Nutshell Powder: Uses & Benefits

Nutshell

The shells of some nuts can be used in a variety of different ways you’ve probably never known. Typically, walnuts prove to be the most useful as they possess a significantly large hard outer shell that can be grounded into powder. Nutshell powder has been used for centuries where it was originally implemented in folk medicine. You can purchase walnut shell powder easily today and many individuals even buy it in bulk to add it to their beauty products thereby enhancing the product’s absorption in the skin.

Industrial Uses
Walnut shells, when grounded to a powder of various sizes have been used as fillers in synthetic resin adhesives, industrial tiles and plastics. In fact, around 50% of the walnut shell powder produced in the world is used in the plastic industry alone. The shell powder also has uses as an abrasive for polishing metal castings and even jewellery. Dyes are also made from walnut shells and leaves in countries like Turkey and the high tannin content of green walnut shells is also used in the leather industry. Additionally, pharmaceutical grade charcoal can be prepared from walnut shells.

As well as walnuts, shell powder is also made from coconuts where it is used as a filler in the manufacture of moulding powders such as synthetic resin glues, bakelite and formaldehyde. It is also found widely in plywood and laminated boards. Furthermore, coconut shell powder is used as a raw material in the activated carbon industry.

In Asia, coconut shell powder is widely used in the creation of insect repellents like mosquito coils. It is also found in incense in India due to its burning qualities and ability to be moulded into a long and thin uniform stick.

Beauty Products
It may sound strange, but many individuals actually buy nutshell powder (usually from walnuts) to add to their beauty products. By adding this fine powder to a cream, lotion or body wash you actually give the product an additional ability to exfoliate amongst its other purposes. Nutshell powder gently exfoliates the outer layers of the dermis allowing the cream or lotion to better absorb deeper into the skin. Some cosmetic companies automatically include walnut shell powder into their facial peels, skin cleansers and scrubs because it has become so popular.

Other exterior uses of walnut shell powder extend to skin issues like acne, eczema, blisters and even ringworm. Many individuals also use it to treat more serious skin problems such as psoriasis and canker sores. Nutshell powder can generally be used to treat skin conditions that occur as a result of fungal infection.

Health Uses
The outer shell of the black walnut in powdered form can help with numerous health ailments. It assists in eliminating intestinal parasites and tapeworms and the powder is extremely abundant in iodine. When taken internally in capsule form it can also support and regulate the functioning of the thyroid gland. Some doctors will even recommend internal intake of walnut extracts for problem such as gout, glandular problems and rheumatism.

Three Ways to Benefit from Resvertrol

Woman having red wine

Resveratrol is part of a group of compounds derived from plants called polyphenols. It is found abundantly in the skin of red grapes, as well as in berries and peanuts and is the reason why consuming red wine is often touted as having numerous health benefits. Advertisements for resveratrol claim it can do virtually anything from promoting weight loss to extending people’s lives. Here we detail three ways you can benefit from taking this wonder-drug.

Anti-Aging
Every day, our bodies are exposed to environmental factors such as pollution or even just stress that lead to the formation of free-radicals. Excessive amounts of free radicals are known to cause premature aging which can also lead to disease. Resveratrol works as an antioxidant and scavenges these free-radicals keeping our bodies healthier and our skin looking younger. In the past few decades, there have been literary thousands of studies conducted on resveratrol which have highlighted how the compound prevents oxidative stress in our blood vessels and helps promote normal cell replication. All in all. this means supplementing it will ensure you stay in tip-top condition throughout your life.

Disease Prevention
Phytochemicals like resveratrol are known to reduce individual’s risk of developing major diseases. Resveratrol has shown itself to reduce inflammation in the body and prevent the oxidation of LDL or ‘bad’ cholesterol preventing the formation of clots that can lead to heart attacks. The supplement has also shown to limit the spread of cancerous cells and help promote their apoptosis or death. Additionally, the compound prevents insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes, keeping the effect of the blood-sugar hormone insulin working as best as it can. Resveratrol has also shown to increase levels of the hormone leptin which regulates fat storage and therefore assists with weight loss and prevention of over-eating.

Mental Health and Cognitive Decline
By improving cellular support, resveratrol has also shown to boost mental health and help prevent cognitive decline. One study in Germany involving 56 healthy volunteers found the use of resveratrol led to an increased ability in simple tasks such as remembering words. Additionally, those who took the supplement had an increase in functional connectivity of the hippocampus, an area of the brain used for the organization of memory, compared to those who took placebo. Preliminary studies have also shown that resveratrol may prevent nerve damage and the buildup of plaque in the brain that leads to Alzheimer’s disease.

Dosage
Dosages used in studies are typically higher than those found in supplements today with the amount shown to be beneficial being around 2000mg and most supplements containing anywhere between 250-500mg. Generally speaking recommended maximum doses lie around 500mg/day. However, even though resveratrol is present in much smaller amounts in red wine, at around 2mg per glass, nations that consume red wine in abundance such as France have shown to have far reduced the risk of numerous diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease. This means supplementing even just 250mg/day is likely to yield numerous benefits.

Adding Grapes to Meals

Did you know that resveratrol, which is a polyphenolic compound that’s said to have antioxidant properties, is found in grapes? Although all grapes contain resveratrol, it’s the purple and red ones that contain far more than the others. Now don’t get me wrong, there’s nothing wrong with sitting there snacking on grapes in between meals, but you can actually incorporate them into your dishes in some fantastic ways. Check out the following ideas for how you can add grapes to your next meal.

Baguette

Grapes on Baguette
One of the most popular meals ever involves combining a baguette, honey, mustard, dried cranberries, brie, and grapes. All you have to do is toast the baguette, put on some brie, then sprinkle on dried cranberries. Next, use scissors to chop up grapes into small pieces and put them on the sandwich, then drizzle everything with honey and mustard. Sometimes I’ll warm it up, other times I’ll just eat it as is, but it never disappoints.

Grilled chicken wrap

Grape and Grilled Chicken Wrap
This is super simple to make and it’s a filling meal. Put diced chicken in a skillet, and once it’s cooked all the way through, put in some Italian dressing and let all the flavors cook together for a few minutes. Turn off the heat, move it over to a cool burner, then throw in chopped up grapes, tomato, and arugula and mix it all together. Put it all on a wheat wrap and you’re good to go.

Ranch pizza

Ranch and Grape Pizza
Take a plain pizza crust and top it with a layer of cheddar cheese (crust area included). Top that with chopped green onions, chopped up grapes, and chopped up broccoli. Bake according to the cooking instructions on the pizza crust packaging. While that’s cooking, crisp up some bacon in a frying pan. Once the pizza is done, sprinkle it with chopped up bacon and drizzle with ranch dressing.

Selection of sandwiches

Fruit, Peanut Butter, Chocolate, and Cream Cheese Sandwich
Making this sandwich is super easy and only takes minutes. Soften a bit of cream cheese in a microwave, then spread it on one side of your favorite bread (I use multi-grain). On the other side, put peanut butter. Top it with chopped up grapes and sliced strawberries, then sprinkle on some semi-sweet chocolate chips. Close the sandwich, then for the final step, toast up both sides in a frying pan until all the ingredients melt together. You can eat it warm or wait until it cools; personally, I love it either way.

One of the best things about grapes – other than they contain Resveratrol of course – is that they’re incredibly versatile. They pair well with salty or sweet ingredients, with cheese and chicken and a whole slew of ingredients in between, and they’re good for you. They even make for a delicious frozen treat during the summer or all year long. Don’t hesitate to experiment in the kitchen and see what grape recipes you come up with. Now that you have some ideas for how to incorporate grapes into your meals, it’s time to get cooking! Happy eating!

Dietary Supplements for Healthy Skin

Fish oil supplements

Many of us strive to have healthy skin but it’s a continuous process, one that requires eating foods that can have a positive effect on our skin, using creams and lotions, and trying to figure out new techniques to have the skin looking its best. Dietary supplements can help, especially if you’re not eating as well as you could be. If you’re interested in giving them a shot in an effort to get healthier skin, the following supplements could be worth looking into.

Fish Oil
Fish oil is wonderful for helping skin look healthy. For example, it’s said to have anti-inflammatory properties. It may even help protect the skin from sun damage and skin cancer. Applying it directly to the skin could also provide positive results for those who have psoriasis. Fish oil is available in liquid form as well as capsules. If you’re worried about “fishy burps,” don’t worry, because there are supplements of the “burpless” variety, just make sure to check the label before purchasing so you get the right ones.

Collagen
When it comes to the skin, collagen is a protein that gives the skin its structure, firmness, and strength amongst other functions. According to theskincompany.com, every year after 29-years-old, we lose about 1-percent of collagen. It may not seem very significant, but when you do the math, it’s pretty alarming. There are studies being done to determine if collagen supplements actually work primarily because they have to travel through your body and make their way to the skin. However, if you are interested in seeing if it could work for you, it’s available in pill, powder, and juice form, and your dermatologist can give you good insight on which would be the best option for you.

Biotin
Found in foods like eggs and peanuts, biotin can be great for improving the health of your skin as it helps build up (healthy) fat. When your body lacks enough biotin, it could result in your skin developing a rash and getting flaky. It’s recommended that men and women who are 19 and over have 30 micrograms daily. In addition to being good for the skin, Biotin is also said to be excellent for hair and nails. Biotin supplements are available in capsule form and even the gummy variety. Additionally, there are dietary supplements that combine biotin and collagen together.

Now keep in mind before you head over to your nearest store to pick up one or more of the aforementioned dietary supplements that it’s vital that you speak with your doctor before taking any for your skin. It’s also important to first do your own research to find out what the side effects are to see if they’re even something you’re comfortable dealing with should they happen to you. Even though the aforementioned are naturally found in foods you eat very likely on a daily basis, you don’t want to take more or less than you should be taking without first speaking to a medical professional. A quick phone call to your doctor can answer many of your questions.

Allergies and Clear Skin

April showers bring May flowers, but they also bring puffy, itchy and watery eyes, constantly runny noses and the inability to stop sneezing. According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 50 million Americans suffer from seasonal allergies every year. Also known as hay fever and allergic rhinitis, seasonal allergies can be majorly uncomfortable to deal with and in some instances, they can wreak havoc on your skin as well. If you suffer from seasonal allergies that cause your skin to be problematic, try the three tips below to both deal with allergies and to keep your skin clear.

Woman sneezing

Treat Allergies
If you want your clear skin back, you will need to treat your allergies properly. “Seasonal allergies cause the skin to swell and take on a yellowish hue due to the seepage of serum from the bloodstream into the skin. As a result, your eyes can become puffy, and, in some cases, skin can become red and flaky,” says Dr. Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas, MD Ph.D., director of Dermatology and Laser Surgery Private Practice in New York City, New York. “Seasonal allergies are due to pollen, which becomes airborne in spring and summer, so it can affect any part of the body, including the skin. I recommend allergy sufferers take quercetin as an herbal remedy or Allegra as an antihistamine to relieve symptoms.”

Care for Your Skin
When seasonal allergies make your skin red and flaky, you need to treat your skin gently because irritating products or ingredients will only cause further damage to your skin. “When your skin is (i.e. red and flaky), you can develop reactions to topical cosmetic ingredients, so you’ll need to focus on building up the skin barrier. I’d recommend seeing your dermatologist; I’ve found that a prescription to EpiCeram as a barrier builder to be particularly effective,” says Dr. Alexiades-Armenakas. You want to be sure that you are using products that contain ingredients that restore, repair and strengthen your skin’s natural barrier. Look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid, glycerin, squalene and ceramides to give your barrier a boost and restore your clear skin. “If you suffer from seasonal allergies, I recommend that you avoid products that contain fragrances and/or toxic preservatives such as parabens and/or propylene glycol. These are high on the list of allergens that can irritate your skin,” advises Alexiades-Armenakas.

blueberries

Eat Well
In addition to treating your allergies and repairing your skin’s barrier, eating foods that promote clear skin can help to keep your skin healthy and happy. Wellness expert, Dr. Frank Lipman, says “sugar, dairy and gluten are the biggest foods that affect skin,” and urges those seeking clear skin to significantly reduce or eliminate these foods from their diets. Instead, he says that “avocados, kale, walnuts (or nuts), wild salmon, blueberries – all the superfoods…” are the foods you want to include in your clear skin diet.

Allergies are annoying and uncomfortable, more so when they target your skin. By treating your allergies with the proper medications, you can reduce the amount of damage seasonal allergies do to your skin. Focus on eating well and using skin care products and ingredients that calm irritated skin and repair your moisture barrier to keep your skin clear during allergy season.

The Benefits of Natural Antibacterials

The beauty industry is constantly introducing customers to the latest and greatest ingredients, but sometimes your skin just wants something effective and gentle. If you have acne-prone skin, whether it is oily, dry or sensitive, you definitely don’t want to risk aggravating your face even further by using harsh chemicals and products to clear your skin. Fortunately, there are some natural antibacterials that are common ingredients in beauty products, and that can be used by themselves if you want to really cut down on what goes onto your skin. Our favorite three natural antibacterials, and their benefits, are below.

Natural anti-bacterials

Natural Antibacterials to Try
For a more natural approach to skincare, consider the following natural antibacterials:

  • Honey – Honey is one of the easiest and most readily available natural antibacterials. Its antibacterial property makes it especially good for acne-prone skin, and because it is a humectant, those with dry skin will love it too. Skin care products that contain honey are beneficial, but you can also incorporate raw honey into your skin care routine by itself. Kim Wallace, a natural beauty advocate, is a huge believer in honey for skin care. “Raw honey can help unclog pores while simultaneously delivering moisture to parched skin. If you’re suffering from a breakout, you can sleep with a small dab of honey on your face and awaken to less stressed skin,” says Wallace. Remember that you want to purchase raw, not processed, honey if you plan on using it on your skin.
  • Tea Tree Oil – Tea tree oil is used in a large variety of beauty products, and many of these are targeted specifically for people who have oily or acne-prone skin. Tea tree oil shampoos are very effective for reducing and eliminating dandruff and it can also reduce breakouts on the scalp. Studies have shown tea tree oil to be just as effective as benzoyl peroxide among those with acne, and tea tree oil doesn’t come with the added risks that benzoyl peroxide does. Look for products containing tea tree oil if you suffer from acne. If you prefer to use tea tree oil alone, know that it can be irritating to some skin, so you might want to dilute the tea tree oil with a bit of water before applying to your skin.
  • Aloe Vera – Most famous for its soothing after-sun products, aloe vera is an incredible skin care multitasker. Aloe vera is a very calming natural antibacterial, and it also has anti-inflammatory properties as well. Because aloe vera is so gentle, you can apply it directly to the skin without fear of any irritation. Products that contain aloe range from cleansers to moisturizers, but you can keep a steady supply of fresh aloe in your home. Simply invest in a small aloe vera plant and snip off a leaf and extract the gel from inside.

Returning to more natural ingredients can help your face recover from the irritation and aggravation of harsh chemicals. These natural antibacterials are incredible skin care ingredients, whether you use them in your favorite product or on their own.

Cosmetic Ingredients That Aren’t so Safe

Woman reading beauty product label

The Food and Drug Administration regulates cosmetic products, but how strict are these regulations? The answer may shock you. The cosmetics industry is largely unregulated; there is no pre-approval by the FDA before a product arrives on your shelves and there is only a very small and minimal approval process for color additives or any ingredients classified as over-the-counter drugs. If you aren’t already, get into the habit of thoroughly reading the ingredient list of every product you purchase, and if you see any of the following, look for something else.

Synthetic Colors
Synthetic colors are widely used in cosmetics, but you definitely want to think twice before purchasing something containing them. If the ingredients list on your label includes FD&C or D&C, then those ingredients are representative of synthetic colors. The “F” represents food and the “D&C” represents drugs and cosmetics. Synthetic colors are written so that the letters come right before a color and a number. These synthetic colors are produced using petroleum or coal tar sources, are dangerous because they are suspected human carcinogen, are a known skin irritant and are linked to ADHD in children. The European Union classifies synthetic colors as human carcinogens and has thus banned them from being used in cosmetics.

Fragrance
Fragrance may seem harmless enough, but this cosmetic ingredient is actually one of the most troubling. The term “fragrance” began being used as a way to protect a company’s “secret formula.” Because of this, cosmetic companies do not have to divulge what ingredients are actually being used in their “fragrance.” Fragrances are well-known for causing health problems like allergies, dermatitis, respiratory distress and even some reproductive issues. Since you have no idea what chemicals or toxins are present in a “fragrance,” it’s best to steer clear of this ingredient.

Formaldehyde
Cosmetic companies include formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives to inhibit bacteria growth, which seems like it would be a good thing. However, this chemical has been identified as a human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Carcinogens. Formaldehyde is also known to cause allergic skin reactions and is potentially harmful to your immune system.

Toluene
This chemical is derived from either petroleum or coal tar sources, and it may be labeled as toluol, benzene, methylbenzene and phenylmethane. Toluene is a very potent solvent and can be used to dissolve paint, which is an indication that this ingredient should not be going onto or into your body. Toluene may also cause nausea, skin irritation and could be harmful to your respiratory system.

Triclosan
Triclosan is a chemical antibacterial that can be found commonly in products like toothpaste and soaps. However, there is no supporting research that using soaps containing triclosan is more effective than washing with regular soap and water. Because of this, there is no reason to subject yourself to the potential harm caused by triclosan that includes skin irritation and thyroid or reproductive system disruptions. Additionally, studies have raised concern that using products containing triclosan may lead to creating bacteria that is antibiotic resistant.

Reading labels is important in every aspect of your life, from the food you choose to the beauty products you apply to your skin. When it comes to cosmetic ingredients, avoid the one above because it’s better to play it safe than to risk your health.

Flavonoid Sources: Parsley and Onions

You’ve probably heard the word flavonoids and know that your diet is supposed to include these ingredients, but you might not know what benefits flavonoids have. Adding foods rich in flavonoids to your diet is remarkably easy when you know what foods to add. Below, check out two of the greatest sources of flavonoids and how you can include them in your diet.

Parsley and onions

What are Flavonoids and What are Their Benefits?
Flavonoids are polyphenolic compounds that contain antioxidant powers and that are found in plants. The antioxidants help to protect your body from dangerous free radicals, which is helpful because free radical damage can increase your risk of heart disease by raising your LDL, or “bad” cholesterol. There are also flavonoids that can decrease dangerous inflammation in your arteries, which helps to prevent heart disease, particularly atherosclerosis. Research from Cornell University has shown that extract from onions, which are incredibly rich in flavonoids, has provided strong antiproliferative effects against both liver and colon cancer cells.

Why Parsley and Onions?
Most people, if they are familiar with flavonoids, associate these compounds with foods such as berries, dark chocolate and red wine. While all of those contain flavonoids, they aren’t the only dietary sources available. Parsley and onions are two incredible sources of flavonoids to add to your diet.

  • Parsley – Both the leaves and stems of the parsley plant contain flavonoids. Parsley is especially rich in a flavonoid known as luteolin, which is both an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory flavonoid. Luteolin helps to suppress inflammation from arthritis and other painful conditions. Research that was published in “Molecules” indicated that another flavonoid in parsley, myristicin, inhibited the production of several inflammatory compounds by cultured immune cells, however, these results have yet to be proven to be effective in humans.
  • Onions – When it comes to flavonoid content, not all onions are created equal. According to a 2004 article published in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, western yellow onions were ranked highest in overall flavonoid content. Red onions, which are also popular in the United States, ranked fourth for flavonoid content. When it comes to receiving the full flavonoid content, try to remove as little of the outermost layer of onions as possible, because over-peeling leads to flavonoid loss.

How to Incorporate Parsley and Onions Into Your Diet
One of the greatest things about parsley and onions is how versatile they are; you can really add them to about any dish you can think of. For breakfast, try a spinach, onion and bell pepper omelet topped off with some freshly chopped parsley. When it comes to lunch and dinner, you can create tons of quick salads using onions and parsley. One of our favorites is the tomato, sweet onion and parsley salad.

To make this salad, you’ll need a cup and a half of grape tomatoes, ½ cup of thinly sliced onions, ½ cup of fresh chopped parsley and two tablespoons of crumbled feta cheese. You can make your own dressing by whisking together one and a half teaspoons of extra virgin olive oil, one teaspoon of red wine vinegar, salt and pepper to taste.

Eating well not only makes your body feel good, but it improves your internal health. Flavonoids are excellent at fighting free radical damage, decreasing the risk of heart disease and potentially fighting cancer, and you can get a ton of flavonoids by adding parsley and onions to your diet.

Hydroxytyrosol

If you think you know about all of the antioxidants you need, it’s time to reconsider. There is one antioxidant that you probably have never heard of – hydroxytyrosol. Hydroxytyrosol is the most powerful antioxidant that you’ve never heard of, but that you are probably already eating. Keep reading to find out what hydroxytyrosol is and what health benefits this antioxidant compound has for you.

Olives

What is Hydroxytyrosol?
Hydroxytyrosol is one of the main antioxidant components found in olives, and has been receiving high praise for its potential health benefits. This simple phenolic compound is found in the fruits and leaves of the olive tree, in extra virgin olive oil and in high concentrations in olive oil mill wastewater. It is research into olive oil and it’s health benefits that lead to the isolation and further studies of hydroxytyrosol. Hydroxytyrosol is fat and water soluble and is the only phenol that is able to cross the blood-brain barrier, which means that it is able to absorb free radicals throughout the entire central nervous system. The fact that hydroxytyrosol is fat and water soluble means that it has a high bioavailability (the ease with which substances are able to transfer from your foods to your body).

What are the Health Benefits of Hydroxytyrosol?
Research is ongoing about the possible health benefits that hydroxytyrosol has, but it is a well-documented antioxidant with incredible anti-inflammatory abilities. Some other potential health benefits of hydroxytyrosol include:

  • Neuroprotection – In 2007, a two-part German study discovered that orally ingesting hydroxytyrosol did have neuroprotective effects on the mice used in the study. Three years late, the same group of researchers conducted a study on hydroxytyrosol and its possible effects on age-related cognitive decline. According to the second study, “the results we obtained mainly confirms our previous observation of promising cytoprotection of brain cells.” Essentially, hydroxytyrosol may offer significant mental protection against cognitive decline associated with aging.
  • Breast Cancer – Many antioxidants are thought to help with various cancers due to their impressive health benefits like reducing inflammation and annihilating harmful free radicals. Studies have indicated that eating olive oil was linked to lower incidences of breast cancer, so a team of Spanish researchers isolated hydroxytyrosol and tested its effects on breast cell lines. “Hydroxytyrosol could contribute to a lower incidence of breast cancer in populations that consume virgin olive oil due to its antioxidant activity and its protection against oxidative DNA damage in mammary cells.”
  • Cardiovascular Health – In a study published in Frontiers in Nutrition, researchers looked at hydroxytyrosol and its possible effect on cardiovascular diseases. “Mechanisms of action include potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, among others. The importance of hydroxytyrosol in protection of low-density lipoproteins and consequently its implication in the reduction of cardiovascular disease risk has been highlighted by the European Food Safety Authority, concluding that 5 mg of hydroxytyrosol and its derivatives should be consumed daily to reach this effect at a physiological level.”

The potency of hydroxytyrosol does depend upon the quality of the olive oil that you are using. For the highest concentrations of hydroxytyrosol, and the health benefits that come with it, always use extra virgin olive oil that has been cold-pressed.

The Anatomy of the Grape

The humble grape. It may seem like an unassuming fruit, but this berry is an absolute powerhouse of versatility. Grapes are used in the production of wine, for consumption and their components can be incredibly beneficial for your skin when used in topical products. Incredible skincare ingredients that come from grapes include resveratrol and grapeseed oil. To understand grapes and their uses in winemaking and skin care, take a look below at the anatomy of the grape.

Bunch of grapes

Physical Anatomy of the Grape
Grapes are composed of three major parts: the skin, the pulp and the seeds.

  • The Skin – The skin of each grape is anywhere from six to 10 cells thick, and though it is thin, it is an essential part of the grape. The outer surface of the skin is covered with a waxy layer that protects grapes against inclement weather. “A freshly picked grape will be covered in this powder, and it’s easily removed with the tip of your finger. If you see this on your grapes, that’s a good thing – it shows that the fruit hasn’t been processed and is at the peak of its freshness,” writes Mathilde Thomas in her book, The French Beauty Solution. The skin of grapes contains phenolic compounds, potassium and aromatic substances. It is in the seemingly inconsequential area of the grape that resveratrol is the most concentrated.
  • The Pulp – Pulp comprises the majority of each grape and it rests just under the layer of skin on the grape. In the production of white wines, the pulp is responsible for the bulk of the wine’s flavor and acidity. In red wine, the flavor comes first from the skin and then from the pulp. Sugars, water, aromas, potassium and tartaric and malic acids are all found within the pulp of the grape. In addition to these substances, grapes also contain iron, magnesium, copper, citric acid, niacin, fatty substances and calcium. The two primary types of sugar found in grapes are fructose and glucose and ripe grapes contain a relatively equal amount of each of these carbohydrates.
  • The Seeds – Closest to the inside of the grape are the seeds, which contain high amounts of tannins. For winemakers, the seeds must be treated quite carefully because if they are crushed during pressing, the tannins in the wine will be overdone. If this occurs, the wine will need a significantly longer time in the bottle before it is palatable. When it comes to grapes being used for skin care, the seeds are perhaps the most beneficial portion of the grape due to their high polyphenol content.

Grapes are truly an incredible fruit, and they seem to be perfectly made for the production of wine. Any other fruit would require additional sugar or other ingredients to even produce alcohol, but the grape is inherently suited to this task. Additionally, compounds within the skin, pulp and seeds of the grape can have significant positive benefits for your skin and body. The next time you eat a grape, take the time to truly savor the experience and notice all of the various parts that combine in this delectable berry.