red wine after dinner. Secondly, check with your doctor to find out whether or not a resveratrol supplement would benefit you. Lastly, apply resveratrol topically by choosing product formulas with resveratrol as an ingredient. Experts state that when this ingredient is applied topically, it can help to improve collagen synthesis, protect against sun damage and reduces cell damage. Resveratrol is a potent and stable antioxidant that is worth finding in a skin care product.

Resveratrol is an excellent addition to male skin, and the overall health of males. Age gracefully by choosing products that decrease the amount of damage done to your skin while improving the skin cells natural functions.

Ingredients to Soothe Razor Bumps and Other Shaving Maladies – Vine Vera Reviews

You do everything that you can to prevent razor bumps or razor burn and other irritation due to shaving, but sometimes even taking precautions results in irritation. When you find yourself with unsightly and uncomfortable razor burn you still have options for soothing relief. Try one, or several, of these ingredients to help soothe razor bumps.

Closeup of an Aloe vera leaf

Aloe Vera
Aloe vera has long been used to treat irritated skin, particularly as an after-care sun skin soother. This is because aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties, helping to calm the skin down. Additionally, aloe vera is an antibacterial, which helps clean and clear up razor bumps. Aloe vera is also packed full or vitamins and minerals that help relieve razor bumps and other shaving issues.

Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide) formula

Niacinamides
Niacin and niacinamides are “forms of vitamin B3” according to the United States National Library of Medicine. Niacinamide is also known as nicotonic acid and it is a cell-communicating skin care ingredient. As the description implies, niacinamide communicates with your skin cells to improve the elasticity of your skin and return your skin to its natural tone and texture. In addition, when applied topically, niacinamide helps treat redness on the skin due to razor bumps and enhances the skin’s barrier function.

Honey in a jar

Honey
Honey is used in some skin care, but it can also stand alone as an ingredient that treats irritated razor bumps. Raw honey is a great antibacterial ingredient that cleanses the skin while also soothing razor bumps. It is also a humectant, which means that it not only provides moisture, but keeps it in the skin as well. Honey will also reduce the inflammation of razor bumps and any swelling that may occur.

Tea tree oil

Tree Tea Oil
This ingredient is a controversial one when it comes to razor bumps. Some claim that tea tree oil is wonderful for clearing razor bumps while others say that use of tea tree oil can aggravate irritated skin. In the event that you try tea tree oil, look at the entire list of ingredients to find other skin soothing compounds or, if using just as pure tea tree oil, be sure to dilute it with water prior to applying it to your skin. You can also add a drop of tea tree oil to your favorite moisturizer to help increase the soothing properties.

Oatmeal

Oatmeal
You could take an oatmeal bath to provide immediate relief of itching and burning or wash with a cleanser that contains collodial oatmeal, since most people don’t have the time to take a bath after shaving. Oatmeal is the most beneficial ingredients to deal with the pain or itching that sometimes comes with razor burn and other shaving issues.

These ingredients help to soothe skin that is affected by razor bumps, burns or other shaving irritations, but you still want to be sure that you do all you can to prevent these issues. Use a hydrating shaving cream or gel to reduce the amount of friction between your skin and your razor. Be sure that you are not using a dull razor, as dull blades increase shaving mishaps.

Top Skin Care Ingredients for Guys – Vine Vera Reviews

Father’s Day is approaching and one of the ways you can show the man, or men, in your life your love is by providing him a gift of skin care. Okay, so he may not react as you might when given quality skin care items, but stay with us. Giving the father/s in your life skin care suggests that they are worth investing time into themselves and you provide them with items they may not splurge on otherwise. Besides, if your guy has been grabbing for your skin care bottles, he might be super disappointed by the results.

Man looking at himself in the mirror.

Is Skin Care Different for Men?
The answer is a resounding yes. The skin of men is vastly different than the skin of women, and as such it will have needs that are not the same as the needs of women’s skin care. The International Dermal Institute states that the although the ability of men to be able to grow a beard is one distinction, there are others that are not as evident. From a structural point of view, there are several differences such as collagen density, skin thickness, texture, hydration and loss of collagen as we age.

So, yeah, skin care for men is definitely different than skin care for women. Why? The main difference occurs due to androgens, the male sex hormones. The International Dermal Institute goes on to say that androgens (including testosterone) lead to the presence of a dense network of collagen fibers when compared to those found in the female skin.

Skin Care Ingredients for Male Skin
Now that you know why you need to look for specialized skin care for men, what ingredients should you be looking for?

Man having an apple.

Antioxidants
Antioxidants are important skin care ingredients for both men and women. These powerful substances fight free radical damage through oxidation. The most common antioxidant ingredients to look for include vitamins A, C and E in addition to selenium and zinc.

Man enjoying an exfoliating session in a spa.

Exfoliants
Though  man’s skin is certainly different from a woman’s, all skin should be exfoliated regularly. This can be achieved using scrubs designed to exfoliate dead, dry skin or through the use of chemical exfoliants. Chemical exfoliants are more gentle on the skin than harsh scrubs and can be used daily. These liquids or gels are swiped across the face to remove excess sebum (oil), dirt, dead skin cells and other debris. Chemical exfoliants are typically classified as alpha hydroxy acids or beta hydroxy acids. Beta hydroxy acids are salicylic acid while alpha hydroxy acids are most frequently glycolic, lactic or malic acids.

Glycerin soap in a spa setting.

Glycerin
Men’s faces may have a denser collagen network than women, but they still require moisture. Glycerin is an excellent ingredient to look for in men’s moisturizer.Glycerin is especially beneficial for use after shaving as it helps to improve the barrier function of the skin.

Show the man/men in your life some love by investing in skin care for Father’s Day. By selecting products specifically targeted for men you make sure that his skin is being completely taken care of according to it’s specific needs.

Sunscreen Active Ingredients Explained – Vine Vera Reviews

You know that you are supposed to use sunscreen every single day even during those months where the sun is scarce. Using a sunscreen protects your skin against damage from the sun’s harmful UV rays. Damage can be in the form of sunburn, sun spots, premature wrinkles or even skin cancer. However, what you may not know is what exactly the active ingredients in sunscreen are or how they protect your skin against all of the aforementioned types of damage. We explain here what the active ingredients in sunscreens really do.

In a document that gives consumers important information about sunscreens, the Environmental Protection Agency states that “[b]road spectrum sunscreens often contain a number of chemical ingredients that absorb UVA and UVB radiation.” In addition to chemical compounds that provide sun protection, there are also physical compounds that work a bit differently and are frequently referred to as sun blocks. The physical compounds zinc oxide and titanium dioxide scatter, reflect and absorb both UVA and UVB rays.

Woman spraying sunscreen on her legs.

Chemical Sunscreens
The majority of people applying sunscreens are using a chemical sunscreen, and these are often the most recommended by skin experts. The compounds contained in chemical sunscreens are approved by the FDA include:

  • Aminobenzoic acid (PABA) – Provides minimal UVA protection extensive UVB protection.
  • Avobenzone – Provides extensive UVA protection and limited UVB protection.
  • Cinoxate – Provides limited UVA and extensive UVB protection.
  • Dioxybenzone – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Ecamsule – Provides extensive UVA protection limited UVB protection.
  • Homosalate – Provides minimal UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Menthyl anthranilate – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Octocrylene – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Octyl methoxycinnamate – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Octyl salicylate – Provides minimal UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Oxybenzone – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Padimate O – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Phenylbenzimidazole – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Sulisobenzone – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Trolamine salicylate – Provides limited UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.

The good news about chemical sunscreens is you do not have to worry about finding one with extensive UVA and extensive UVB protection because the vast majority of chemical sunscreens contain combinations of chemical compounds so that you are as protected as possible. This is why they are labeled as broad-spectrum sunscreens. Skin care experts suggest using an SPF of 30 (or higher) and always making sure that it provides broad-spectrum coverage.

Woman applying sunscreen on her shoulders.

Physical Sunscreens
There are currently two active ingredients approved by the FDA. They are:

  • Titanium dioxide – Provides considerable UVA protection and extensive UVB protection.
  • Zinc oxide – Provides extensive protection from both UVA and UVB rays.

One of the reasons that these active ingredients are not as popular as their chemical counterparts is the application, the appearance and the potential for breakouts. Still, these physical ingredients are beneficial protection from both UVA and UVB rays and these work immediately upon application whereas chemical sunscreens take about 20 to 30 minutes to absorb into the skin.

Skin care experts, while often recommending chemical sunscreens, remind you that the only effective sunscreen is the one that you wear. Choose the type of sun protection that makes the most sense for your skin and your lifestyle and apply before any sun exposure.

Top Summer Skin Care Ingredients – Vine Vera Reviews

Summer is seriously just around the corner and it is time to start re-evaluating your skin care routine. Sure, you may need some of the same products you use year-round, but summer skin does have a certain set of needs to be aware of. Here are a few of the most beneficial summer skin care ingredients to be on the lookout for.

Woman applying sunscreen.

Sun Protection
You knew we were going to say something about sun protection and sunscreen. And, you also know that you should be applying sun protection to both your face and body no matter what season it is. However, if you don’t follow the rule of year-round sun care, it is especially important to look for ingredients aimed at sun protection during the summer. The sun is out more frequently, the days last longer and you have more skin exposed in warmer weather, all of which add up to the fact that sun protection is an absolute necessity. Two of the most common skin care ingredients to watch for include titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.

Oranges rolling out of a medicine bottle. Vitamin C Concept.

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is another skin care ingredient that is majorly beneficial during the entire year, but especially so during the summer. Vitamin C, when applied topically, aids in collagen formation and growth which helps keep your skin supple and radiant. Additionally, the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology published a study online that states vitamin C also helps prevent the formation of sunburn cells. Still, these are not the only benefits in using a skin care formulation that includes vitamin C: other benefits include improved skin elasticity, reduction of fine lines and visible improvements against photo-damaged skin (discolored skin).

Hot coffee in a cup with coffee beans scattered on the table. q

Caffeine
You may have noticed that caffeine is becoming an increasingly popular ingredient when it comes to skin care. There are a few reasons for this and the most relevant reason with regards to summer skin care includes the fact that caffeine has a sunscreen effect when applied topically. While caffeine mimics sunscreen and provide a bit of added protection, it is not a substitute for traditional sun protection. In addition, recent studies have found that when used on cells that had UV damage, caffeine was able to destroy the damaged cells without any harm to the surrounding healthy cells.

BHA representation.

Beta-Hydroxy Acid (BHAs)
Alpha hydroxy and beta hydroxy acids are beneficial chemical exfoliants, but when summer rolls around it is usually advised to stick with a beta hydroxy acid exfoliant than AHAs. This is because many AHAs, such as glycolic or lactic acids, increase the skin’s sensitivity to the sun and BHAs do not. Using a BHA is helpful during summer because the warmer weather tends to lead to increased sebum (oil) production and a BHA exfoliant helps to clear pores of sebum and other debris such as dead skin cells.

Another important thing to remember during summer when it comes to skin care is to drink plenty of liquids. Not only does water help prevent your body from becoming dehydrated, it also helps keep your skin hydrated as well.